Women are more likely to die if they have a heart attack

Women die more often if they have a cardiac arrest in public & # 39; because people fear that CPR applies to them, it can be seen as an assault & # 39;

  • Cardiac arrest occurs when the heart suddenly stops pumping blood
  • Approximately 68% of women with cardiac arrest received CPR from a spectator
  • For comparison, the figure was 73% for men, according to Dutch experts
  • They warned bystanders that they don't expect women to get heart problems

Women are less likely than men to get life-saving resuscitation in a public space if they suffer from cardiac arrest, research suggests.

Dutch scientists found 73 percent of the men who had received public cardiac arrests CPR from a spectator – but only 68 percent of the women did.

Fear of touching a woman's breast can be seen as sexual harassment preventing people from restarting their hearts, scientists say.

An expert commenting on the survey also claimed that bystanders might be afraid of & # 39; vulnerable & # 39; to harm women by performing CPR.

Dutch researchers warned bystanders that they do not expect women to have heart problems and that early signs are easier to recognize in men

Dutch researchers warned bystanders that they do not expect women to have heart problems and that early signs are easier to recognize in men

The researchers warned that people are less likely to realize the seriousness of a woman's condition and perhaps to realize more slowly that they need help.

This can lead to delays in calling in the emergency services, which hinders the chances of survival of female patients.

The British Heart Foundation said the finding that women are seven percent less likely to get CPR from a member of the audience, & # 39; worrying & # 39; used to be.

Cardiac arrest occurs when the heart suddenly stops pumping blood through the body. They are more serious than heart attacks.

Figures show that every year more than 30,000 cardiac arrests take place outside of the hospital in the UK, compared to 355,000 in the US.

Researchers from the University of Amsterdam analyzed 5,717 heart attacks outside the hospital in a part of the Netherlands between 2006 and 2012.

They found that about 12.5 percent of the women who had been resuscitated survived being released from the hospital, compared to 20 percent of the men.

HOW TO GIVE REANIMATION

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (resuscitation) can be used to restart a person's heart when it is stopped.

CPR may only be used in an emergency situation if someone is unconscious and is not breathing.

People without CPR training must adhere to hands-only chest compressions, the NHS says.

To perform a chest compression:

Place the heel of your hand on the sternum in the middle of a person's chest. Place your other hand on top of your first hand and grab your fingers together.

Place yourself with your shoulders above your hands.

Use your body weight (not just your arms), press straight down with 5-6 cm (2-2.5 inches) on their chest.

Hold your hands on their chest, release the compression, and return the chest to its original position.

Repeat these compressions at a speed of 100 to 120 times per minute until an ambulance arrives or you become exhausted.

Source: NHS

The researchers suggested that this was probably due to delays in calling an ambulance and starting CPR in women.

Main author Dr. Hanno Tan said: & # 39; Given the short window available to save the patient's life, every minute in this early phase counts.

& # 39; Help, if only a call to the emergency number by a layman is crucial. & # 39;

& # 39; People may be less aware of the fact that cardiac arrest occurs so often in women than in men, and the women themselves may not recognize the urgency of their symptoms.

& # 39; Women may have symptoms of impending heart attack that are less easy to interpret, such as tiredness, fainting, vomiting, and neck or jaw pain. & # 39;

He added that men are more likely to report typical complaints such as chest pain.

Dr. Sarah Perman, an assistant professor of Emergency Medicine at the University of Colorado School of Medicine, offered another explanation for the finding.

She said similar studies have shown that there is excessive sexualization of the female body. However, she was not involved in the study.

Dr. Perman added a lot of hesitation to give CPR if there is an idea that they are doing something wrong that was seen as assault or intimidation.

She said that people think that a woman has just fainted, and said that many people are afraid of causing injury because women are more vulnerable.

Sara Askew, head of survival at the British Heart Foundation, said: & This new insight is particularly worrying.

& # 39; We already know that women who have had a heart attack will be less likely to be cured.

& # 39; Now it seems that the case is the same for women with cardiac arrest.

& # 39; Regardless of gender, the overall chance of a cardiac arrest outside the hospital is shockingly less than one in ten.

& # 39; Every minute that passes without resuscitation and defibrillation reduces the chance of survival by up to 10 percent. & # 39;

Mrs. Askew added that this is & # 39; why knowing how to perform CPR is essential and doing something is always better than doing nothing & # 39 ;.

The research was published in the European Heart Journal.

WHAT IS A CARDIAC JUDGMENT?

Cardiac arrest occurs when the heart suddenly stops pumping blood around the body, which is usually due to a problem with electrical signals in the organ.

Because of this, the brain is starved by oxygen, causing patients not to breathe and lose consciousness.

In the UK, more than 30,000 cardiac arrests take place outside the hospital for a year, compared to more than 356,000 in the US.

Cardiac arrest is different from heart attacks, the latter occurring when blood flow to the heart muscle is interrupted by a clot in one of the coronary arteries.

Common causes are heart attacks, heart conditions and heart muscle inflammation.

Drug overdose and losing a large amount of blood can also be to blame.

Giving an electric shock through the chest wall through a defibrillator can restart the heart.

In the meantime, CPR can circulate the oxygen around the body.

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