WHAT IS A PULMONAL LOBECTOMY?
A lung lobectomy is the surgical removal of a cancerous or diseased part of the lung, instead of the entire organ.
The procedure is performed if only a part of the lung is unhealthy.
When sick tissue is isolated to only part of the lung, it means that it is either pre-cancerous or in the early stages of cancer.
Removing the cancer-healthy, diseased, infected or suspicious part of a lung prevents whatever is in the disease from spreading to the rest of the organ – or beyond.
Surgeons make an incision, usually starting at the nipple and continuously round back, ending under the shoulder blade.
They can then enter the lungs between the ribs. Sometimes a guided camera is used instead to make the intervention less drastic.
HOW THE LUNGEN WILL CONTINUE WORKING IF A SECTION IS REMOVED
Each pair of lungs has a total of five lobes: three in the right and two in the left lung.
The lungs have multiple lobes as a kind of fail-safe system, so that if one lobe is damaged, the rest can continue to breathe. In modern medicine, the organs can continue to function after a portion has been removed to stop the spread of the disease.
The lungs are remarkably regenerative.
When a section or lobe is removed effectively and without complications, the rest of the organ can continue to function normally.
CHIRGES REMOVE ONE LOVE FROM THE LONG OF RBG
Only one of the five lobes of the lungs of Ruth Bader Ginsburg was removed (or resected) during.
Surgeons cut the lower of the two lobes of the left lung of the right.
When examining the removed tissues, they found two & nbs; nodules & # 39; – suspicious pieces of tissue that did not match the rest of the organ.
Sometimes these are harmless or benign. Other times nodules are cancer or malignant. Pathologists must test the tissue after it has been removed to find out.
The two nodules in the lung of Justice Ginsburg were malignant or cancerous.
But after inspection of the rest of her lungs, there were no signs of other nodules or cancers – good news, which means that they contracted the disease very early.
THE RISK & # 39; S (AND BENEFITS) OF A LUNG LOBECTOMY
Lung lobectomies are invasive surgeries and the risks & # 39; s and number of complications vary. Women usually have better than men.
The possible complications are considerable. They contain:
- A pleural space that can lead to lung collapse
- An air leak
- Pus develops in the chest cavity
- Moisture accumulation between the lung and chest wall
After surgery, most are dependent on a ventilator for a few days, although some may find it difficult to breathe longer without assistance.
Most complications tend to resolve themselves.
But some, such as chest pain, can linger. Approximately half of the patients undergoing lobectomias report persistent pain.
The advantage is that between 85 and 95 percent of people with lobectomy to prevent the spread of cancer will survive the next five years.