Which Medications Cause Tooth Decay


Tooth decay is a widespread condition that can come about even when you are leading a healthy life. Detecting such a condition in its early stages can be difficult for many who are not familiar with its initial symptoms. The best thing to do is always ensure you follow the right procedures that will keep you free from decay. Most people opt for fluoride varnish treatment which is essential in strengthening your enamel and keeping you free from decay.

Deep cleaning is the other procedure many undergo to stay free from the condition. Decay comes about when plaque, a tough, sticky film forms on your teeth. Plaque harbors bacteria responsible for causing tooth decay by utilizing sugar from the foods and beverages you consume. This leads to the production of acid that wears out your teeth. Through deep cleaning, your dentist will get rid of plaque buildup from your teeth. They will also perform a polishing procedure that involves the use of prophy paste to leave the surface of your teeth smooth.

You should look for a wonderful dental clinic to undergo different procedures that keep your teeth free from decay. Dental decay can come about when trying to keep your body healthy. A perfect example is when taking certain prescription drugs. You may fall ill at one time or the other, and this will force you to seek treatment. Doctors will recommend certain medicines to help with your recovery. Using certain drugs can expose you to tooth decay and other medical conditions. Let’s have a look at them and how this can happen.

Medications That Cause Tooth Decay

Prescription medication is usually intended to treat certain conditions. However, this may turn out differently because certain drugs can affect your dental health by subjecting you to conditions such as tooth decay. You will come across certain medications that contain high sugar content. Sugar is responsible for causing tooth decay because it links up with bacteria to produce acids that wear out your teeth.

Some medications leave your mouth dry, which is another leading cause of tooth decay. The chances of bacteria building up on your teeth are much higher when your mouth is dry. This is because there is no saliva which plays a crucial role in keeping bacteria off your teeth. You should familiarize yourself with the different drugs that can cause tooth decay to know how you can regulate their use. The following are medications that cause tooth decay.


These are drugs meant to treat different types of allergies. They are considered the best for such treatments. Antihistamines work by blocking histamine receptors to minimize allergic reactions. This may affect other parts of the body, and your mouth is one of them. You will not produce enough saliva. This can make your mouth dry up. The chances of getting tooth decay are high as a result.

Cough Syrup

It is another prescription medication that can subject you to tooth decay. This medication is meant to relieve coughing, running nose, and sneezing that came about as a result of common cold. This type of syrup is highly acidic and contains high levels of fructose corn syrup and sucrose which contribute to tooth decay.


This is a class of drugs meant for pain treatments. It consists of illegal drugs such as heroin and other legal, over the counter drugs such as codeine, morphine, and OxyContin. They work by blocking opioid receptors, essential for pain treatment. This can also affect other parts of your body like the mouth, and it will result in dryness. The chances of experiencing tooth decay are much higher when your mouth is dry.


Antacids are a group of drugs meant to neutralize stomach acid. Ingredients contained in them such as sodium bicarbonate, magnesium, calcium, and aluminum neutralize the acid in your stomach. You are likely to get tooth decay when you experience acid reflux. The acid produced can wear out your teeth when it reaches your mouth. Most antacids also contain sweeteners or sugars that can easily damage your teeth.

Blood Pressure Drugs

There are different types of drugs meant to combat blood pressure. Examples include Beta-blockers, Diuretics, ACE inhibitors, Alpha-blockers, Alpha-2 Receptor Agonists, and Calcium channel blockers. They all have similar side effects and can leave you with a dry mouth. You are at high risk of experiencing tooth decay whenever you use them.

Antidepressant Drugs

Antidepressants are drugs meant to relieve depression, anxiety disorders, mild chronic disorders, and many more. Common drugs that fall under this category include vilazodone, sertraline, paroxetine, fluoxetine, and citalopram. Antidepressants affect your bone health, and this puts you at a high risk of developing tooth decay. They also cause dryness of the mouth, which also leads to the same condition.


It is an antibiotic meant to treat a wide range of conditions like malaria, cholera, and brucellosis. This type of medication can cause staining of the teeth in both young and old. If taken during pregnancy, it can make infants develop stained teeth. It invades calcium that helps in teeth development when the baby is in the womb. The condition can be seen when the first teeth emerge. You should avoid the drug to make your young one develop healthy teeth and stay free from dental decay.

Tooth Decay Treatment and Prevention Options

You can take quick measures to prevent your condition from deteriorating when you start developing tooth decay after using these medications. The following are treatment and prevention options for tooth decay. 

Brushing and Flossing

Brushing and flossing regularly will keep your teeth in good shape and prevent further damage. These practices help to get rid of different factors that harbor bacteria on your teeth. The toothpaste you intend to use should contain fluoride which is vital in keeping your teeth stronger and preventing further damage. You should also make sure that this practice is carried out after every meal or twice a day. Flossing is essential for the removal of food remains and other substances from the spaces between your teeth. This is an area you cannot reach using your toothbrush. Floss at least twice a week to keep your teeth healthy and free from decay. 

Dental Checkups

You should also go for regular dental checkups to have your teeth examined and know the extent of the damage. As indicated earlier, detecting this condition can be a difficult task during the early stages. Dentists have state of the art tools that can be used to check your teeth. They can also perform different procedures that will help restore your condition. A common procedure you are likely to undergo is deep cleaning. It involves the removal of plaque and other dirt that increase your chances of experiencing tooth decay. They will also recommend other medications that keep your teeth in good shape.

Minimize Sugar Consumption

Sugar is a leading cause of tooth decay. Bacteria on your teeth digest it which leads to the production of acid that causes demineralization. The best way to stay free from tooth decay is by reducing the amount of sugar you consume. Substitute it with other healthy ingredients in your diet such as vitamins and calcium. You can also try chewing sugarless gum or candy.

Fluoride Procedure

This is a treatment that will leave your teeth in good shape. It involves the application of high concentration fluoride to your teeth. Fluoride varnishes and gels are some of the products widely used during such a procedure. They help in the remineralization process, which keeps your teeth strong and healthy. High concentration fluoride also prevents bacteria metabolism which is vital in reducing the production of acid that damages your teeth.

You should familiarize yourself with different prescription medications that cause tooth decay. Limiting their use and trying out different prevention and treatment procedures will keep you free from tooth decay.