Wormholes are no shortcut through space-time, scientists now say: research claims that traveling in one of the portals would take longer than other routes
- New research suggests that wormholes do exist, but are not major forms of transit
- Earlier the wormholes were considered as jumps between time and space
- Researchers say that confused black holes in the space are equal to wormholes
- The study also helps further science on quantum gravity and other riddles
There is good news for fans of time-bending science fiction and, according to new research, there is bad news.
The good news is that wormholes, which have been famously theorized in the course of history and depicted as a shortcut between time and space, are indeed to exist.
The bad news, however, is that they are probably not viable forms of immediate transit.
& # 39; It takes longer to get through these wormholes than to go immediately, so they are not very useful for space travel, & # 39; said the author of a new Harvard University study, Daniel Jafferis.
Science fiction writers may need to reconsider their use of black for instant travel after new research.
Wormholes have long been offered by Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity, but have yet to be observed by scientists.
Jafferis & # 39; statements about wormholes come from analyzing a hypothetical problem involving two black holes that are entangled at a quantum level, the ER = EPR, a correspondence created by joining two of Einstein & # 39; s theories.
This relationship was established in 2013 by Juan Maldacena from the Institute for Advanced Study and Lenny Susskind from Stanford.
According to the conclusions of Jafferis – which will be presented later this month at an American Physical Society meeting – the link between the two entangled black holes that exist in space is actually shorter than the wormhole connection.
& # 39; From the outside perspective, traveling through the wormhole is equivalent to quantum teleportation using entangled black holes & # 39 ;, Jafferis said.
Although the study may exclude the efficacy of traveling through wormholes, the results represent a blessing for quantum physics theories.
First, the research examines my light on how light can travel through a wormhole and helps create a unified view of quantum gravity – a cult of theoretical physics that can describe gravity through quantum mechanics.
Although a new study excludes some theories about wormholes, it has also enriched other thinking surrounding quantum mechanics.
Secondly, according to Jafferis, the work could help solve what is known as the black hole information paradox that places quantum mechanics against Einstein's general relativity.
In general, the theory postulates what happens to matter once it is sucked into black holes – does it disappear or become unknown somewhere?
& # 39; I think [the research] will teach us profound things about gauge / gravity correspondence, quantum gravity and maybe even a new way to formulate mechanics, & Jafferis said
WHAT IS QUANTUM ENTLELEMENT?
In quantum physics entangled particles remain connected, so that actions performed by one influence the behavior of the other, even if they are separated from each other by enormous distances.
This means that if you measure, & # 39; up & # 39; for the spin of one photon from a confused pair, the rotation of the other, measured a moment later, & # 39; down & # 39; – even if the two are on either side of the world.
Entanglement occurs when a part of the particles interacts physically.
In quantum physics entangled particles remain connected, so that actions performed by one influence the behavior of the other, even if they are separated by great distances from each other (artist & # 39; s impression)
A laser beam fired by, for example, a certain type of crystal can cause individual light particles to be split into pairs of entangled photons.
The theory that so confused Einstein is also called & # 39; ghostly remote action & # 39; called.
Einstein was not happy with the theory, because it suggested that information could travel faster than light.