Two couples with coronavirus have now been reunited to view their treatment and quarantine together in Nebraska, officials said Tuesday.
One person was transferred there earlier this week and a second was relocated Tuesday night from Travis Air Force Base in California, but no further details about their identity have been shared so far.
But officials at the Nebraska Medical Center, home of the National Quarantine Unit in Omaha, said “this is the last time Diamond Diamond spouses are reunited at UNMC / Nebraska Medicine.”
With the addition of the two infected spouses, a total of 15 people have now been placed in quarantine in the country’s specially created facility for people with risky pathogens. More than 81,000 people worldwide are now infected.
The total number of cases in the US has now risen to 57, including at least 40 passengers on the Diamond Princess cruise ship.
The UNMC officials said there are still two people who tested negative for quarantine corona virus there, and an infected person with a quarantined spouse elsewhere.
But that husband is negative and will not be brought to Nebraska, they said.
Two couples with coronavirus after evacuation of the Diamond Princess cruise ship are now reunited in quarantine at the University of Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha (photo)
The first US clinical trial with an antiviral agent called remdesivir is now underway at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, doctors reported Tuesday.
It is after President Donald Trump has insisted that the United States is in a “very good state” with regard to the corona virus, because the White House sent Monday legislators an urgent plan of $ 2.5 billion to deal with the deadly global outbreak to grab.
“We think we are in good condition in the United States,” the president said during a business round table meeting at the US embassy in Delhi. Trump is on a two-day state visit to India.
Trump joked with American and Indian business leaders that their investments in the US … made a lot of money “except yesterday” and noted that the market was declining.
The Dow popped 1000 points on Monday and published its worst day in two years, amid the fear of a peak in the case of the corona virus.
“I think it will be under control,” the president said of the outbreak and regretted the market decline because he no longer had control over him or anyone else.
Another six Americans quarantined in Texas have tested positive for the corona virus that is now in danger of rising to pandemic levels, health workers in San Antonio said Monday.
With the addition of these new patients – including five evacuees from the Diamond Princess cruise ship and one from Wuhan, the epicenter of the outbreak in China – the number of Americans with corona virus has risen to 53.
Despite the fact that the number of cases has more than tripled within 10 days, President Trump tweeted confidently that “Coronavirus is very well controlled in the US.”
He also assured Americans through the social media platform that the stock market is starting to look “very good to me,” despite the thousand points of the Dow, for which the fear of coronavirus is generally attributed.
The Trump administration is asking Congress $ 2.5 billion to fight the fast-spreading corona virus, including more than $ 1 billion for vaccines, the White House said earlier on Monday.
The White House budget office said the funds are for vaccines, treatment and protective equipment. But the request was immediately handled as insufficient by Democrats, because House Speaker Nancy Pelosi called it “totally inadequate” according to the extent of the emergency.
The news came when coronavirus cases and deaths occurred in China, but the World Health Organization (WHO) warned that although it hesitated to use the word “pandemic,” the outbreak was shaking.
A total of 53 people in the US now have a corona virus, while officials in San Antonio Texas confirmed that another six evacuees – five from the Diamond Princess cruise ship and one from Wuhan – have the infection that has made nearly 80.00 people sick worldwide
Foreign Ministry officials defended their decision to return the 14 people who tested positive for the corona virus in Japan to the US with uninfected passengers against CDC warnings during a press conference on Friday, pointing out the 328 passengers who were evacuated from the Diamond Princess and were stuck waiting to go home on buses (photo)
White House spokeswoman Rachel Semmel said: “Today, the administration is sending a $ 2.5 billion convention to speed up vaccine development, preparedness and response activities and to purchase the necessary equipment and supplies.
“We also release existing resources and provide more flexibility for response activities.”
Following a controversial decision to repatriate 14 US cruise passengers whose test results returned positively when boarding evacuation flights from Japan to the US, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officials warned that it is “very likely” that coronavirus will begin to spread in American communities.
Health officials warned the Ministry of Foreign Affairs not to let 14 American Diamond Princess cruise passengers, who tested positive in addition to healthy passengers in Japan, fear that the virus would spread.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs set aside the warning warnings from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and flew all 328 evacuees back together on two planes.
Now 18 of those passengers are positive for the deadly corona virus that killed 2,700 people worldwide, CDC officials confirmed on Friday.
Sources involved in the decision told the Washington Post that CDC strongly warned the Ministry of Foreign Affairs against the transport of infected and uninfected people side by side, but were eventually ignored.
“It was like the worst nightmare,” said a senior American official involved in the decision, who spoke to the Post on condition of anonymity.
“Honestly, the alternative could have pulled grandma out in the pouring rain, and that would have been bad.”
Now those 328 passengers are all back on American soil after spending more than two weeks on the cruise ship that has become the closest infected place in the world outside of China.
When asked about the conflict between the two agencies during a press conference on Friday, CDC spokesman Nancy Messonnier briefly presented the US Department of Foreign Affairs.
“It is important to remember that this was an emerging and unusual circumstance,” said Ian Brownlee, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Office for Consular Affairs.
‘We had 328 people on buses, a plan to implement and we received laboratory results from people who were otherwise asymptomatic, non-sick people on a bus on the way to the airport.
“The people on the ground have done just the right thing … to bring them home.”
People who had tested positive were placed in isolation units on board the two cargo planes, which then flew to San Antonio – Lackland Joint Base in Texas and Travis Air Base in California.
Although officials reassured the press that the sick passengers had been thoroughly locked in and all precautions had been taken to ensure the safety of the healthy people on board, later reports emerged that people on flights had no idea they had an even more confined space individuals shared with infected people.
When the planes landed at their respective destinations late on Sunday evening, six high-risk passengers from Lackland and seven from Travis were taken to an additional flight to Omaha Eppley Airfield in Nebraska.
Eleven of the 13 American passengers evacuated from the Diamond Princess cruise ship in Japan that were considered a “high risk” for coronavirus have confirmed to have the infection that is spreading to more than 81,000 people around the world.
Twelve of those 13 passengers were detained at the National Quarantine Center in Omaha, Nebraska, while one was immediately transferred to the Nebraska Biocontainment Unit because they had developed symptoms of the virus and had an underlying condition.
All 11 new cases were confirmed on Thursday by the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), while the other two passengers tested negative at UNMC.
Meanwhile, 16 of the ship’s more than 300 other evacuees that were symptom-free and quarantined at Travis Air Force Base, later developed signs of the virus and were transferred to hospitals where they can be isolated, checked and treated.
Four people were transported to the Sacred Heart Medical Center in Spokane, Washington, which is specially equipped to treat dangerous infectious diseases in the US and another two are expected to be brought for isolation, spokesman Christa Arguinchona told AP on Thursday.
Eleven of the 13 ‘risky’ evacuees of the Diamond Princess cruise ship docked in Japan were brought to Nebraska for quarantine, including Carl Goldman (photo), who developed symptoms with an underlying condition, and was transferred to a biocontainment unit, according to his woman. Now 11 of them have tested positive for coronavirus
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs confirmed that after the evacuees were placed in buses to the airport, 14 people who showed no symptoms had tested positive for the virus – and were then placed in isolation rooms (photo)
With 11 new confirmed cases among the evacuees of Omaha, Nebraska, there are now 27 cases of coronavirus in eight US states
Officials on Monday morning confirmed that 14 of the passengers who had been evacuated to the US had tested positive for corona virus, but were still allowed to fly – in isolated rooms – on board the same aircraft as passengers who were negative for the virus.
One passenger was transported to the Nebraska Biocontainment Unit after landing on Eppely Air Field after he had a cough and a light feeling in the head. Local officials said the person has a chronic health condition, but have not indicated what kind.
Later, Seratti-Goldman, an evacuee from California, claimed that that person was her husband, Carl Goldman, who has Guillain-Barré syndrome, got an autoimmune disease and fever on the plane and was unable to walk when they landed.
The biocontainment unit of the University of Nebraska Medical Center is one of only three such facilities in the nation that are considered qualified to treat Ebola outbreak patients that infected 11 Americans in 2014.
All 13 high-risk passengers were re-tested for the corona virus. Six were flown to Nebraska after landing at Travis Air Force Base in Northern California just before 11.30pm Sunday night and another seven were brought to quarantine after landing at Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio, Texas, hours later.
It is not yet clear what kind of ‘care’ the patients received while they were isolated, although doctors in the US and abroad are experimentally using antiviral drugs, a drug developed to treat ebola, supportive therapies (such as IV- liquids and respirators) and, in China, plasma transfusions.
Since arrival, the 12 quarantined passengers have been isolated in their rooms, said Shelly Schwedhelm, an official at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, in a press conference.
It also remains unclear which protocols were applied to the remaining patients who tested positive for coronavirus – about four – before they left Japan at the weekend to flee the ship where more than 454 people are now infected with the potentially deadly virus after another 99 cases were confirmed on Monday.
The Nebraska Biocontainment Unit is one of only three in the US designated to contain and treat patients with Ebola during the 2014 outbreak affecting 11 Americans, including one, who was transported here to the facility
Employees of the Nebraska Biocontainment unit practice a topic (a member of the Air Force service) in one of the specialized rooms where one of the 13 Princess Princess high-risk coronavirus evacuees was placed after arriving at Eppely Air Field in Omaha on Monday. The other 12 patients are in quarantine
Fourteen of the evacuees were placed in isolation chambers aboard their evacuation flights when officials realized they had tested positive for the deadly virus.
The first 747 aircraft landed at Travis Air Force Base in Northern California, just before 11:30 am on Sunday local time, before the second aircraft arrived a few hours later at Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio, Texas.
The passengers were all considered ‘fit to fly’ and showed no symptoms before they left the cruise ship. When the evacuees were brought to the airport in Tokyo, the results of tests that had been carried out two to three days earlier came back and showed that the 14 passengers had the infection.
Although the US said earlier that no infected passenger would be allowed to leave, those who tested positive were still allowed to board the aircraft because they had no symptoms. The Foreign Ministry said they were isolated separately from other passengers on the flights.
Health officials of the CDC discourage the transportation of the 14 people who are positive for the corona virus, but ultimately the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The US said it had arranged the evacuation because people at the Diamond Princess were at high risk of being exposed to the virus, since more than 450 passengers have tested positive since the cruise ship was quarantined on February 4.
While countries freed their respective citizens from the cruise ship, which is by far the largest cluster of corona virus cases outside of China, around 3,000 people who spent the last two weeks or more in high-risk environments were blowing around the world.
Centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) officials have warned that people can be asymptomatic, can test negative for the corona virus and can develop later. They and experts from the World Health Organization (WHO) have also warned that even asymptomatic people may have and transmit the virus.
And that makes some experts very worried.
“There is a possibility that anyone who is infected and asymptomatic can start an infection chain wherever they return,” Dr. said. Stanley Deresinkski, professor and specialist in infectious diseases at Stanford University Fortune.
He referred to passengers from the Westerdam cruise ship, currently in Cambodia, but is preparing to return home despite the fact that an 84-year-old American woman on board was diagnosed with coronavirus, but the same could certainly apply to the Diamond Princess, by far the largest cluster of coronavirus cases outside of China.
A second plane with Americans evacuated from the Diamond Princess ship arrives at Joint Base San Antonio in Texas after flying back from Tokyo
One of the two planes that 340 Americans were returning from Japan to the US, where they spent nearly two weeks under coronavirus quarantine aboard the Diamond Princess cruise ship, landed on Travis Air Force Base in California (photo)
The sick passengers were allowed to continue the flight, but in the isolation rooms (photo), and after landing they will be treated separately for the other passengers for treatment
340 Americans decided to leave the ship and take the charter flights from the government back to the US, where they will be under extra quarantine for two more 14 days at two military bases
DIAMOND PRINCESS SAGA: TIME LINE OF CORONAVIRUS OUTBREAK
February 4: Japan announced that 10 people on board the Diamond Princess cruise ship had been diagnosed with coronavirus.
The ship, which carried more than 3,700 passengers, was placed in quarantine.
15 February: US authorities announced they would deliver two planes to return the 380 Americans aboard the ship to the United States.
February 16: Officials revealed 454 passengers were now infected on the ship, including about 62 Americans.
Japanese authorities, dressed in head-to-toe protective suits, began transporting around 340 Americans to the airport in Tokyo in a convoy of 14 buses.
When the evacuees were brought to the airport in Tokyo, the results of tests that had been carried out two to three days earlier came back and showed that the 14 passengers had the infection.
Despite the fact that the US said earlier that no infected passenger should be allowed to leave, those who tested positive were still allowed to board the aircraft separately because they had no symptoms.
February 17: The two planes land at Travis Air Force Base in Northern California and Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio, Texas.
All passengers still have to quarantine for 14 days in the military facilities – which means that they will have been in quarantine for almost four weeks in total.
February 19: The 14-day quarantine for the ship is expected to be lifted.
Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at the National Institutes of Health, said Sunday that an infected person with minimal symptoms can still pass the virus on to someone else.
It came when Japanese officials confirmed that an additional 99 people had been infected by the virus aboard the quarantined cruise ship, bringing the total to 454. At least 62 Americans are among the infected, but it is unclear whether that figure includes the 14 that have been evacuated.
The United States was the first country to evacuate its passengers from the ship. Australia, Canada, Hong Kong and Italy were planning similar passenger flights.
More than 73,000 people are now infected with the virus worldwide, while 1,873 people have died from it. In general, Japan has 419 confirmed cases of the virus, including one death. The United States has confirmed 15 cases within the country. Apart from that, an American citizen died in China.
US authorities had announced on Saturday that they would allow the 380 Americans on board to leave the ship. The evacuation was not mandatory, but the Americans who chose not to leave the ship were warned that they could not return to the US for a period to be determined later by the Centers for Disease Control.
Those who arrived at Travis Air Force Base in California have been told that they are being quarantined at the Westwind Inn on the base, where the ones evacuated from Wuhan are being held. They are kept in a separate part of the building for those who are already in quarantine.
The Americans who evacuated the ship said they were frustrated about the extra two-week quarantine in the US because they believed they could be free from the Diamond Princess if the ship’s quarantine was lifted on Wednesday.
“It’s like a prison sentence for something I didn’t do,” said passenger Karey Mansicalco CNN from her cabin. “They hold us hostage for no reason.”
“In cargo plane. You can’t imagine. Crazy or worst dream ever, “wrote the American evacuee Gay Courter on Facebook after boarding one of the flights at Tokyo International Airport.
Her husband Philip added: ‘Huge B-747 cargo plane without windows with some bolted seats. Destination unknown at the moment. ”
Americans Cheryl and Paul Molesky, a couple from Syracuse, New York, chose to swap one coronavirus quarantine for another, leaving the cruise ship to fly back to the US Cheryl Molesky said the rising number of patients on the ship account kept up with the decision.
“We’re glad we’re going home,” Cheryl Molesky told NHK TV in Japan earlier. “It’s just a bit disappointing that we have to go through quarantine again and we probably won’t be as comfortable as the Diamond Princess, possibly.”
When they finally boarded the plane with other Americans, Cheryl said, “Well, we’re exhausted, but we’re on the plane and that’s a good feeling.” Pretty miserable with these masks, and everyone had to take the bus to the toilet. ”
Japan said 340 Americans were being taken to Tokyo airport to be evacuated, while another who had already been diagnosed had to stay behind for treatment. A handful of others chose to stay
Passengers aboard the 747 cargo plane were able to take photos when they returned to America, detained on the cruise ship since February 3
Buses with American passengers aboard the quarantined cruise ship the Diamond Princess, seen in the background, leave the port of Yokohama, near Tokyo, early Monday. The cruise ship transported nearly 3,500 passengers and crew members
Passengers are seen aboard one of the two planes en route to the US at Haneda airport in Tokyo, late Sunday after they had evacuated the Diamond Princess cruise ship
Een bus met Amerikaanse passagiers die aan boord van het in quarantaine geplaatste cruiseschip de Diamond Princess waren, arriveert op de luchthaven Haneda in Tokio, voordat de passagiers aan boord gaan van een Kalitta-vliegtuig gecharterd door de Amerikaanse overheid
Andere Amerikanen aan boord van het cruiseschip weigerden de Diamond Princess te evacueren, ondanks de waarschuwing dat ze nog twee weken moeten wachten en negatief op het virus moeten testen voordat ze terug naar de Verenigde Staten worden toegelaten.
Ze vreesden op een lange vlucht met andere passagiers die mogelijk besmet zijn of in een incubatieperiode.
‘Mijn gezondheid is goed. En mijn quarantaine van twee weken is bijna voorbij. Waarom zou ik in een bus en een vliegtuig willen worden gezet met andere mensen waarvan ze denken dat ze besmet zijn als ik bijna twee weken geïsoleerd ben geweest van die mensen? ‘ Matt Smith, een Amerikaanse advocaat op het schip met zijn vrouw, tweette.
Hij beschreef een mede-Amerikaanse passagier die op haar balkon stond en ‘VS, VS’ zong terwijl bussen aankwamen om ze op te halen.
‘Natuurlijk, in strijd met de regels van quarantaine, draagt ze geen gezichtsmasker en praat ze met een passagier op het aangrenzende balkon … En wilde je dat ik met haar in de bus zou stappen?’
Hij zei dat Amerikaanse functionarissen in hazmat-pakken en gezichtsmaskers zijn kamer hadden bezocht om te controleren of hij van boord zou gaan, maar hij zei dat hij wilde blijven.
Later, toen Smith had gehoord dat 14 besmette passagiers nog steeds aan boord van de vluchten mochten gaan, tweette hij: ‘OMG! US Gov’t zei dat ze niemand in de vliegtuigen zouden plaatsen die symptomatisch was, en ze kwamen bewust en opzettelijk 14 mensen aan die daadwerkelijk het virus hebben. Besluit om niet geëvacueerd te worden = beste beslissing ooit! ”
Japanse autoriteiten, gekleed in hoofd-tot-teen beschermende pakken, hielpen de Amerikanen naar het vliegveld in Tokio te vervoeren in een konvooi van 14 bussen.
Amerikanen Cheryl en Paul Molesky, een echtpaar uit Syracuse, New York, zeiden na het instappen: ‘Nou, we zijn uitgeput, maar we zitten in het vliegtuig en dat is een goed gevoel. Behoorlijk ellendig met deze maskers, en iedereen moest met de bus naar het toilet. “
Americans who evacuated the cruise ship are pictured boarding one of the two planes that took them back to the U.S.
Those Americans who chose to leave the Diamond Princess are seen in a chartered evacuation aircraft to fly back to the US
Phil Courter, a U.S. passenger on board the Diamond Princess cruise ship, wears a face mask on a chartered evacuation aircraft to fly back to the United States at Haneda airport in Japan
Health officials in protective suits are seen ferrying passengers to board the evacuation flights in Tokyo
American Sarah Arana, a 52-year-old medical social worker, said there were no health checks when they passed through a makeshift passport control.
She said the U.S. government should have acted ‘much sooner, at the beginning’.
‘I am happy and ready to go,’ Arana told AFP before leaving the ship. ‘We need a proper quarantine. This was not it.’
Across mainland China, officials said the total number of coronavirus cases rose by 2,048 to 70,548. That was slightly more new cases than were reported on Sunday, but hundreds fewer than reported on Saturday.
Chinese authorities say the stabilisation in the number of new cases is a sign that measures they have taken to halt the spread of the disease are having an effect.
However, epidemiologists say it is probably still too early to say how well the outbreak is being contained within China and its central Hubei province, where the virus first appeared.
China has responded to the COVID-19 virus by effectively locking down Hubei’s provincial capital Wuhan, a megacity of 11 million people.
Medical workers in protective suits attend to a patient inside an isolated ward of Wuhan Red Cross Hospital in Wuhan, the epicentre of the novel coronavirus outbreak
Medical staff members treating a patient infected by the COVID-19 coronavirus at the Wuhan Red Cross Hospital in Wuhan in China’s central Hubei province
Did coronavirus originate in Chinese government laboratory?
Chinese scientists believe the coronavirus may have started life in a research facility just 300 yards from the Wuhan fish market.
A new paper from the Beijing-sponsored South China University of Technology says the Wuhan Center for Disease Control (WHCDC) could have spawned the contagion in Hubei province.
The paper, penned by scholars Botao Xiao and Lei Xiao, claims the WHCDC kept disease-ridden animals in laboratories, including 605 bats.
It also mentions that bats – which are linked to coronavirus – once attacked a researcher and ‘blood of bat was on his skin.’
The report says: ‘Genome sequences from patients were 96% or 89% identical to the Bat CoV ZC45 coronavirus originally found in Rhinolophus affinis (intermediate horseshoe bat).’
It describes how the only native bats are found around 600 miles away from the Wuhan seafood market and that the probability of bats flying from Yunnan and Zhejiang provinces was minimal.
In addition there is little to suggest the local populace eat the bats as evidenced by testimonies of 31 residents and 28 visitors.
Instead the authors point to research being carried out withing a few hundred yards at the WHCDC.
One of the researchers at the WHCDC described quarantining himself for two weeks after a bat’s blood got on his skin, according to the report. That same man also quarantined himself after a bat urinated on him.
He also mentions discovering a live tick from a bat – parasites known for their ability to pass infections through a host animal’s blood.
‘The WHCDC was also adjacent to the Union Hospital (Figure 1, bottom) where the first group of doctors were infected during this epidemic.’ The report says.
‘It is plausible that the virus leaked around and some of them contaminated the initial patients in this epidemic, though solid proofs are needed in future study.’
Concerns remain about the global transmission, especially on cruise ships which appear to have become especially virulent breeding grounds.
Fears are growing for passengers on the Westerdam cruise ship, who all received a clean bill of health when they disembarked in Cambodia – a staunch ally of Beijing.
An 83-year-old American woman was stopped by authorities in Malaysia over the weekend when she was detected with a fever and later diagnosed with the virus.
There were more than 2,200 passengers and crew on the ship when it docked in Sihanoukville, many of whom have now dispersed around the globe.
With tourism battered and global supply chains disrupted by the virus, experts are fretting about the toll it could take on a fragile global economy.
IMF chief Kristalina Georgieva said there could be a cut of around 0.1-0.2 percentage points to global growth but stressed there was ‘still a great deal of uncertainty.’
Japan, one of the hardest-hit countries outside China irrespective of the Diamond Princess, suffered its biggest economic slump in more than five years – even before the coronavirus crisis. Gross domestic product in the world’s third-top economy shrank an eye-watering 1.6 percent in the three months to December – a much bigger contraction than economists had feared.
It comes after Chinese scientists revealed the deadly virus may have started life in a research facility just 300 yards from the Wuhan fish market.
A new bombshell paper from the Beijing-sponsored South China University of Technology says that the Wuhan Center for Disease Control (WHCDC) could have spawned the contagion in Hubei province.
‘The possible origins of 2019-nCoV coronavirus,’ penned by scholars Botao Xiao and Lei Xiao claims the WHCDC kept disease-ridden animals in laboratories, including 605 bats.
It also mentions that bats – which are linked to coronavirus – once attacked a researcher and ‘blood of bat was on his skin.’
The report says: ‘Genome sequences from patients were 96% or 89% identical to the Bat CoV ZC45 coronavirus originally found in Rhinolophus affinis (intermediate horseshoe bat).’
WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE DEADLY CORONAVIRUS IN CHINA?
Someone infected with the corona virus can spread it with just a simple cough or sneeze, scientists say.
It has now been confirmed that nearly 3,000 people have died with the virus and more than 80,000 people have been infected. This is what we know so far:
What is the corona virus?
A corona virus is a type of virus that can cause disease in animals and humans. Viruses break into cells in their host and use them to reproduce themselves and disrupt the normal functions of the body. Coronaviruses are named after the Latin word “corona”, which means crown, because they are enveloped by a pointed shell that looks like a royal crown.
The corona virus from Wuhan is one that has never been seen before this outbreak. It has been called SARS-CoV-2 by the International Commission on Taxonomy of Viruses. The name stands for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus 2.
Experts say the bug, which has killed about one in 50 patients since the outbreak in December, is a “sister” to the SARS disease that hit China in 2002, and is therefore named after it.
The disease that causes the virus is called COVID-19, which stands for coronavirus disease 2019.
Dr. Helena Maier of the Pirbright Institute said: “Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that infect a wide range of different types, including humans, cattle, pigs, chickens, dogs, cats, and wildlife.
“Until this new coronavirus was identified, there were only six different coronaviruses that are known to infect humans. Four of these cause a mild, common cold, but two new coronaviruses have emerged since 2002 that can infect people and lead to more serious illnesses (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) Coronaviruses) .
“Coronaviruses are known to occasionally jump from one species to another and that has happened in the case of SARS, MERS and the new coronavirus. The animal origin of the new coronavirus is not yet known. ”
The first human cases were publicly reported from the Chinese city of Wuhan, where around 11 million people live, after physicians first publicly reported infections on December 31.
On January 8, 59 suspected cases were reported and seven people were in critical condition. Tests were developed for the new virus and registered cases began to rise.
The first person died that week and on January 16, two were dead and 41 cases were confirmed. The next day, scientists predicted that 1,700 people were infected, possibly up to 7,000.
Only a week later there had been more than 800 confirmed cases and those same scientists estimate that around 4,000 – possibly 9,700 – had been infected in Wuhan alone. At that time, 26 people had died.
On January 27, more than 2,800 people were infected, 81 had died, and estimates of the total number of cases ranged from 100,000 to 350,000 in Wuhan alone.
On January 29, the number of deaths had risen to 132 and the number was more than 6,000.
On February 5, there were more than 24,000 cases and 492 deaths.
On 11 February this had risen to more than 43,000 cases and 1,000 deaths.
A change in the way in which cases are confirmed on February 13 – doctors decided to use lung scans as a formal diagnosis, as well as laboratory tests – caused a peak in the number of cases, to more than 60,000 and to 1,369 deaths.
On February 25, about 80,000 people were infected and about 2,700 died. February 25 was the first day of the outbreak when fewer cases were diagnosed in China than in the rest of the world.
Where does the virus come from?
Scientists say the virus almost certainly comes from bats. Coronaviruses generally tend to come from animals – the similar SARS and MERS viruses are thought to have originated in civet cats and camels, respectively.
The first cases of COVID-19 came from people who visited or worked in a live animal market in Wuhan, which has since been closed for investigation.
Although the market is officially a fish market, other dead and live animals were sold there, including wolves, salamanders, snakes, peacocks, porcupines and camel meat.
A study by the Wuhan Institute of Virology, published in February 2020 in the scientific journal Nature, showed that the genetic makeup virus samples found in patients in China are 96 percent identical to a corona virus found in bats.
However, there were not many bats on the market, so scientists say it was likely that there was an animal that acted like a middle man, pulling it out of a bat before handing it over to a human. It has not yet been confirmed what type of animal this was.
Dr. Michael Skinner, a virologist at Imperial College London, was not involved in the research, but said: “The discovery definitely explains the origins of nCoV in bats in China.
“We still don’t know if another species served as an intermediate host to strengthen the virus, and possibly even to bring it to market, nor what species that host could have been.”
Until now, the deaths are fairly low. Why do health experts worry so much about it?
Experts say that the international community is worried about the virus because so little is known about it and it seems to be spreading fast.
It is similar to SARS, which has infected 8,000 people and killed nearly 800 in an outbreak in Asia in 2003, in the sense that it is a type of corona virus that infects people’s lungs. However, it is less deadly than SARS, killing around one in 10 people, compared to around one in 50 for COVID-19.
Another cause for concern is that nobody has immunity to the virus because they have never encountered it before. This means that it may cause more damage than viruses we often encounter, such as the flu or a cold.
Dr. Peter Horby, professor at Oxford University, spoke during a briefing in January: “New viruses can spread through the population much faster than viruses circulating all the time because we have no immunity for them.
“Most seasonal flu viruses have a death rate of less than one in 1,000 people. Here we are talking about a virus for which we do not fully understand the severity spectrum, but it is possible that the mortality rate can go up to two percent. “
If the death rate is really two percent, it means that two out of every 100 patients who get it will die.
“My feeling is that it’s lower,” Dr. added. Horby. “We probably miss this iceberg of milder things. But that is the current condition in which we find ourselves.
“Two percent of the fatal cases are comparable to the Spanish flu pandemic in 1918, so it is a major concern worldwide.”
How does the virus spread?
The disease can spread between people, only through coughing and sneezing, making it a highly contagious infection. And it can also spread before someone has symptoms.
It is believed that it travels in the saliva and even through water in the eyes, therefore close contact, kissing and parts of cutlery or utensils are all risky.
It was originally thought that people would catch a market for live animals in the city of Wuhan. But soon cases occurred to people who had never been there, so doctors had to realize that it spread from person to person.
There is now evidence that it can spread the third hand – to someone from a person who has caught it from another person.
What does the virus do to you? What are the symptoms?
Once someone has caught the COVID-19 virus, it can take two to 14 days, or even longer, before he or she shows symptoms, but they can still be contagious during this time.
When and when they get sick, typical symptoms are runny nose, cough, sore throat and fever (high temperature). The vast majority of patients will recover without any problems and many do not need medical help at all.
In a small group of patients, who appear to be mostly elderly or people with long-term illnesses, this can lead to pneumonia. Pneumonia is an infection in which the inside of the lungs swells and fills with fluid. It makes it increasingly difficult to breathe and, if not treated, can be fatal and suffocate.
Figures show that young children do not appear to be particularly affected by the virus, which they consider to be special in view of their susceptibility to the flu, but it is not clear why.
What have genetic tests revealed about the virus?
Scientists in China have registered the genetic sequences of about 19 strains of the virus and released them to experts around the world.
This allows others to study them, develop tests and possibly look into the treatment of the disease they cause.
Research has shown that the coronavirus did not change much – change is known as mutating – much during the early stages of its spread.
However, the director general of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Gao Fu, said the virus mutated and adapted as it spread through people.
This means that efforts to study and possibly control the virus can be made extra difficult because the virus can look different every time scientists analyze it.
More research can show whether the virus first infected a small number of people and then changes and spreads, or whether there are different versions of the virus from animals that have developed separately.
How dangerous is the virus?
The virus has a death rate of around two percent. This is a similar death rate to the Spanish flu outbreak that killed around 50 million people in 1918.
Since the outbreak of the outbreak, experts have had conflicts about whether the actual number of infected people is significantly higher than the official number of registered cases. Some people are expected to have such mild symptoms that they never realize that they are sick unless they are tested, so only the more serious cases are detected, making the death toll appear higher than it actually is.
However, an investigation into government supervision in China showed that there was no reason to believe that this was true.
Dr. Bruce Aylward, a World Health Organization official who went on a mission to China, said there was no evidence that numbers only showed the tip of the iceberg, and the recording seemed to be accurate, Stat News reported.
Can the virus be cured?
The COVID-19 virus cannot be cured and it is difficult to contain.
Antibiotics do not work against viruses, so they are excluded. Antiviral drugs can work, but the process of understanding a virus and then developing and producing drugs to treat it would take years and huge amounts of money.
There is no vaccine for the coronavirus yet and it is unlikely that a vaccine will be developed in time that could be useful in this outbreak for similar reasons as above.
The National Institutes of Health in the US and Baylor University in Waco, Texas, say they are working on a vaccine based on what they know about coronaviruses in general, using information from the SARS outbreak. But this can take a year or more to develop, according to Pharmaceutical technology.
Currently, governments and health authorities are working to control the virus and care for patients who are sick and prevent them from infecting other people.
People who contract the disease are quarantined in hospitals, where their symptoms can be treated and they are away from the uninfected public.
And airports around the world are implementing screening measures, such as having doctors on site, measuring people’s temperature to monitor fever, and using thermal screening to detect those who may be sick (infection causes an elevated temperature).
However, it can take weeks for the symptoms to appear, so there is only a small chance that patients will be noticed at an airport.
Is this outbreak an epidemic or a pandemic?
The outbreak is an epidemic when a disease occurs in a community, such as a country or region.
Although it has spread to dozens of countries, the outbreak has not yet been classified as a pandemic, which is defined by the World Health Organization as the “global spread of a new disease.”
Dr. Sylvie Briand, head of global contagious preparation for contagious dangers, said: “We are not currently in a pandemic. We are in the phase where it is an epidemic with multiple foci and we are trying to put an end to the transmission in each of these foci, “the Guardian reported.
She said that most of the cases outside of Hubei were “flooded” from the epicenter, so the disease did not spread actively around the world.