The second wave of coronavirus in Britain shot off a handful of minor outbreaks across the UK, forcing entire cities back on lockdown within two months, according to a series of heat maps showing just how quickly the outbreak has evolved.
Covid infections fluctuated in most of the country at 10 cases per 100,000 people in late August, before increasing after millions of Britons moved to beaches and rental properties to make the most of the summer after being locked up at home for months.
In early September, infections broke through the 200 cases per 100,000 barrier for the first time in Bolton – one of the UK’s Covid-19 hotspots. The virus then quickly spread across the north of England, with government heatmaps illustrating the stark north-south divide.
In response to the rising cases, ministers urgently introduced national measures such as the 6 pm rule on September 14 and the 10 pm curfew on September 26, as well as strengthened local lockdown restrictions in an effort to keep the lid on the spiral cases. to lay – but with limited success.
Only four local authorities in England registered more than 400 cases per 100,000 on September 30, but by October 14 this had more than quadrupled to 16. The disease then started to pick up in London and the South West – which had previously escaped a major resurgence. . .
Boris Johnson then imposed England’s three-tier lockdown system on October 14 to tighten the measures even further. Scotland announced its own five-tier system nine days later. Wales and Northern Ireland have both opted for ‘firebreak’ lockdowns to cope with the increase in infections, and Scotland has imposed time-limited restrictions on the central areas.
The UK government has not yet imposed a second full nationwide lockdown, despite calls from parts of the scientific community to set it for half the term.
According to data from Public Health England, infections are already decreasing in the hotspots of Newcastle, Nottingham, Liverpool and Manchester. But as the total number is still very high, the reversal has yet to show up on the Department of Health heatmaps.
This map shows how coronavirus infections in the UK have risen in two months from mid-August, with most areas registering less than 10 cases per 100,000 people, to this day where the virus has risen in the north of England, Northern Ireland – and infections in Glasgow, parts of Wales and London, too
The map on the left is the current situation, based on the most recently available data, for the week ended October 21. The two reflect the situation in the UK before (right) and after (left) the Tier system was introduced
These maps reflect the situation in the UK after the 6 and 10 pm curfew rule was introduced in England
These maps represent the situation in the UK before the decision to impose nationwide measures was taken
In which areas are the largest outbreaks of Covid-19?
KEY: Location, rate of increase (change in cases per 100,000 people from the week ending October 12 to the week ending October 18) and rate for the week ending October 18. This box uses data up to October 18, as that is the last date for which data is available.
Knowsley-8.7 percent in a week, 639.7 per 100,000
Nottingham, -36.7 percent in a week, 586.7 per 100,000
Liverpool, -19.3 percent in a week, 549.4 per 100,000
Blackburn with Darwen, 22.9 percent in a week, 548.4 per 100,000
Rochdale, 10.6 percent in a week, 475.2 per 100,000
Salford, 20.4 percent in a week, 469.8 per 100,000
Oldham, 17.4 percent in a week, 448.7 per 100,000
Wigan, 7.9 percent in a week, 440 per 100,000
Bolton, 27.6 percent in a week, 427.8 per 100,000
Barnsley, 51.8 percent in a week, 424.9 per 100,000
The maps, created from Public Health England’s number of infection cases, particularly highlight the uneven distribution of the second wave – with infections rising across the north of England while remaining much lower in the south.
As of September 16, as many as 20 areas in the north of England registered more than 100 new cases per week per 100,000 people, with none in the south.
But in early October, only six local authorities in the north – Carlisle, Copeland, Allerdale, Eden, Richmondshire and Scarborough – registered fewer than 100 cases per 100,000.
In comparison, only ten London boroughs and six local authorities registered more than 100 weekly cases per 100,000 people in the south at the same time.
They also show how, although most of the UK was yellow – that is, fewer than 10 cases per 100,000 – the virus spread rapidly in mid-August.
In September, pockets of blue – indicating more than 100 cases per 100,000 – began to pop up in the major population centers of Manchester, Cardiff and Newcastle.
These progressed rapidly over the surrounding areas, as cases in the centers continued to rise to purple, or more than 400 cases per 100,000.
And in early October, blue hotspots also started to appear in London, Glasgow and Northern Ireland.
On the latest map, there are no more yellow areas – or places where fewer than 10 cases per 100,000 are recorded – anymore.
The average number of cases for England was 181 cases per 100,000 people in the week ending October, an increase of 10.8 percent.
And while the number of infections in London has increased, it remains below average due to the much larger outbreaks in the north.
Where were the biggest increases in infections?
KEY: Location, rate of increase (change in cases per 100,000 people from the week ending October 12 to the week ending October 18). This box shows areas where the number of cases has increased by more than 50 percent.
This box uses data up to October 18, as that is the last date for which data is available.
Telford and Wrekin: 68.5 percent (81.2 to 136.8 per 100,000)
Stoke-on-Trent: 56.8 percent (118.2 to 185.3 per 100,000)
Barnsley writes: 51.8 percent (279.9 to 424.9 per 100,000)
Slough: 46.4 percent (92.3 to 135.1 per 100,000)
Doncaster: 41.6 percent (218 to 308.8 per 100,000)
Luton: 37.7 percent (89.7 to 123.4 per 100,000)
Isle of Wight: 36 percent (17.6 to 24 per 100,000)
Thurrock: 35.9 percent (75.1 to 102.1 per 100,000)
Southend-on-Sea: 33 percent (48.1 to 63.9 per 100,000)
Herefordshire: 31.5 percent (37.9 to 49.8 per 100,000)
However, despite the rising numbers of cases, MailOnline’s analysis of Public Health England data published last week reveals that percentage increases in infections across the country are slowing down – in a sure sign that the second wave is nearing its peak.
Nearly half of all local authorities in England – 69 out of 149 municipalities – registered decreases in their coronavirus infection rates in the week ending September 25.
It also showed that only three regions registered peaks greater than 50 percent – 12 times less than the week before, when 36 recorded the marked increases.
Data from last week showed that as many as 41 municipalities saw their infection rates drop, but this number has been updated by PHE to show that only four actually saw a decrease.
Nonetheless, the lower numbers in general represent a possible turnaround with infections – as Tier 3 restrictions, including the closure of gyms, pubs and bars, seem to finally keep the virus at bay.
The rise in infections despite restrictions will be seen as justifying calls for tougher lockdown restrictions to be introduced by some – with Labor demanding a half-term ‘firebreak’ in England.
But ministers are likely to argue that their measures are working, saying that coronavirus infections would have risen much faster in many more areas without the measures being imposed.
Health Minister Matt Hancock argued two weeks ago that the three-pronged strategy was “science-led” and would “protect lives and livelihoods” while preventing a wave of infections.
Liverpool, Greater Manchester, Lancashire, Warrington, Nottingham and South Yorkshire are all in Tier 3.
London, the North East, Essex and areas of the North West and Nottinghamshire are in Level 2.
West Yorkshire is thought to be possibly the next region to move to Tier 3 restrictions.
This is the state of the infections when the UK moved from the summer to the beginning of the autumn period
During the summer, and after a prolonged national lockdown, many areas in the UK had fewer than 10 cases per 100,000
Infection levels in the UK were low as the country basked in the glorious summer weather
West Yorkshire may be next to move to level three, affecting 1.8 million people. If dumped into level three, it would follow neighbors South Yorkshire, Lancashire and Greater Manchester