Wreck of the & # 39; sister ship & # 39; from Titanic, the British, to divers for the first time
The unfortunate twin ship of the Titanic, the British, could soon be a tourist attraction more than 300 feet below (100 m) below the Aegean Sea.
The ship was made as part of the same project that created the Titanic and became a naval hospital ship for British forces in World War I.
It struck a marine mine in the Aegean off the coast of the Greek island of Kea in 1916 and within an hour it was at the bottom of the sea. Thirty people on board were killed.
The proposals of the Greek government will be voted next month to loosen the suffocating legislation that prevents divers from visiting shipwrecks for fear of looting.
The imminent adjustment will allow divers to visit wrecks between 1860 and 1970 as part of an underwater park.
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The British (in the photo, a colored photo) was made as part of it & # 39; Olympic project & # 39; He created the supposedly unsinkable Titanic and the Olympic ships. British was a hospital ship for British forces in World War I.
The Greek government is considering changing existing legislation to allow more divers to reach the remains of the Britannic. It is currently extremely restricted. In the image, three divers approach the boat listed 300 feet below the surface of the Aegean in a rare exploration of the wreck.
A gap in the hull of a German marine mine placed by a submarine only a month before the sinking allowed water to enter and the ship began to descend to starboard side, where water was accumulating after the explosion on this flank. The 883-foot shipwreck was discovered largely intact in 1975 by the famous marine explorer Jacques Cousteau
The 883-foot ship wreck was discovered listed on one side and largely intact in 1975 by the famous marine explorer Jacques Cousteau.
Yannis Tzavelakos, a local diving instructor who has been asking for more freedom to visit the British, said The times: & # 39; It's a positive development.
& # 39; Such initiatives can only facilitate innovative projects and increase the tourism industry.
& # 39; But it takes much more than good intentions. This time we need to see evidence that designs like these will pass & # 39; & # 39 ;.
The British is too far underwater for most recreational divers, but experienced technical divers can reach and explore the wreck.
However, it is not without danger, since 37-year-old professional diver Carl Spencer died in 2009 after contracting decompression sickness, known as curves, during an authorized exploration of the ship.
The Greek government's plans would also apply lenient laws to other notable remains in the Aegean.
A Junkers Ju 52, the three-engine Luftwaffe plane used in World War II, would probably become part of the underwater park after crashing on the coast of Paros in 1943.
The British submarine HMS Perseus from World War II, which sank in 1941 and killed 60 of the 61 on board when it struck an Italian mine, would probably also be open for exploration.
The laws would still prohibit the exploration of older remains dating back to beyond 1860.
The Titanic has recently been subject to widespread scrutiny as a dispute over its salvage rights broke out.
An international treaty between the US UU. And the United Kingdom will grant to the USA. UU. And to the United Kingdom the power to grant or deny licenses to companies to enter the remains and eliminate artifacts found outside the hull.
RMS Titanic, the company with the rights to wash missions to the ship in the Atlantic Ocean that sank in 1912, has contested this and said the deal does not have “ teeth & # 39; & # 39; and that cannot be enforced in US law.
In a desperate attempt to save the lives of people on board, Captain Bartlett attempted to beach the Britannic in the shallows of Kea, but the propeller destroyed two lifeboats and their inhabitants fleeing the sinking ship.
WHAT WAS HMHS BRITANNIC?
Britannic is the third and largest trio of the Olympic class of the Olympic White Star Line.
It was the sister ship of Titanic and Olympic.
After the sinking of the Titanic in April 1912, the 53,000-ton British hull was redesigned and launched on February 26, 1914.
It was never used as a commercial ocean liner due to the First World War.
He was requisitioned as a hospital ship in November 1915 and sent to the fronts of the Middle East and Aegean.
On his sixth trip, on his way to pick up wounded soldiers from the disastrous Gallipoli campaign, he sank on November 21, 1916.
Of the 1,066 passengers on board, 30 died.
For years, the cause of Britannic's sinking, whether by a torpedo or a mine, was unclear.
British was located in 1975 by Jacques Cousteau, the famous French underwater explorer.
But a 2003 analysis and documentary provided conclusive evidence of a single mining explosion that caused it to sink.
The explosion opened a hole in his helmet and quickly drank water. It sank in an hour.
The lifeboats were deployed too soon while the captain, unaware that they had been deployed, tied to deliberately beach the cruise.
Two lifeboats became entangled in the propellers and they, and their occupants, were shattered by the rotating blades.
Britannic continued to drink water through the portholes that were open to ventilate the hospital wards.
The 883-foot ship now appears on one side more than 100 m (328 feet) underwater at the bottom of the Aegean Sea, off the coast of Greece.
In the image: The fireman's ladder as seen from above in the British. He was photographed during the national geographic documentary 1009 & # 39; Britannic Expedition & # 39 ;. Diving to the wreck is not without danger, since 37-year-old professional diver Carl Spencer died in 2009 after contracting decompression sickness, known as curves.
Greek government plans would also apply lenient laws to other notable remains in the Aegean, including that of the British submarine HMS Perseus of World War II (pictured) that sank in 1941 and killed 60 of the 61 on board, after of hitting an Italian. mine
A Junkers Ju 52, the three-engine Luftwaffe transport aircraft used in World War II, would also be part of the underwater park after crashing on the coast of Paros in 1943 (pictured)
Britannic and Olympic are the two lesser-known sister ships built by Harland & Wolff for the White Star Line shipping company. All were named & # 39; Olympic class & # 39; and unsinkable.
Olympic was the only one that did not sink and was removed from service and scrapped in 1935.
The most famous of the trio is the Titanic, which sank to the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean on its maiden voyage after hitting an iceberg.
British was the largest of the three and was delayed after the Titanic tragedy and improvements were made to make sure she was completely safe for the service.
After completion in early 1914, the outbreak of the First World War put an end to its luxury line plans and the 48,000-ton ship became a hospital ship for the Royal Navy before its maiden voyage.
On his sixth voyage through the Aegean on November 21, 1916 to pick up wounded soldiers from the Middle East, the Briton struck a mine planted only a month earlier by a German submarine.
A gap in the hull and open portholes to ventilate the hospital rooms saw water enter and the ship began to descend to the starboard side, where water accumulated after the explosion on this flank.
In a desperate attempt to save the lives of the people on board, Captain Bartlett attempted to beach the British in the shallow waters of nearby Kea.
While desperately waving the propellers for this purpose, doctors were evacuating people.
One of the improvements made in Britannic after the Titanic catastrophe was the ability to deploy lifeboats even when the ship was severely on the list.
This allowed them to put two lifeboats in the port water, as it was sinking during the captain's last maneuver.
Unfortunately, they were deployed too soon and became entangled in the propellers. Two ships and their fleeing inhabitants were cut into fatal dice on the rotating blades.
The captain managed to shut down the engine before more lives or boats were lost.
Warm temperatures of around 21 ° C, ample lifeboats and a rescue mission of less than two hours that make passengers more likely to survive in Britannic than in the Titanic.
Britannic was going to be the biggest ship lost during the Great War.
On his sixth trip through the Aegean on November 21, 1916 to pick up wounded soldiers from the Middle East, the Briton struck a mine and sank. Britannic would be the biggest ship lost during the Great War
After completion in early 1914, the outbreak of World War I ended its luxury line plans (pictured) and the 48,000-ton ship became a hospital ship for the Royal Navy before its maiden voyage .
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