& # 39; Drug overdoses have reached epidemic proportions in North America & # 39 ;: UN warns US because it says that opioid addiction worldwide is 50 percent higher than expected and cocaine use is at record levels
- The number of people taking opioids rose by 56 percent worldwide in 2017
- The US was also warned that it was facing a crisis of & # 39; epidemic proportions & # 39; with the medicine
- Global drug use increased by 30 percent as cocaine use reached a record high
The United Nations has given the US a warning about an & # 39; epidemic & # 39; opioid crisis, because the number of people taking these drugs has increased by 56 percent worldwide.
In the World Drug Report 2019, published today in Vienna, the organization also warned that cocaine use had reached a new world record because relaxation of tensions in Colombia after the conflict created room for further production.
Opioids are a broad group of drugs – including heroin and fentanyl – that are used for pain relief, while cocaine made from the leaves of the coca plant causes people to become hypersensitive and irritable.
Global opium production shows a 56 percent increase in 2017 in this chart, after data from India and Nigeria have revised the figures, before falling again in 2018
The number of people taking opioids has increased by 56 percent after new data from Nigeria and India prompted the UN to revise its earlier estimate. (Stock image of heroin – a tyle of opioid)
North America remained the area with the highest concentration of opioid users worldwide, according to the report prepared by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, which raised the warning of the UN, as the number of deaths from drug overdoses increased by 13 percent up to 47,000.
Research chief for the agency, Angela Me, said: “Drug overdoses have really reached epidemic proportions in North America.”
Fentanyl was identified as a major problem in the crisis alongside other opioids.
The stark warning is that global use of opioids was increased by 56 percent to 53 million in 2017, as new data from Nigeria and India have been added.
A separate crisis has been identified in North Africa and the Middle East, including Egypt, Nigeria and Ghana, where the opioid tramadol is used for recreation.
Graph showing the number of deaths from opiate use per category in the US. The UN has warned that the United States is facing a crisis of & # 39; epidemic proportions & # 39; stand
Graph showing the number of people using drugs. The level will remain comparable between 2016 and 2017
The strong painkiller is smuggled from South Asia to the area, for farmers who take the medicine and give it to their animals when they have to work in extreme conditions.
It is also used for its euphoric effects and to improve & # 39; the sexual endurance & # 39 ;, the report said.
Near and Middle East and Southwest Asia, the area with the third highest level of opioid users, at 2.3 percent, behind Oceania is at 3.3 percent.
Cocaine production also appeared to have increased by 25 percent in 2017 after tensions in Colombia had subsided.
Areas of the country, which produce 70 percent of the global supply, are said to have been taken over by criminal gangs sowing new fields to produce cocaine.
Cocaine production also appeared to have increased by 25 percent in 2017, because the reduced tensions in Colombia have led to further drug production
Cannabis remained & # 39; the world's most popular drug, according to the report published in Vienna, with an estimated 188 million annual users
The use of stimulants is increasing in Central and Western Europe, according to the report, after waste water studies found more traces than expected, and in North America.
It has also been reported that in the last 10 years, drug attacks have increased globally by 70 percent, with most of them in North and South America and Colombia.
Worldwide, drug use appeared to have increased by 30 percent compared to 2009, while cannabis was most used in 2017 with an estimated 188 million users.
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