People in England smoked 1.4 billion fewer cigarettes in 2018 than in 2011, because research suggests that the government's crackdown on the deadly habit worked
- The proportion of people who smoke has also fallen by 15 percent
- Smoking is directly linked to at least 15 cancers and is a top goal for public health
- In 2018, 2.58 billion cigarettes were smoked every month – a decrease from 3.41 billion
People in England now smoke 1.4 billion fewer cigarettes a year than at the start of the decade.
Research suggests that stricter rules for cigarette packaging and advertising, as well as the smoking ban indoors, have worked.
About one in seven people in England smokes – but a study found that they use 24 percent fewer cigarettes than people did seven years ago.
The average number of cigarettes smoked every month decreased between 2011 and 2018 by 118 million a month, to 1.42 billion less a year.
The number of smoked cigarettes in England fell from 3.41 billion a month in 2011 to 2.58 billion a month in 2018, a study funded by Cancer Research UK (stock image)
Scientists from University College London, together with Cancer Research UK, analyzed sales figures and surveys among approximately 135,000 members of the public.
They discovered that in 2011 people smoked around 3.41 billion cigarettes every month, but this fell by nearly a quarter to 2.58 billion in 2018.
& # 39; It's great that more than a billion fewer cigarettes are sold and smoked in England every year & # 39 ;, said Dr. Sarah Jackson of the Tobacco and Alcohol Research Group of UCL.
& # 39; The fall in national cigarette use was dramatic and exceeded the fall in the prevalence of smoking, which was around 15 percent over the same period.
& # 39; This means that not only fewer people smoke, but those who keep smoking smoke less. & # 39;
Smoking is the largest preventable cause of cancer and it is known to produce chemicals that cause at least 15 different forms of the disease.
On average, the number of cigarettes smoked in England every month fell between September 2011 and December 2017 by 118 million a month
& # 39; SMOKING MUST SAY BEFORE 2030 & # 39;
The British government wants to stop smoking in England by 2030 as part of a series of measures to tackle preventable ill health.
The Green Paper, issued in July, said that more needs to be done to improve public health.
The newspaper said: & # 39; Thanks to our joint efforts in the area of smoking, we now have one of the lowest smoking rates in Europe.
& # 39; Yet for the 14 percent of adults who still smoke, it is the greatest health risk.
Smokers are disproportionate in areas with many hardships. In Blackpool, one in four pregnant women smoke. In Westminster it is one in 50. & # 39;
The article proposes to offer smoking cessation to all cigarette users who have been admitted to NHS hospitals.
It said it wants to reduce the smoking rate to 12 percent by 2022 and to zero by 2030.
& # 39; This includes an ultimatum for the industry to eliminate smoked tobacco by 2030 & # 39 ;, the paper added, & with smokers quitting or switching to reduced-risk products such as e-cigarettes. & # 39;
It causes about 70 percent of all lung cancer cases, with the highest number of deaths from all cancers.
People are attracted to smoking because nicotine can make them feel good, but it is easy to get addicted and very difficult to quit once smoking becomes a habit.
Around 7.4 million people in the UK regularly smoke tobacco, along with around a billion people – mostly men – worldwide.
Government initiatives to reduce the number of smokers have been regularly introduced in the UK in the last 15 years.
Health warnings on packaging became mandatory in 2002, advertisements were banned in 2003, indoor smoking was banned in 2007 and in 2017 all brand packaging had to be replaced by regular green-brown boxes.
& # 39; Large tobacco said the introduction of stricter regulations would not work and campaigned against this & # 39 ;, said George Butterworth of Cancer Research UK.
& # 39; But this is proof that smoking trends are moving in the right direction.
R Smoking is still the largest preventable cause of cancer, and certain groups smoke much higher, such as routine and manual workers, so we cannot stop here and think the job is done.
& # 39; Last month the government pledged to make the UK smoke-free by 2030. But stopping smoking, which gives smokers the best chance of quitting, has repeatedly been cut back in recent years.
& # 39; We need the government to resolve the funding crisis in local smoking cessation services. The tobacco industry could be persuaded to pay for these services to clean up the mess that their products have caused. & # 39;
Deborah Arnott, CEO of the Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) campaign group, said: & # 39; The significant decrease in tobacco use is excellent news.
& # 39; However, there is still a long way to go to realize the government's ultimatum for the tobacco industry to make smoked tobacco obsolete and England smoke-free by 2030.
& # 39; The government has also said it is open to a & # 39; polluter pays & # 39; tobacco control approach, something the public health community has been calling for for years.
& # 39; The tobacco industry is causing the damage – it should pay to rectify it. & # 39;
The research is published in the journal JAMA Network Open.
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