Within the Chinese capital of rare earths

Chinese state media have the & # 39; capital of rare earth & # 39; of the country because Beijing threatens to stop exporting natural resources to the United States in the midst of a trade war between the two countries.

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Photos of Bayan Obo, one of the world's largest deposits of rare earth metals, were shared yesterday by multiple public stores, including the Global Times.

The newspaper gushed & # 39; hard power & # 39; to display photos of the mine in Baotou in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

Welcome to Baotou! The northern industrial city 90 minutes from Beijing by air is known as the & # 39; capital of rare earth & # 39; in China

Welcome to Baotou! The northern industrial city 90 minutes from Beijing by air is known as the & # 39; capital of rare earth & # 39; in China

The center of the trade war: Beijing has threatened to use rare earth as a weapon against Trump, putting Baotou in the spotlight

The center of the trade war: Beijing has threatened to use rare earth as a weapon against Trump, putting Baotou in the spotlight

The center of the trade war: Beijing has threatened to use rare earth as a weapon against Trump, putting Baotou in the spotlight

National interest: Baotou has China & # 39; s first rare earthenware factory and is now home to & # 39; the world's largest supplier of rare earths
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National interest: Baotou has China & # 39; s first rare earthenware factory and is now home to & # 39; the world's largest supplier of rare earths

National interest: Baotou has China & # 39; s first rare earthenware factory and is now home to & # 39; the world's largest supplier of rare earths

Baotou, a northern industrial city 90 minutes from Beijing by air, is known as the & # 39; capital of rare earth & # 39; in China.

Rare earths are a group of 17 chemical elements used in hospital scanners, nuclear power plants, LED lights, etc.

Between 2014 and 2017, China represented 80 percent of the imports of rare earth metals to the United States.

With a population of 2.7 million, Baotou has been an important manufacturing center in the country since the 1950s, when China & # 39; s Community Party tried to develop its rare earth industry.

It is responsible for more than half of the rare earth metals mining and production output in China and has deposits of at least 100 million tonnes, according to Baotou Daily.

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It is also known for its steel industry.

Glorious history: with a population of 2.7 million, Baotou has been an important production center in the country since the 1950s

Glorious history: with a population of 2.7 million, Baotou has been an important production center in the country since the 1950s

Glorious history: with a population of 2.7 million, Baotou has been an important production center in the country since the 1950s

Flagship manufacturer: it is responsible for more than half of the mining and production output of rare earth metals in China

Flagship manufacturer: it is responsible for more than half of the mining and production output of rare earth metals in China

Flagship manufacturer: it is responsible for more than half of the mining and production output of rare earth metals in China

Abundant resources: the Bayan Obo region in the city has a depot of at least 100 million tonnes according to Baotou Daily
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Abundant resources: the Bayan Obo region in the city has a depot of at least 100 million tonnes according to Baotou Daily

Abundant resources: the Bayan Obo region in the city has a depot of at least 100 million tonnes according to Baotou Daily

Washington wants to reduce US dependence on China and the US Department of Defense has submitted a report

Washington wants to reduce US dependence on China and the US Department of Defense has submitted a report

Washington wants to reduce US dependence on China and the US Department of Defense has submitted a report

It all started with one factory group.

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Bao Steel was founded in 1953 to produce ferro-silicon, an alloy of iron, silicon and rare earth metals. When it was first established, it was kept as a national secret and soldiers would guard factory gates to prevent civilians from entering.

China has achieved its breakthrough in rare earth mining in 1984 thanks to a team of researchers from the Baotou Research Institute of Rare Earths, who have successfully extracted seven rare earth elements from the soil in the Bayan Obo region.

Those elements include Lanthanum, essential for making batteries; Europium, which is used in mercury lamps; and Gadolinium, commonly used in X-ray scanners, according to China Rare Earth Net.

Before it all started: on November 28, 2010, there are workshops in a rare earth mine in the Bayan Obo mining area

Before it all started: on November 28, 2010, there are workshops in a rare earth mine in the Bayan Obo mining area

Before it all started: on November 28, 2010, there are workshops in a rare earth mine in the Bayan Obo mining area

China made its breakthrough in the mining of rare earth metals in 1984 after experts in Baotou had won seven rare earth elements
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China made its breakthrough in the mining of rare earth metals in 1984 after experts in Baotou had won seven rare earth elements

China made its breakthrough in the mining of rare earth metals in 1984 after experts in Baotou had won seven rare earth elements

Daily use: these elements include Lanthanum, essential for making batteries; Europium, which is used in mercury lamps

Daily use: these elements include Lanthanum, essential for making batteries; Europium, which is used in mercury lamps

Daily use: these elements include Lanthanum, essential for making batteries; Europium, which is used in mercury lamps

Part of the Bao Steal later became Northern Rare Earths, the largest suppliers of rare earth in China.

In addition to Baotou, the city of Ganzhou in Guizhou Province in southern China is known for its deposits of rare earth minerals.

Chinese President Xi Jinping visited the JL MAG Rare-Earth Co. last week. Ltd. in Ganzhou, as the media reported. This led to speculation about the Beijing plan to use the chemical elements in the American trade war.

China hinted yesterday that the trade war with the US could lead to real war with a coded warning because it threatened to stop the export of essential & # 39; rare earth & # 39; minerals – a group of 17 chemical elements that become used in hospital scanners, nuclear power plants and LED lighting.

Bayan Obo (photo), one of the world's largest deposits of rare earth metals, was stimulated by state media yesterday

Bayan Obo (photo), one of the world's largest deposits of rare earth metals, was stimulated by state media yesterday

Bayan Obo (photo), one of the world's largest deposits of rare earth metals, was stimulated by state media yesterday

Influence on Beijing: part of the Bao Steal later became Northern Rare Earths, the largest suppliers of rare earth in China
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Influence on Beijing: part of the Bao Steal later became Northern Rare Earths, the largest suppliers of rare earth in China

Influence on Beijing: part of the Bao Steal later became Northern Rare Earths, the largest suppliers of rare earth in China

The city of Ganzhou in Guizhou Province in southern China is known for its deposits of rare earth minerals and Baotou.

The city of Ganzhou in Guizhou Province in southern China is known for its deposits of rare earth minerals and Baotou.

The city of Ganzhou in Guizhou Province in southern China is known for its deposits of rare earth minerals and Baotou.

A commentary in People's Daily, the mouthpiece of China's ruling Communist Party, said: "Don't say we didn't warn you!" – what a diplomatic term usually reserved by Beijing as a sign of the start of armed warfare.

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The day before, Hu Xijin, editor-in-chief of Global Times, said that Beijing is seriously considering & # 39; to rare earths like & # 39; trump & # 39; against Trump.

& # 39; It will certainly make the US feel pain in a real sense & # 39 ;, said Hu via his account on Twitter Weibo.

The Pentagon responded yesterday and said the US Department of Defense had submitted a report to Congress on rare earth minerals, because Washington is striving to reduce US dependence on China.

Although the Pentagon did not provide details of the report, it said it was linked to a federal program that was intended to strengthen domestic production capabilities through customized & # 39; customized & # 39; provide economic incentives.

China is & # 39; the world's largest exporter of rare earths and produces more than 95 percent of the chemical elements used worldwide, or 120,000 tons per year.

RARE EARTH ELEMENTS: WHAT ARE THEY AND WHAT DO THEY DO?

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There are 17 & # 39; rare earths & # 39; minerals. They are actually quite abundant, but difficult to extract – and when mined, they are valuable for their use in some of the developments that the modern world depends on, including making fiber optic cables, lasers, nuclear reactors and X-ray machines .

Here are the minerals – and some of their uses

Scandium. Found in aerospace alloys and xenon headlights of cars

Yttrium. Used in energy efficient light bulbs, spark plugs and cancer treatments

Lanthanum. Found in camera lenses, battery electrodes, and catalysts used in oil refineries

Cerium. Used in self-cleaning ovens and industrial polishers

Praseodymium. Used in lasers and lighters

Neodymium. Used in electric motors for electric cars, hi-tech capacitors

Promethium. Found in luminous paint

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Samarium. Used in the control rods of nuclear reactors, lasers and atomic clocks

Europium. Used in fluorescent lamps, MRI scanners

Gadolinium. Found in computer memory chips, steel, X-ray machines

Terbium. Used in sonar systems on naval vessels, fuel cells on hi-tech cars

Dysprosium. Used in hard drives and lasers

Holmium. Used in mass spectrometers by hospitals and forensic scientists

Erbium. Used in chemical industry catalysts and in batteries designed to store energy for the electricity grid

Thulium. Found in portable X-ray equipment and lasers

Ytterbium. Used in stainless steel, treatment of thyroid cancer and monitoring of earthquakes

Lutetium. Used in LED light bulbs, oil refining and medical PET scans

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