Camp Beauregard, Louisiana
National Guard training facility. Initially called Camp Stafford. Renamed Confederate General PGT Beauregard in 1917
Beauregard was an inspector at West Point when his native Louisiana seceded in 1861, but stopped to join the rebels, firing the first shots at Fort Sumter and commanding them at Shiloh. He advised surrender in 1865. Unusually argued for integration at a later age.
Fort Benning, Alabama / Georgia
“Infantry house.” Named in 1917 after plantation owner Henry L. Benning, who argued for an 1849 secession, and scolded “black governors, black lawmakers, black juries, all black.” Not a military experience, but rose to General and was one of the last to surrender at the Appomattox Court House ceremony.
Fort Bragg, North Carolina
Home of Special Operations Command. Named for General Braxton Bragg when it opened in 1918
Slave owner, former US Army officer, who joined the Confederates and rose to General, but oversaw a series of defeats, culminating in Chattanooga when he resigned. Widely loved by his men for his short temper and obsession with discipline; historians have said that his losses were an important part of Grant’s victory.
Fort Gordon, Georgia
Base for Army Signal Corps and Cyber Corps. Named for Major General John Brown Gordon when it opened in 1917
Despite no military training, Gordon rose to major general, based on personal courage and tactical ability. Conducted the final assault of the Northern Virginia military into Appomattox. Generally – but not definitively – recognized as the leader of the KKK in Georgia, then governor of the reconstruction and senator. Died in 1904, praised as ‘the living embodiment of the Confederacy’.
Fort AP Hill, Virginia
Training and maneuvering center. Named for General AP Hill when it opened in 1940
Hill was an army officer who stopped shortly before Virginia seceded and immediately joined forces. Distinguished Brigadier and Division Commander, but blamed as Commander of the Third Corps for part of the defeat of Gettysburg and leading the rebels’ withdrawal. Killed in action a week before the Southern Surrender, after saying he did not want to survive the Confederacy.
Fort Hood, Texas
Headquarters of III Corps. Named at the opening in 1942 for General John Bell Hood
Kentucky-born Hood resigned from his army commission and volunteered for the Confederates in Texas, quickly became brigadier general but failed as an army commander, and was released from his command after his defeat in Nashville.
Fort Lee, Virginia
Headquarters of the Combined Arms Support Command. Named at 1917 opening as camp for General Robert E. Lee
Slave owner Lee, the military’s most brilliant officer, declined a Union order to join the rebels despite opposition. He achieved victories in the Seven Days Battles and the second Bull Run, but led the rebels to the crucial defeat at Gettysburg. Grant held back from complete victory and then personally surrendered to Appomattox as Commander in Chief. After the war, the end of slavery supported but said that black people were “not intelligent.”
Fort Pickett, Virginia
National Guard training site. Named after Major General George Pickett when it opened in 1941
Growing up on a plantation, Pickett resigned from his army commission a month after joining the Confederacy. Most famous for the Pickett’s Charge massacre that led to a defeat at Gettysburg, he also ordered 22 Union soldiers executed after a defeat in New Bern, North Carolina. Fled to Canada for a year after the Confederate’s defeat fearing he would be prosecuted for the crime. His wife’s hagiography of him was an important part of the ‘Lost Cause’ movement of the 1890s – which itself led to the Southern names of the bases.
Fort Polk, Louisiana
Home of the Joint Readiness Training Center. Named at opening in 1941 for General (and Bishop) Leonidas Polk
Polk quit a short military career to become an episcopal priest, but it was estimated that he had 400 slaves in the 1850s. So short of secession that he established a Southern Church, his brief military experience earned him the command of Major General. Led forces in a series of defeats including Shiloh and was considered an evil tactician who disliked those he led. Killed by shellfire in Atlanta after being personally noticed by Sherman.
Fort Rucker, Alabama
Home to the Army Aviation Center of Excellence. Renamed from Ozark Triangular Division Camp in 1942 for Brigadier General Edmund Rucker
Rucker volunteered as a private person and quickly got up and played a key role in the Southern victory Chickamauga, however, was captured and released in a prisoner exchange organized by Nathan Bedford Forrest. Was with Forrest when Union prisoners were systematically slaughtered in Pillow Hill, and worked with him after surrender when Forrest founded the KKK.