Singapore, India and China are among top 10 countries ‘significantly’ more affected by both toxic pollution and climate change, study warns
- Researchers analyzed public dataset for toxic pollution and climate change risk
- They found that there was a clear link between the two global climate problems
- Places with high levels of toxic pollution were less able to adapt to global warming
- Poorer countries in Africa and Southeast Asia proved the least able to adapt
- China, India and Singapore were the most adaptable of the hardest hit
India, China and Singapore are on a list of the ten countries “significantly” more affected by toxic pollution and climate change, scientists warn.
A new analysis of public datasets from 176 countries revealed a significant link between climate risk and the impact of toxic pollution in countries around the world.
Researchers from the University of Notre Dame in Indiana found that if a country is at risk from toxic air pollution, it will be more difficult to adapt to global warming.
They say this is partly due to poorer countries having more relaxed environmental regulations, or being subject to the damaging influence of foreign companies.
This puts billions at risk, as the top third of the ‘risk countries’ represent two thirds of the world’s population – mainly poorer countries in Africa and Southeast Asia.
They found that of those most at risk, Singapore, Rwanda and China were in the best position to make changes, such as stricter environmental policies, to reduce the risk.
Researchers from the University of Notre Dame in Indiana found that if a country is at risk from toxic air pollution, it will be more difficult to adapt to global warming
TEN COUNTRIES MOST RISK OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND TOXIC AIR POLLUTION
Researchers have compiled a top ten ‘target list’ of countries most at risk from climate change and toxic air pollution.
These are in order of those best able to address the problem by imposing stricter environmental regulations to purify their air.
- Solomon Islands
- Republic of Korea
The researchers came up with a top ten list of countries most at risk from climate change — and the countries best equipped to reduce their risk from pollution.
In addition to Singapore, Rwanda and China, India, the Solomon Islands, Bhutan, Botswana, Georgia, the Republic of Korea and Thailand were also discussed to make the necessary changes needed to offset the risk of climate change.
This is one of the first studies to examine the relationship between these two risks from pollution and climate change, scientists said.
The authors said enormous work had previously been done to understand the magnitude and distribution of risks from climate change and pollution separately.
“We wanted to know if the spatial distribution of these two types of environmental risks is comparable and unfortunately our results show that in general it is,” they said.
Climate change and toxic pollution interact to create even worse problems, such as global warming, increasing heat-related illness and death.
They also work to increase the toxicity of material that contaminates various natural environments, scientists said.
The study authors added that demographic, environmental and social factors at work are interlinked and show broader patterns of inequality.
Physical geography, environmental policy and enforcement capacity, and external factors such as businesses benefiting from reduced regulation play a role in increasing the risk these poorer countries face, the authors explained.
Addressing these environmental impacts may require a more detailed assessment of each country, as risks vary widely within areas.
The data used in this study does not include all forms of damage or potential risk from toxic pollution and climate change, only those measured in the initial data sets.
They say the risk is partly due to poorer countries having more relaxed environmental regulations, or being subject to the damaging influence of foreign companies.
But the immediate findings clearly point to the need to collectively address the effects of pollution and climate change globally, the team said.
Previous research has also shown that low-income countries are at greater risk than high-income countries from toxic pollution and climate change.
This new study was published in the journal PLOS ONE.
THE PARIS AGREEMENT: A GLOBAL AGREEMENT TO LIMIT TEMPERATURE RISES THROUGH CARBON EMISSION REDUCTION TARGETS
The Paris Agreement, first signed in 2015, is an international agreement to control and mitigate climate change.
It hopes to keep the rise in global average temperature below 2°C (3.6ºF) “and make efforts to limit the rise in temperature to 1.5°C (2.7°F)”.
It seems the more ambitious goal of limiting global warming to 1.5°C (2.7°F) may be more important than ever, according to previous research claiming 25 percent of the world will see a significant increase in drier climates. circumstances could see.
In June 2017, President Trump announced his intention that the US, the world’s second largest producer of greenhouse gases, would withdraw from the agreement.
The Paris Agreement on Climate Change has four main goals in terms of reducing emissions:
1) A long-term goal to keep the increase in global average temperature well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels
2) Strive to limit the increase to 1.5°C, as this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change
3) Governments agreed on the need to peak global emissions as soon as possible, recognizing that it will take longer for developing countries
4) To then make rapid reductions in accordance with the best available science