The United States called an urgent meeting of the UN Security Council on Monday in response to what it says are efforts by some countries to undermine and obstruct sanctions against North Korea.
The US Mission UU He announced on Friday night that the meeting will discuss the implementation and application of US sanctions against North Korea & # 39;.
The mission did not name any country, but US ambassador Nikki Haley accused Russia on Thursday of pressuring an independent panel of UN experts to modify a report on North Korea's sanctions that included alleged violations involving actors. Russians
The United States Mission announced Friday night that the meeting will discuss the implementation and enforcement of US sanctions against North Korea & # 39;
Haley said the panel should publish the original report, which cites "a massive increase in illicit transfers of oil products between ships" to North Korea, in violation of US sanctions. UU He said that some products were allegedly unloaded from Russian ships, which were identified in the report.
A summary of the expert report obtained in early August by The Associated Press also said that North Korea has not stopped its nuclear and missile programs. And he said North Korea is violating sanctions by transferring coal into the sea and disregarding an arms embargo and financial sanctions.
US Ambassador Nikki Haley accused Russia on Thursday of pressuring an independent panel of UN experts to modify a report on North Korea's sanctions
Initially, the Security Council imposed sanctions on North Korea after its first nuclear test in 2006 and has made them tougher and tougher in response to new nuclear tests and an increasingly sophisticated ballistic missile program.
Haley said earlier this year that successively the harsh sanctions resolutions of the Security Council adopted unanimously cut all North Korean exports, 90 percent of its trade, and dissolved its group of workers sent abroad to earn foreign currency.
Many diplomats and analysts attribute the sanctions to the promotion of the thaw in relations between North Korea and South Korea, as well as the June meeting between President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, in which they agreed on the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.
But in July, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo accused North Korea of "illegal smuggling" of refined petroleum products beyond the annual quota of 500,000 barrels allowed under UN sanctions.
US documents sent to the Security Council committee monitoring sanctions against North Korea and obtained by AP cited 89 cases between January 1 and May 30 in which North Korean oil tankers were likely to deliver refined products. illicitly & # 39; by transfers from other ships at sea.
The Russian ambassador Vassily Nebenzia said that it ended its official launch to all the member countries of the USA. because we disagree with certain elements that he refused to disclose
I know. UU They said that Russia and China informed the sanctions committee that they were supplying refined products to North Korea. China, which is the closest ally of North Korea, is responsible for more than 90 percent of the isolated country's trade.
Pompeo said North Korea is also circumventing sanctions by smuggling coal by sea and across borders, using cyber-theft and other criminal activities, and keeping workers in some countries it did not mention.
All of these activities are generating significant income for the regime and should be stopped, "he said.
At the time, Haley criticized "some friends who want to circumvent the rules," and especially Russia and China for blocking the sanctions committee to demand that all countries immediately stop shipments of petroleum products to North Korea.
After the experts' report was published in August, Russian Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia said that he suspended his official launch to all member countries of the United States because "we do not agree with certain elements" that he refused to reveal.
Russia and China later blocked the UN from imposing sanctions on Russian-based entities and vessels sanctioned a week earlier by the US Treasury Department.
The Russian news agency TASS quoted the UN Mission in Russia saying that the proposed sanctions were "unjustified".
The Security Council remained united in imposing tougher and harsher sanctions against North Korea, although differences over the experts' report mark a serious dent in that unit.
Diplomats from the United States familiar with the discussions said Russia was angry because the panel used a lot of US intelligence. UU In the initial report that Moscow stated that it was incorrect. Diplomats spoke on condition of anonymity because the talks were private.
Haley expressed his disappointment in the panel "for giving in to Russian pressure and making changes to what should have been an independent report." She called it "a stain" on the important work of the experts.