The United States will fall short by a third of its commitment under the Paris climate treaty to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, according to a report published in San Francisco on Wednesday.
A crescendo of efforts at the subnational level by states, cities and companies to reduce the country's carbon footprint will not fully compensate President Donald Trump's decision to eliminate the climate policies of his predecessor and promote the use of fossil fuels, he said. .
"Obama's goal was always going to be exaggerated," co-author Paul Bodnar, managing director of the Rocky Mountain Institute, told reporters.
"This work definitely shows that states, cities and businesses have the power to take the nation to the brink of that ambitious goal through its own authorities."
Funded by former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg, the "Fulfilling America & Pledge" report kicks off the three-day Global Climate Action Summit, a meeting of several thousand governors, mayors, business leaders, and climate activists around the world.
"Current federal and real economy commitments, combined with market forces, will carry US emissions at 20 percent below 2005 levels by 2025, approximately two thirds of the way to the original US goal. ", found the report.
Under the Paris Agreement of 196 nations, the United States made a voluntary pledge to reduce carbon pollution from 26-28 percent by 2025.
The 2015 treaty marked the first time that all countries, including emerging giants such as China and India, set specific targets to green their economies.
The new projections are conservative insofar as they do not assume any help from the federal government for the next six years.
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But even without a Democrat in the White House in 2020, up to 90 percent of the US goals. UU They could be fulfilled if the non-state actors duplicate the climate action, they discovered.
On Monday, outgoing Gov. Jerry Brown signed a law committing the state to purge greenhouse gases from its power grid by 2045, replaced by energy generated mainly by solar and wind energy.
"We all have the opportunity and the obligation to do our part to combat climate change," he told AFP after signing the bill.
The fifth largest economy in the world, California has also adopted targets that would see its emissions fall at least 40 percent below 1990 levels by 2030.
Trump, who swore to step down from the Paris Agreement months after taking office, wants to relax pollution standards for coal-fired power plants and reduce car mileage standards, the two pillars of President Barack Obama's Clean Energy Plan.
He has also challenged the Golden State's right to establish its own vehicle fuel standards.
The transportation sector is the largest source of greenhouse gases created by man in the United States.
The mayors, governors and business leaders of EE. UU., Under the slogan "We are still inside", have retreated adopting more ambitious objectives at the local level.
Together, these jurisdictions represent approximately half of the US economy. UU., The equivalent of the third largest country in the world, according to the report.
"Companies, states and local governments have stepped in to fill the leadership gap," said Lou Leonard, senior vice president of climate change and energy at WWF-US.
"But even more is needed to fill the remaining emissions gap and reduce the risks of droughts, forest fires and the superstorms that plague American communities."
As if to illustrate this point, a monstrous hurricane that exhibits unusual patterns consistent with the influence of global warming is spiking to the eastern seaboard of the United States, and is expected to land on Thursday or Friday in the Carolinas.