Nine teething problems, granules and pills sold in the main street contain alcohol, sugar and a potentially dangerous anesthetic, research has shown.
A Public Health Wales dentist asked the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) to review the 14 pediatric diseases licensed in the UK.
Of these, nine were found to contain common sugar sucrose, alcohol or controversial anesthesia lidocaine.
The dentist warns that sugar can cause tooth decay, while exposure to alcohol is linked to poor sleep, reduced brain development and poor motor function in babies.
Twenty-two adverse events, including deaths, have occurred in the US due to lidocaine at a concentration of two percent.
The study found that the anesthetic occurs in concentrations ranging from 0.33 to one percent in six childhood diseases.
A review by Public Health Wales and the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency found that Bonjela Teething Gel contains (photo) alcohol. An expert warns that exposing babies to alcohol can influence their brain and motor development and make crying worse
Helios ABC 30C pills (photo) is a homeopathic remedy that contains regular sugar sucrose. This is fermented in the mouth to form acid, which can then spoil sensitive milk teeth
|Teething product||Design, style||License type||sucrose||Alcohol||Lidocaine|
|Ashton and Parsons & # 39; Infant Powders||HERBAL||HERBAL||NO||NO||NO|
|Boots teething pain relief||GRAINS||HOMEOPATHIC||NO||NO||NO|
|Teetha Teething Granules from Nelson||GRAINS||HOMEOPATHIC||NO||NO||NO|
|Weleda Chamomilla 3X pellets||GRAINS||HOMEOPATHIC||YES||YES||NO|
|Camilia oral solution||SOLUTION||HOMEOPATHIC||NO||NO||NO|
|Helios ABC 30C pills||PILL||HOMEOPATHIC||YES||NO||NO|
|Teetha Teething Gel from Nelson||GEL||HOMEOPATHIC||NO||YES||NO|
|Fennings Oral cooling for children||POWDER||FULL||NO||NO||NO|
|Boots bite 3 months Plus||GEL||FULL||NO||NO||0.60%|
|Bonjela tooth gel||GEL||FULL||NO||YES||0.33%|
|Bonjela Junior Gel||GEL||FULL||NO||YES||0.50%|
|Dentinox Tooth gel||GEL||FULL||NO||YES||0.33%|
|Calgel Tooth gel||GEL||FULL||NO||YES||0.33%|
& # 39; Parents who purchase teething problems to save babies from distress will not always realize that they are offering their children sugars, alcohol or lidocaine, & # 39; said Mick Armstrong, president of the British Dental Association.
& # 39; Buying a licensed product must provide confidence that you are making a safe choice. The reality is that consumers are navigating through a minefield of potentially harmful ingredients.
& # 39; We need to see real changes in the way these products are licensed and marketed, and clear guidelines so that parents understand the risks.
& # 39; If your little one is suffering, a teether that is kept cool in the fridge is all you need. & # 39;
Dentist Nigel Monaghan noted an increase in parents who asked for advice on teething problems, he wrote in the British Dental Journal.
He contacted the MHRA, which provided details of all products approved for childhood diseases in the UK. The body was also asked about potentially harmful ingredients.
Teething granules and pills are licensed as homeopathic or herbal products. All gels, with the exception of Teetha Teething Gel from Nelson, have full product licenses.
Half of the 14 products were found to contain alcohol, while two contained sucrose, the British Dental Journal reported.
Weleda Chamomilla 3X granules homeopathic remedy contains both sugar and alcohol as ingredients and is therefore & # 39; the biggest concern & # 39 ;.
Consuming sugar puts children at risk of tooth decay, Dr. warned. Monaghan. Baby teeth are particularly sensitive due to their enamel and dentin with a lower mineral content.
When sugar in the mouth is fermented to acid, teeth lose minerals and decay begins.
& # 39; The use of sucrose as a childhood disease is unwise, both with regard to the short-term risk of acid attacks on the teeth and with regard to a child developing a sweet tooth, & # 39; wrote Dr. Monaghan.
Regarding alcohol content, he warns that a baby's brain is only 30 percent larger than that of an adult, with & # 39; a significant development (occurring) between birth and the age of three & # 39 ;.
Even consuming low doses of alcohol through breast milk is associated with & # 39; an increased tendency to cry and poor sleep & # 39 ;.
Babies exposed to alcohol are also said to be at higher risk of low blood sugar and motor development.
& # 39; Products with alcohol should be avoided & # 39 ;, Dr. Monaghan wrote. & # 39; Teething diseases are available that contain neither sugar nor alcohol & # 39 ;.
Dentinox tooth gel (photo) contains alcohol and the controversial lidocaine anesthetic in a concentration of 0.33 percent. Twenty-two adverse events, including deaths, have occurred in the US due to lidocaine at a concentration of two percent
In addition to alcohol, Anbesol Teething Gel (photo) contains one percent lidocaine
Six of the products contain lidocaine. This happens at a concentration of 0.33 percent in three of the gels.
It is also in Bonjela Junior Gel for 0.5 percent, Boots Teething Gel 3 months Plus for 0.6 percent and Anbesol Toothpaste gel for 1 percent.
The 22 serious side effects in the US were linked to incorrect dosing or accidental intake.
& # 39; The risk of an overdose of lidocaine will be greater for the products with the higher concentration of lidocaine & # 39 ;, Dr. Monaghan wrote.
& # 39; It seems sensible to send parents away from using lidocaine-containing products and especially the stronger ones, to minimize the risk of overdose. & # 39;
The MHRA announced in December that teething problems containing lidocaine will only be available under the supervision of a pharmacist and should only be used if other measures have not provided relief.
The agency states that teething gel and powder & # 39; lack of evidence of effectiveness & # 39 ;.
Dr. Monaghan emphasizes that this & # 39; is not the same as proof of ineffectiveness & # 39 ;. However, he wonders: can a product without proof of effectiveness be considered as a product that works well?
Behind the study, he calls on health officials to provide & # 39; simple and consistent advice & # 39; about children's products for new parents.
A spokesperson for the MHRA said that none of the products it has licensed contain sucrose. The two products that contain sugar are classified as homeopathic.
He added that alcohol prevents products from spoiling, is present at very low levels and can help active ingredients penetrate into the gums & # 39 ;.
& # 39; To help babies & children with teething problems, parents and caregivers should try non-medicinal options, such as rubbing or massaging the gums or a teether, & # 39; said the spokesman.
& # 39; If you suspect that your child has experienced a side effect from a medicine, report it through our Yellow Card Scheme. & # 39;
Weleda Chamomilla 3X granules (left) is a homeopathic remedy that contains sugar and alcohol, while Teetha Teething Gel (right) mentions alcohol as an ingredient
What can you do to prevent teething problems?
Plastic teethers – which are for sale in the supermarket and pharmacists – can be useful, especially when it comes to sore gums.
Rubbing their gums with a clean finger or a damp gauze can also relieve their pain.
Giving your baby a dummy can also help because they can use it to calm themselves.
You can also try self-care products, including dental gels such as Bonjela and Teejel, or paracetamol syrup.
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