Two new types of deadly ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANT bacteria are detected in the blood of two patients in China
Scientists discover two new types of deadly antibacterial-resistant bacteria in the blood of patients in China
- Patients wore & # 39; formerly unknown & # 39; Enterobacteriaceae species
- Has not responded to penicillin or cephalosporin antibiotics in the lab
- Enterobacteriaceae species can cause meningitis and pneumonia
Alexandra Thompson Senior Health Reporter for Mailonline
Two new types of antibiotic-resistant bacteria have been detected in the blood of patients in China.
Scientists found that two patients carried unidentified species of Enterobacteriaceae that did not respond to penicillin or the cephalosporin group of antibiotics in the lab.
Enterobacteriaceae are found in the gut and are usually harmless, but they can cause meningitis if they get into the blood or pneumonia when they enter the lungs.
Scientists are worried about the emergence of new types of antibiotic-resistant bacteria will make deadly infections more difficult to cure, with delays in treatment often leading to sepsis.
Two new types of antibiotic-resistant Enterobacteriaceae bacteria have been detected in the blood of patients in China. The species did not respond to penicillin (stock)
The scientists, from the University of Sichuan, Chengdu, were led by Dr. ir. Wenjing Wu, from the center of infectious diseases.
The study comes amid the growing fear of antibiotic resistance – driven by the unnecessary distribution of medicines – which has once turned harmless bacteria into superbugs.
The World Health Organization has warned that if nothing is done, the world is on its way to a & # 39; post-antibiotic & # 39; era.
In the US alone, about 2 million years each year is infected with antibiotic-resistant bacteria, resulting in at least 23,000 deaths.
Pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhea and salmonellosis are among the growing number of infections that are more difficult to treat.
The species – Enterobacter huaxiensis and Enterobacter chuandaensis – were found in two patients while taking blood samples as part of routine medical care in West China Hospital.
They are named after the region in which they were discovered and the university behind the research.
Genetic analysis of the microorganisms revealed that they & # 39; formerly unknown & # 39; were, the scientists wrote in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology.
In addition to their DNA differences, the newly discovered strains of their other Enterobacteriaceae species differed due to their ability to degrade certain sugars and potassium salts.
WHAT IS THE ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE CRISIS?
Antibiotics have been unnecessarily decked out by GPs and hospital staff for decades, so that bacteria that have ever become harmless are used to become superb bacteria.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has previously warned that if nothing is done, the world is on its way to a & # 39; post-antibiotic & # 39; era.
It claimed that common infections, such as chlamydia, will become murderers without direct solutions to the growing crisis.
Bacteria can become resistant to drugs if people use inappropriate doses of antibiotics or if they are administered unnecessarily.
Chief medical officer Dame Sally Davies claimed in 2016 that the threat of antibiotic resistance is just as serious as terrorism.
Figures estimate that superbugs will kill 10 million people every year each year, with patients succumbing to once harmless bugs.
Approximately 700,000 people die each year because of drug-resistant infections including tuberculosis (TB), HIV and malaria around the world.
There has been repeated concern that medicine will be reduced to the & nbsp; if antibiotics will not be effective in the coming years.
In addition to the fact that existing medicines become less effective, only one or two new antibiotics have been developed in the last 30 years.
In September, the WHO warned that antibiotics "run out & # 39 ;, because a report has a & # 39; serious lack & # 39; found new drugs in the development pipeline.
Without antibiotics, C-sections, cancer treatments and hip prostheses become incredibly risky, so it was said at the time.