‘Institutional racism is overused, the UK is a beacon of diversity and many ethnic minority students outperform white children in the classroom’: Your Guide to the Race Report’s Key Findings
- Report concluded that not all drawbacks should be considered racism
- Issues include the influence of the family, geography and socioeconomic background
- No conclusive evidence was found that the UK as a country is institutionally racist
UK NOT ESTABLISHED AGAINST ETHNIC MINORITIES
Not all disadvantages faced by ethnic minorities need to be assessed against the ‘prism’ of racism, the report concluded.
Issues such as the influence of the family, geography, and socioeconomic background all affect life opportunities more than racism.
Commission President Tony Sewell wrote in the report that ‘barriers and inequalities exist, they are varied, and ironically very little directly related to racism’, adding: ‘The evidence shows that geography, family influence, socio-economic background, culture and religion have a greater impact on life chances than the existence of racism.
‘That said, we take the reality of racism seriously and we don’t deny that it is a real force in the UK.’
Protest: A Black Lives Matter March in London
THE TERM INSTITUTIONAL RACISM IS OVERUSED
It found no conclusive evidence that the UK as a country is institutionally racist.
Dr Sewell said the phrase should not be overused, adding, “ We have advocated using the term ‘institutional racism’ only when deep-rooted racism can be proven at the systemic level and not used as a general catch-all phrase for any micro-aggression, conscious or ignorant. ‘
THE IMPACT OF FAMILY DISTRIBUTION
WHILE the racial background had a profound impact on life chances, the report suggested that family background was also important.
For example, almost two thirds of black Caribbean children grow up in single-parent families. The report said: “In many areas of research, including educational failure and crime, we were led to family breakdown as one of the main reasons for poor outcomes. Family is also the foundation stone of success for many ethnic minorities. ‘
WORK AND PAY
Unemployment is higher for many ethnic communities, but the pay gap has narrowed.
Ethnic minority families were less likely to own their own homes, according to the report.
In 2019, the employment rates of white British and Indian ethnic groups were 77 percent and 76 percent, respectively, but only 69 percent for black people. It was 56 percent for people in the combined Pakistani and Bengali ethnic group due to low female participation.
Unemployment gaps are smaller, but remain much higher for young people. The report said, “Workers from white Irish, Indian and Chinese ethnic groups have, on average, higher hourly wages than the white British ethnic group.”
NO UNCONSCIOUS BIAS TRAINING OR ‘BAME’
THE term BAME (Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic) combines disparate groups that often have different outcomes. It also said, “The commissioners were not impressed by companies pointing to ‘unconscious bias’ training as evidence of progressive credentials. We were impressed by more conscious efforts to nurture talent from diverse backgrounds. ‘
MORE LIKELY TO BE CRIME VICTIMS – OR ARRESTED
FOR every white murder victim aged 16 to 24, there were 24 black victims.
There are 142 racially motivated hate crimes daily, with the number of racially motivated hate crimes recorded by police rising 131 percent since 2012.
Class B drug offenses have led to higher crime rates among some ethnic minorities, according to the report, with eight times more arrests of black men for drug offenses than white men.
THE POLICE FORCES DO NOT REPRESENT THEIR AREAS
NO force is completely ethnically representative. But according to the report, ethnic minorities were delayed from joining if friends or family accused them of “ betraying ” their community.
It found ‘shocking racist abuse’ faced by police officers of ethnic minorities from ‘other immigrant citizens’.
WHITE WORK CLASS
The drawbacks for poor white Britons have to be faced, it said, adding, “ The door may be half open to some, including the white working class. ”