1. What is Fasting?
We can define fasting from a both scientific and religious point of view. In biology, fasting is a condition when a person has not eaten anything for a long period and is starving. It is due to the unavailability of food or water. From a religious point of view, fasting is a willful act of not eating or drinking anything for a particular period.
In both Islam and Christianity, Feed and Fasting is considered the most sacred act. Not only Muslims but also Christian keep fast to make their God happy. It is for a certain period and you cannot eat or drink anything. Sexual intercourse and any act of guilt or wrongdoing are not allowed in fasting.
2. Fasting in Islam:
Fasting is a must to do act in Islam. Muslims have to fast every year in the ninth month of the lunar year i.e., Ramadan. Excluding the exception, fast is compulsory for every Muslim. Fast is one of the five basic pillars of Islam.
3. Must to do things in fasting:
Fast is not only refraining from food and water but there are a lot of other things and acts that must be done in fasting. Following are some of the essential acts to do in fasting:
- The first essential thing for fasting is intention before sunrise. You have to intent for keeping fast. Without proper intention, you cannot keep fast.
- During fast, you have to offer all prayers. Offering prayers five times a day is a must for all Muslims. So in fasting, you have to offer all prayers.
- One of the most essential acts is giving charity. It is considered that the reward of giving charity increases to seventy times in fasting. So, Muslims are said to donate as much as they can.
- During fasting, it is Sunnah to recite Holy Quran. So, Muslims have to recite Holy Quran in the whole month of Ramadan.
- In Ramadan, it is a noble act to invite your near and dear one’s on Iftar. People call a lot of suppers. It not only shows love and kindness but also increases your rewards.
4. Things that annuls fast:
There are a lot of acts that invalids your fast. We will explain to you some of these acts in the following:
- If you eat or drink anything, you will repeal your fast. You are only allowed to eat after dusk.
- Any act of Sexual pleasure is not allowed during fasting. You have to refrain from Sexual acts.
- Your fast can get annulled during intentional vomiting.
- If you are having menstrual bleeding, you cannot keep your fast. Also, you cannot keep your fast during childbirth bleeding.
5. Acts Allowed during Fasting:
Following are the acts that can be done in the state of fasting:
- You can rinse your mouth and nose in a state of fasting. But you are not allowed to take water to your throat. You have to keep it only in your mouth.
- You are allowed to take bath and shower during fasting. Make sure water does not enter your throat.
- If accidentally eat or drink something, your fast will not invalidate. But this act must not be done voluntarily.
- You can kiss your spouse in a state of fasting.
- You are also allowed to draw blood in fast but is considered a disliked act.
- You can also apply eye drops in fasting but are not allowed to take oral medicine.
6. Exceptions for fasting:
Although fasting is compulsory for all Muslims, there are conditions in which Islam has given relaxation to Muslims. Some of these conditions are listed below:
- If a woman is carrying a child or in the breastfeeding stage, she is not allowed to fast.
- Similarly, a woman in her menstrual cycle is not allowed to fast.
- If a person is sick and he cannot fast, Islam has allowed him to leave fast.
- Fasting is also not allowed if a person is traveling for a long distance.
7. Our Verdict:
Fasting is the most sacred and noble act in both Islam and Christianity. It is one of the five pillars of Islam. It is a must for all Muslims however there are certain conditions when you can leave fast, as listed above. During fast, you have to refrain from eating, drinking, or any act of Sexual pleasure. However Bathing, drawing blood or involuntary vomiting does not invalidate your fast.