Hundreds of Offerings to the Ancient Egyptian Goddess Have Been Found in a 3,500-Year-Old Garbage Dump

As a woman who lived in Egypt’s golden age, Hatshepsut was not destined for kingship.

She was forbidden by her family to ascend the throne, even though she was of royal descent.

The gods of Egypt had supposedly decreed that the king’s role could never be filled by a woman and although a pharaoh needed a queen to rule with him, she could never rule alone – although there were notable exceptions later on.

Hatshepsut refused to submit to this, claiming to get around the rule that she was married to the king of the gods and therefore had just as much right to sit on the throne as any previous pharaoh.

Her brutal approach worked, and she let herself go around 1473 BC. crowns, changing her name from the female version Hatshepsut – meaning the Chief of the Noble Ladies – to the male version, Hatshepsu.

As a woman who lived in Egypt's golden age, Hatshepsut (pictured) was not destined for kingship.  She was forbidden by her gender to ascend the throne, even though she was of royal descent

As a woman who lived in Egypt’s golden age, Hatshepsut (pictured) was not destined for kingship. She was forbidden by her gender to ascend the throne, even though she was of royal descent

She strengthened her power by decorating the temples of the gods with portraits of herself in the traditional kilt of the pharaoh, with all his symbols of office, including the black pointed royal beard.

While she looked after affairs of state, surrounded by male courtiers, she may have even wore men’s clothes.

However, previously found statues show that early in her reign she liked form-fitting dresses that showed off her figure and it is said that she had a habit of putting her ministers to bed.

Hatshepsut was the first but not the only female ruler of male-dominated ancient Egypt.

Nefertiti followed her and then Cleopatra took power 1500 years later, but neither took the title of pharaoh like Hatshepsut.

She showed ruthless ambition and exceptional tenacity for the time in which she lived.

As a result, this mysterious and courageous female ruler rewrote the early story of her country and is called the first great woman in history.

Hatshepsut maintained that she had been officially named heir to the throne by her father, the pharaoh Thutmose I.

The pharaoh had several sons who predeceased him and turned to his daughter to protect the throne.

What followed immediately was not uncommon. Hatshepsut married a much younger half-brother, also called Thutmose, whereupon she became queen.

Sibling marriages were the custom at the time and initially the couple ruled together.

But then her brother/husband died, markings on his mother indicating that he was suffering from a horrible skin disease.

Hatshepsut became regent for another Thutmose, her husband’s son by a harem girl. By now she was not content to be just regent.

Within two years she had taken all power for herself and ruled the country from the capital Thebes, clad in her false beard and all the traditional regalia of kingship.

For years, she and her stepson seemed to have lived happily with this arrangement.

She ruled while Thutmose concentrated on his military career. He was so successful that historians know him as the Napoleon of Egypt.

Historians suspect that these campaigns were an excuse to escape the influence of his merciless stepmother.

She became so power-crazed in her final years that Thutmose even feared for his life.

During his absence, Hatshepsut built in honor of her breathtaking temples. They were decorated with reliefs telling how she came to the throne of Egypt and far-fetched tales of her divine connections.

Hatshepsut ruled for twenty years as a master politician and stateswoman.

She died of cancer around age 50, according to recent research, and she is expected to be buried in her most beautiful and famous temple near the Valley of the Kings.

But it seems that Thutmose III has his own back on the woman who usurped his throne and buried her in a lesser location.

He outlived Hatshepsut by 40 years and appears to have started a campaign to erase her name from history.

He threw her images into the quarries in front of the great temples she built and even defaced the images of her courtiers.

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