It is the age-old & # 39; battle between the sexes & # 39; – who will take control of the office thermostat and lead his opponents to eternal discomfort?
At least, that's how women see the problem, where men are more likely to approach internal temperature settings as compromises than as a win / lose scenario.
That is the conclusion of researchers from the US, who discovered that women are more often left uncomfortable in climate-controlled houses and offices.
The reason comes down to the way in which discussions about temperature are framed – with hostility that is less likely to lead to cost-effective compromises in thermostat settings.
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It is the age-old & # 39; battle between the sexes & # 39; – who will take control of the office thermostat and lead his opponents to eternal discomfort? At least, that's how women see the problem, where men are more likely to approach internal temperature settings as compromises than as a win / lose scenario
& # 39; Women may lose the thermostat battle & # 39 ;, said paper author and behavioral expert Nicole Sintov of Ohio State University.
& # 39; A woman can regard a conflict as a man a compromise. & # 39;
& # 39; The fact that we also found that women felt more uncomfortable in our study suggests that the thermal environment did not meet their needs. & # 39;
The researchers discovered that when differences of opinion arose about the temperature, it was more likely that thermostat adjustments were made after agreements and compromises.
In contrast, conflicts were associated with fewer temperature changes.
& # 39; It seems that if you disagree with someone about thermal comfort – and what you want to do to mitigate that – the thermostat will change less quickly, & # 39; said Professor Sintov.
Good night: being tired can increase the sensitivity to colder temperatures in the environment
& # 39; There are some downsides for those involved in conflicts because you have two or more people who are already uncomfortable, and you now also have interpersonal conflicts, which is uncomfortable. & # 39;
One in four married couples in the United Kingdom admits that they have rows over temperature control, making it the most important domestic dispute alongside arguments about the chores.
Men prefer a colder house, while women turn up the heat. Physiologists say that the skin sensors of women are twice as receptive as those of men, which means that they absorb small changes in temperature.
Earlier this year, a German team increased efforts in the battle for air conditioning in the office by discovering that women's brains work better at higher temperatures.
A problem that is frequently discussed on social media is a woman who works in an office and needs a sweater. Air conditioning in the office is often set to a temperature that women find cool.
Now Professor Sintov and colleagues have identified three types of interactions around thermostat settings – agreement, compromise, and conflict.
Men reported temperature changes as compromises or agreements, while women usually describe them as conflicts
The study published in PLOS ONE is based on an analysis of these skirmishes between household members in a sample of 112 Ohio couples and families.
Men reported them as compromises or agreements, while women usually describe them as conflicts.
Prof Sintov's work focuses on understanding consumer behavior with regard to energy consumption, such as installing solar panels on a house or buying a hybrid car.
In many cases, these decisions follow discussions between two or more adults of different genders.
She said: & # 39; Here we use the thermostat as an example. This is an everyday behavior. & # 39;
& # 39; Most households have one thermostat and several residents, and through a negotiation process, because we all have different thermal comfort preferences, a thermostat setting is chosen. & # 39;
& # 39; That has not been investigated before, how people deal with an energy decision in a household. This is a starting point. & # 39;
The participants completed a survey and gave daily diary notes for up to two weeks on decisions and behaviors related to the thermostat.
One person was selected to represent all the residents in the house and there were at least two people living in each household – who needed an adjustable thermostat.
The survey measures individuals' preferences for warm or cool environments, attention to monthly energy bills and whether the house had a programmable thermostat – and if so, whether it was programmed.
If the thermostat was programmed, this did not affect whether a household adjusted the thermostat.
Prof. Sintov said: & # 39; It's counter-intuitive. You would assume that they would stick to the program and make fewer adjustments. & # 39;
Every night, participants were reminded to prepare their diaries and answer two questions.
They include & # 39; Have you or anyone else in your household adjusted the thermostat in your home today? Which adjustments have been made and by whom? & # 39; and & # 39; Others in your house may have different thoughts about how hot or cool it is in the house. Tell us about any related discussions that you have had. & # 39;
Three interaction types popped up in the analysis agreement when two or more occupants agreed on their comfort level and a related decision on the thermostat; compromise, when the interaction started with disagreement but resulted in agreement; and conflict, when residents disagreed at the beginning and end of the discussion.
Previous research has suggested that women have a slower metabolic rate, which means that the formula used to set temperatures at workplaces, developed decades ago based on men's comfort, can overestimate women's body heat production by 35 percent.
A recent study showed that at colder temperatures, men scored higher than women on verbal and math tests. But as a room got warmer, women's scores rose considerably.
Women prefer rooms at 77 degrees Fahrenheit on average, while men feel comfortable at 71 degrees.
WHY FEMALE ORGANS LOSE MORE EASY
Female hormones, smaller body size and lower metabolism are all factors that contribute to women's heat loss.
Women have a higher surface / volume ratio than men and are quicker to repel heat.
They have less heat-generating muscle mass and usually get colder around menstruation.
The most important thing is that women are better at maintaining their internal core temperature than men, most likely for reproductive reasons, to keep a developing fetus warm.
As a result, when the ambient temperature drops, a woman's blood circulation will divert blood from her skin and limbs.
A man's core temperature will simply drop slightly and he will not be aware of any change.
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