During his report to the 19th CPC National Congress, President Xi Jinping announced his plans for the future of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).
He said: “We will make it our mission to ensure that the modernization of our national defense and our armed forces is essentially complete by 2035; and that by the middle of the 21st century, the forces of our people have been completely transformed into world-class forces. ‘
The Chinese media announced, “As chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC), Xi is tasked with ensuring that the world’s greatest military personnel make a” critical leap “in the new era, from simply big to strong.”
China is reportedly building a giant facial recognition database to identify every citizen
A few weeks earlier, The South China Morning Post wrote about “China is building giant facial recognition database to identify every citizen:”.
The project is expected to achieve a 90 percent accuracy rate, although it faces formidable technological hurdles and serious privacy concerns.
The powerful facial recognition system must be able to identify 1.3 billion citizens within three seconds.
Chen Jiansheng, of the electrical engineering department at Tsinghua University, told the Hong Kong newspaper that the government would use this system to track down suspected suspects and for public administration.
In April 2107, the McKinsey Global Institute published a report entitled Artificial Intelligence: Implications for China, describing the importance of artificial intelligence (AI): “The idea that computer systems can perform functions typically related to the human mind is from futuristic speculation to current reality. ‘
In his report to the 19th CPC National Congress, President Xi Jinping revealed his plans for the technological advancement of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA)
The report elaborated, “Thanks to advances in data collection and aggregation, algorithms, and processing power, computer scientists have achieved significant breakthroughs in artificial intelligence.
Where computer systems once had to be programmed to perform tightly defined tasks, they can now gain an overall learning strategy, allowing them to adapt to new data inputs without being explicitly reprogrammed. ‘
The PLA plans to take advantage of AI in the coming years to increase its efficiency ‘to win wars’ and achieve the goals set by Xi Jinping.
Elsa Kania of the Center for a New American Security (CNAS) noted in a recent report, “ China is no longer in a position of technological inferiority to the United States, but has rather become a real peer (competitor) that has the ability to overtake the United States in AI. ‘
She adds, “It can change future economic and military balances of power.”
The main use of AI is part of the deep reforms of the Chinese armed forces for broader ‘integration’ of the various services that are now five.
Similar to the PLA Ground Forces, Navy and Air Force, the PLA Rocket Force (formerly the Second Artillery) and the Strategic Support Force (SSF) are a game changer, according to all observers.
The use of AI will fall under the umbrella of the PLASSF.
The diplomat remarked a few months ago: “While the new PLA of the Chinese PLA is a crucial force for dominance in space, the cyber and electromagnetic domains … the SSF’s function will be” strategic support “, namely information support, are equally important to PLA’s fighting and winning wars. ‘
In addition to restructuring the commands, Xi Jinping also aims to boost research and development (R&D) to update the United States in the field of new weapons in the coming decades.
A few weeks ago, the Chinese Central Television (CCTV) broadcasted a TV documentary about the 10 aircraft carriers planned by China.
Jane’s Review reported that Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System (EMALS) “will be mounted on the second of the country’s home-built aircraft carriers, commonly referred to as Type 002”; the system is similar to the EMALS used by the United States.
A lot of money is also deposited in the Hypersonic Vehicle Technology Project; Available data indicate that China has started developing conceptual and experimental technologies for hypersonic flight vehicles, such as hypersonic cruise vehicles (HCV) capable of maneuvering at Mach 5 speeds (6,150 km / h) flying at height. It could be another game changer.
Groundbreaking research in the field of quantum communication (which prevents communication from being hackable) is also being carried out by the Chinese scientists.
The Academy of Military Sciences explicitly stated: ‘Space and cyberspace are increasingly important battlefields. A new type of five-dimensional combat space of land, sea, air, space and cyber is currently taking shape, which is broad in scope, hyper-dimensional, combining the tangible and the intangible. ‘
The list of new research areas is long. For example, China is working on an unmanned aerial vehicle named ‘Black Sword’ that could compete with some of the best American drones ever.
Also included in the list are smart materials and structures, high temperature superconducting technologies and highly efficient energy materials technologies.
Beijing has a medium and long-term program that aims to transform China into an ‘innovation-oriented society’ by 2020; the plan defines China’s leading technologies.
Beijing also has ‘mega projects for assimilating and absorbing’ technology; an import replacement action plan to create indigenous innovations through ‘co-innovation’ and ‘re-innovation’ of foreign technologies.
In all likelihood, the Israeli heron drone, which recently fell into Chinese hands in the Chumbi Valley in Tibet, will soon be “assimilated and absorbed”.
President Xi Jinping has a dream, the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation: “It is an unstoppable historical trend that will not be distracted by the will of an individual country or person,” said China Military Online.
India can learn from the Middle Kingdom for the future. However, it is doubtful whether the Indian public sector has the momentum to overtake China.
It may be time for the Modi government to start a new scheme, involve ‘Research in India’ and the private sector.
AI could be the first area of research.