President Xi Jinping warned Tuesday that no one can dictate the economic development path of China & # 39; while the Communist Party 40 years of its historical & # 39; reform and opening policy & # 39; marked during a severe challenge of the United States.
In a speech in the grand Great Hall of the People, Xi promised to continue with economic reforms, but made it clear that Beijing will not deviate from its one-party system or take orders from any other country.
Without referring directly to the United States, Xi said that China posed no threat to any country, but warned that it would not be supplanted.
Chinese President Xi Jinping applauds at a celebrations meeting on the occasion of the fortieth anniversary of China's Reform and Access Policy & # 39; in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on Tuesday. He warned that no one can & & # 39; dictate the economic development path of China.
Chinese President Xi Jinping, bottom row middle, speaks at a conference commemorating the fortieth anniversary of China's reform and opening up policy in the Great People's Hall in Beijing on Tuesday
No one can dictate to the Chinese people what should or should not be done, & # 39; the most powerful leader in China since Mao Zedong faithfully told the party.
We must resolutely reform what must and can be changed, we must resolutely not reform what can not and can not be changed. & # 39;
Although Xi promised more reforms, he did not offer any specification. The US and Europe have long been complaining about obstacles to fully enter the massive China market, while Chinese companies are benefiting from the advantages of open Western economies abroad.
We actively promote the construction of an open world economy, build a community of human destiny, promote the transformation of the global governance system, are clearly against hegemony and power politics, & # 39; said Xi, referring to Chinese geopolitical ambitions.
China is increasingly approaching the center of the world stage and becomes a recognized builder of world peace, a contribution to global development and a defender of the international order. & # 39;
Chinese president Xi Jinping arrives for a speech in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing
Without referring directly to the US, Xi said during the conference on Tuesday that China & # 39; is not a threat & # 39; for any country but warned that it would not be supplanted. Above, US President Donald Trump and Xi attending a working dinner after the G20 summit in Argentina on December 1
The commemoration of the reforms that took place under the leadership of Denn Xiaoping, the late supreme leader on December 18, 1978, came when China was trapped in diplomatic spatters and a bloody trade war with the United States.
The rivals have agreed to a 90-day cease-fire while trying to find a solution, where the US is trying to reduce the huge trade deficit, as well as deeper reforms in China to stop the alleged intellectual property theft.
The reforms in China have taken hundreds of millions of people out of poverty and turned the country into the second largest economy in the world.
But it is currently facing a debt mountain and a slowing economy, which has grown by 6.9 percent last year and the government is expected to decline to about 6.5 percent this year.
Tuesday's ceremony included awarding medals to more than 100 people recognized by the party as key contributors to the development of the country, from people involved in rural reform and poverty reduction to China's richest man, Alibaba founder Jack Ma and retired NBA legend Yao Ming.
Deng & # 39; s reforms continued with collectivization in Maoist style that depleted the country and left behind.
Tuesday's ceremony included awarding medals to more than 100 people recognized by the party as key contributors to the country's development, including retired NBA legend Yao Ming (center) and the richest man in China, Alibaba founder Jack Ma
In the forty years that Deng Xiaoping the & # 39; reform and opening policy & # 39; has introduced, China has undergone an economic transformation
The poverty rate among the rural population fell last year from 3.1 percent to 40 percent last year to 3.1 percent.
China now has 620 billionaires in the world with 620, according to Hurun Report, publisher of the magazine in Shanghai.
But the economic transformation has not changed the political system controlled by the Communist Party, with the authorities protesting harshly against the Tiananmen protests in 1989 and activists complaining about a deterioration of human rights in recent years.
& # 39; There is a very stark contrast to the spirit of Deng leadership 40 years ago. If there is one thing that is missing, it gives up the ghost's emancipation, "said Professor of Political Science in Hong Kong, Baptist University, Jean-Pierre Cabestan to AFP.
Now they simply limit the minds of the people and the party members … it is as if China is heading in a different direction than reforming. & # 39;
Xi's speech paid lip service to the idea of reform, but without concrete plans, it indicates divisions within the leadership about how to deal with the trade war and other political situations, Cabestan added.
Difference indicators that show the spectacular transformation of China in the past 40 years
The southern city of Shenzhen was still a fishing village when the reforms started in the late 1970s
The trade war could be an opportunity for China to bring about more changes, said Beijing-based political analyst Wu Qiang, who described the current system as state capitalism under a one-party dictatorship, or party-led capitalism. ;
& # 39; If the Communist Party is smart enough, it can transform it into the beginning of a second reform and break open and change the role of the party and the state, & # 39; Wu said.
When the party carried out the reforms under Deng, China still suffered famine and came out of the Cultural Revolution, a period of intense social and political upheavals launched by Mao.
This new & # 39; revolution & # 39; began in the countryside, where authorities unlinked land and dismantled communities, but it quickly spread to cities.
Fearing a hostile power base in economically powerful Shanghai, Deng chose the far south of the country as a guinea pig for his reforms.
Southern cities, including Shenzhen, which is adjacent to Hong Kong and still a fishing village, were designated as the first special economic zones of China, becoming power plants and models for the rest of the country.