Gestational diabetes increases a child's risk of type 1 or 2

Children whose mothers developed diabetes during pregnancy are nearly TWO times more likely to suffer from the condition

  • Gestational diabetes increases the later risk of a baby on type 1 or 2 to 77%
  • Research could help young patients to be diagnosed before they suffer from complications
  • A quarter of young patients are diagnosed with lethal ketoacidosis treatment

Young people whose mothers developed diabetes during pregnancy are nearly twice as likely to suffer from the condition, research suggests.

A study found that the children of women who fight the form of pregnancy are up to 77 percent more likely to have type 1 or 2 diabetes before the age of 22.

Although it is unclear why this is happening, the researchers emphasize that the findings could help young patients diagnose before they develop deadly complications.

Young people whose mothers developed diabetes during their pregnancy are nearly twice as likely to suffer from the disease, research by McGill University (stock) suggests

Young people whose mothers developed diabetes during their pregnancy are nearly twice as likely to suffer from the disease, research by McGill University (stock) suggests

The research was conducted by McGill University in Montreal and led by Dr. Andrea Blotsky, a doctor for internal medicine.

Diabetes affected 422 million people worldwide in 2014, according to the World Health Organization. Approximately 90 percent of adult patients have type 2.

More than 90 percent of childhood diabetes in Canada is type 1, the researchers wrote in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin.

While type 2 is defined as the loss of the body's ability to respond to insulin and that it involves carrying too much weight.

Early detection of diabetes in children is important because about a quarter of these patients are only diagnosed when they develop life-threatening diabetic ketoacidosis, the researchers wrote.

This happens when the body cannot produce enough insulin, causing the fat to break down as fuel. This leads to an accumulation of acids called ketones in the bloodstream.

Having a parent with type 1 or 2 diabetes is linked to a child who develops either of these conditions. However, the role of gestational diabetes was unclear.

Gestational diabetes occurs when a woman's body cannot produce enough insulin to meet the additional needs of pregnancy. It usually disappears after birth. Figures estimate that one in five women will get gestational diabetes during pregnancy.

WHAT IS GESTATIONAL DIABETES?

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that affects pregnant women, usually during the second or third trimester.

Women with gestational diabetes do not have diabetes before their pregnancy. It usually goes away after birth.

It occurs when the hormones produced during pregnancy make it difficult for your body to use insulin properly, which increases your risk of insulin resistance.

The treatment focuses on managing blood sugar levels through diet, exercise and sometimes medication.

Women can significantly reduce their risk of developing gestational diabetes by managing their weight, eating healthily and staying active.

Figures estimate that one in five women will get gestational diabetes during pregnancy.

Source: Diabetes UK

To uncover a link between the conditions, the researchers used public health data to compare the long-term outcomes of babies born between 1990 and 2007 with 73,180 mothers in Quebec.

Half of these women had gestational diabetes and the rest did not.

The young pigeons were followed until March 2012 to determine whether they developed child or adolescent diabetes.

The results showed that babies of mothers with gestational diabetes were 77 percent more likely to get diabetes themselves from birth to 22 years old.

And they were 43 percent more likely to develop the condition between the ages of 12 and 22.

This remained the same after adjustment for factors such as birth weight, maternal deprivation and other autoimmune diseases that the mother may have.

& # 39; We show that gestational diabetes can also be a risk indicator for type 1 diabetes in the mother's children, & # 39; study author Dr. Kaberi Dasgupta – from the departments of internal medicine, clinical epidemiology and endocrinology and metabolism – said.

& # 39; We found a child or a teenager whose mother had gestational diabetes nearly twice as likely to develop type 1 diabetes before the age of 22. & # 39;

The researchers hope that their study will encourage doctors to consider diabetes if a child develops the indicators and their mother suffers from the condition during pregnancy.

Symptoms may include: inexplicable weight loss, fatigue, passing an abnormal amount of urine, and excessive thirst.

Future studies should investigate why there is a link between gestational diabetes and diabetes in children, the researchers add.

They should also look at whether childhood diabetes is more serious in young people whose mothers were pregnant with the disease.

Dr. Jan Hux, president and CEO of Diabetes Canada – who funded the study – added: & # 39; This study is important because we are trying to understand risk factors for type 1 diabetes.

& # 39; This study may lead to a greater tendency for healthcare providers to quickly test children with typical diabetes complaints and who were born to mothers with gestational diabetes.

& # 39; Thereby reducing the risk of serious incidents such as diabetic ketoacidosis.

& # 39; We look forward to improving the lives and outcomes of children through more research in this area. & # 39;