A former military castle that experts thought served as a gateway to protect the eastern border of Egypt against the Persians, was excavated 2,600 years ago.
Discovered in North Sinai, the fort is thought to date from 664-610 BC in the Psamtik era – the last before the Persian invasion in 525 BC.
Photos released from the excavation reveal a number of items, including metal arrowheads, stone daggers, and statuettes.
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An Egyptian archaeological mission has discovered the remains of a military castle (pictured) dating from the Psamtik era from 664-610 BC in the province of North Sinai
The building was discovered by an Egyptian archaeological mission and is dated almost three millennia ago, a hundred years before the Persian invaded Egypt.
According to Hussein, there have been serious attacks that have destroyed most buildings.
The remains indicate two castles on the site and it is thought that the main castle with 16 towers was built on the structure of an unfinished construction.
During the digging work some rooms were found for the soldiers who had to secure the castle.
Mostafa Waziri, Secretary General of the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities, said in a statement: & # 39; The mud-built castle from the 26th dynasty is historically the oldest & # 39 ;,
He added that the 85-meter-long southern wall of the castle was built on a structure of another, not yet completed, castle.
Discovered in North Sinai, the fort is believed to date from 664-610 – the Psamtik era – the last before the Persian invasion in 525 BC. The photo above shows metal arrowheads discovered during the excavation of the castle in Sinai
The remains of two castles were found and it is thought that the main castle with 16 towers was built on the structure of an unfinished structure that was there before. The above photos & # 39; s released by the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities shows an aerial photos & # 39; s of the excavation
In a post on Facebook by the Ministry of Antiquities, the government agency said it had a tower that was previously on the northeast corner and the remains of the southeast corner tower, as well as parts of a southern wall.
& # 39; So far the excavation work has been completed to discover the remains of architectural installations in the castle & # 39 ;, said the post.
& # 39; This is the historic castle that the mission unveiled on the eastern wall in 2008 and built on the ruins of this castle, another castle previously unveiled on the site. & # 39;
The Psamtik era that lasted from 664-610 BC was also known as the 26th Dynasty, after which a battle led by the Persian King Cambyses II defeated the army of Psamtik III in the Battle of Pelusium, a city on the eastern border of Egypt
Photos released from the excavation revealed a number of items, including metal arrowheads, stone daggers, and figurines (pictured). The castle was discovered by an Egyptian archaeological mission and is dated almost three millennia ago
The castle stood a hundred years before the Persian invasion of Egypt in 525 BC and could have acted as a main gate that guarded the eastern border of the country. Stone daggers (pictured) and statuettes were also revealed in the excavation in North Sinai
Discovered in North Sinai (photo), the fort is believed to date from the Psamtik era (664-610). King Psamtik III lost the battle in the city of Pelusium and was later executed by the invading Persians.
The excavation revealed two castles at the same location with the later castle that built 16 towers on an unfinished construction. The occupation of Egypt, which began in 525 BC, expanded the Persian empire, which was shown with purple above it, from what is now Turkey to Afghanistan
After only six months on the throne, Psamtik II went into battle with the Persian invasion led by King Cambyses II.
The Persians crossed the Sinai with the help of the Arabs, where the battle took place at the Pelusium.
The Egyptian army withdrew to Memphis, the traditional capital near Cairo. Cambyses besieged the Sinai and conquered it, and seized Psamtik III.
The former king was treated well initially, but he was later executed for a plot against the Persians.
The Persian empire extended to a vast area that encompasses contemporary Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkey, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and which lasted from the 6th century BC to the 20th century AD.
WHAT WAS THE 26TH DYNASTY OF EGYPT?
The Psamtik dynasty – known as the 26th dynasty – ruled Egypt between 664BC to 525BC.
The rule of Psamtik I, II and III was the last era of Egyptian rule before Egypt was occupied by the Persians.
King Psamtik I ruled Egypt from 664-610 before Christ and Egypt regained stability after years of political unrest and returned to its former artistic glory.
The king also encouraged a policy of large property assets at temples by the wealthy nobility.
During his reign, the king expelled the Assyrians from Egypt and united the country, and founded the 26th Dynasty.
Psamtik II reigned during the Late period (664-332 BCE) of ancient Egypt, which carried out an important expedition against the kingdom of Kush, the southern neighbor of Nubia of Egypt.
Psamtik III, was the last king to reign from 526-525 BCE in the 26th Dynasty during the late period of ancient Egypt.
He failed to block the Persian invasion of 525 and was later executed for treason.
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