States that voted for President Joe Biden in the 2020 election experienced significantly greater declines in total employment during the pandemic than those for Donald Trump, a new analysis shows.
Between February and December last year, states that went for Biden saw the total number of employed people drop by an average of 6.2 percent, versus a 2.5 percent drop in those who voted for Republican, according to an analysis by federal DailyMail.com. job data. .
The 13 states that saw the lowest employment decline all leaned strongly Republican, led by Alaska and Utah, which actually saw employment increase by 0.7 and 0.3 percent, respectively.
At the other end of the spectrum, 13 of the 14 states with the greatest pandemic job losses went for the Democratic candidate, led by Nevada with a 10.2 percent job loss and Hawaii at 9.3 percent.
This graph shows the development of the employed civilian labor force between February and December 2020, by state
To write for Reason magazine, Matt Welch examined a slightly different data set, but came to a similar conclusion.
What explains this biased pattern in COVID-era job reports? Certainly not the virus itself. Hawaii isn’t just the leader of the job losses; it is also the state with the least pandemic mortality, ”he wrote. “New York ranks third in job losses, second in mortality.”
Welch points the finger at the dramatic variation in the way states deal with pandemic restrictions on businesses and school closures.
“The blue state governors in California and New York and Michigan have been much stricter in stopping economic and physical activities than their red state counterparts in Florida, South Dakota and Texas,” he wrote.
The relative death toll is about the same (tracks in California with Florida, New York with South Dakota and Michigan with Texas); the economic performance is anything but, ”he added.
People wait in line, resume in hand, waiting to apply at an outdoor recruitment event for the Circa resort and casino in Las Vegas last week
Certainly, there are other possible explanations for the widespread inequality in economic performance between red and blue states.
Red states tend to be more rural, with a different employment mix, including more industries such as agriculture and mineral exploration, which continued rapidly through the pandemic.
The job-loss leaders, Hawaii and Nevada, both have economies heavily reliant on tourism, which essentially halted much of last year when air travel slumped.
However, Florida, which also relies on tourism but has a Republican governor, performed significantly better than Hawaii and Nevada, with job losses of 6.3 percent, comparable to largely rural Vermont.
People lined up last month for a newly reopened personal appointment career center in Louisville, Kentucky. Partial differences are evident in data on job losses
And in swing states, job losses may affect voting decisions, rather than the other way around.
Voters who have experienced more economic hardship may have been more eager for a change in governance, which has left them swinging against incumbent Trump.
Nationally, the US unemployment rate was 6.7 percent last December, up from 3.5 percent when the pandemic started.
States that divided their votes at the electoral college were considered to be in the column of the candidate who garnered the majority of the votes of the electoral college there.