Advertisements
A chief was buried with his head raised as on a pillow (pictured). It is believed that the individual has a high & # 39; royal & # 39; of a nomadic society

A farmer digging a pit on his land has discovered the 2,000-year-old treasure in the ancient burial mound of the tomb of a nomads & # 39; royal & # 39; along with a & # 39; smiling & # 39; man with an artificially distorted, egg-shaped skull.

Advertisements

Beautiful gold and silver jewelry, weapons, valuables and artistic household items were found next to the chief's skeleton in a grave near the Caspian Sea in southern Russia.

The shovel of the local farmer Rustam Mudayev made an unusual noise and it turned out that he had hit an old bronze pot near his village of Nikolskoye in the Astrakhan region.

Scroll down for video

A chief was buried with his head raised as on a pillow (pictured). It is believed that the individual has a high & # 39; royal & # 39; of a nomadic society

A chief was buried with his head raised as on a pillow (pictured). It is believed that the individual has a high & # 39; royal & # 39; of a nomadic society

He brought it to the Astrakhan History Museum for analysis and expert opinion on the find.

Advertisements

& # 39; As soon as the snow melted, we organized an expedition to the village & # 39 ;, said the museum's scientific researcher, Georgy Stukalov.

& # 39; After inspecting the cemetery, we understood that it was a royal hill, one of the places where ancient nomads buried their nobility. & # 39;

WHO WERE THE SARMARTIANS?

The Sarmatians were a group of people who lived for nearly a millennium from the 5th century BC to the 4th century AD.

Their reach extended, at the highest point in the 1st century AD, from the Caspian Sea to Eurasia to modern-day Poland.

The territory was known as Sarmatia and included the current Central Ukraine, Southeast Ukraine, South Russia, Russian Volga and South Ural, including to a lesser extent the northeastern Balkans and around Moldova.

They had conflicts with the Roman Empire when they expanded at their peak to the east and joined Germanic tribes.

Towards the end of their reign, they faced competition from Germanic Goths and the Huns.

Advertisements

The Sarmatians were finally decisively assimilated by the fast-growing population in Eastern Europe.

The funeral is believed to belong to a leader of a Sarmatic nomadic tribe who dominated this part of Russia until the 5th century AD, and other VIP & # 39; s of the ancient world, including a & # 39; smiling & # 39; young man with an artificially deformed egg-shaped skull and protruding teeth that have survived two millennia.

& # 39; We have been digging for 12 days now & # 39 ;, said Mr. Stukalov.

& # 39; We have found several gold jewelry decorated with turquoise and lapis lazuli and glass inserts. & # 39;

The most & # 39; significant & # 39; finds are seen as a male skeleton buried in a wooden box.

Advertisements

The head of this chief was raised as if it were resting on a pillow and he wore a cape decorated with gold plagues.

Archaeologists found his collection of knives, gold objects, a small mirror and various pots, which apparently reflected his elite status.

They collected a gold-colored and turquoise belt buckle and the chief's dagger, along with a small copper horse's head buried between his legs and other intricate jewelry.

Another grave was from an older man - his skeleton broke through an excavator - but buried with him was the head of his horse, his skull still dressed in a complicated armor richly decorated with silver and bronze

Another grave was from an older man - his skeleton broke through an excavator - but buried with him was the head of his horse, his skull still dressed in a complicated armor richly decorated with silver and bronze

Another grave was from an older man – his skeleton broke through an excavator – but buried with him was the head of his horse, his skull still dressed in a complicated armor richly decorated with silver and bronze

A farmer digging a pit on his land has discovered a 2,000-year-old treasure in the ancient burial mound of the tomb of a nomads & # 39; royal & # 39; along with a & # 39; smiling & # 39; man (pictured) with an artificially distorted, egg-shaped skull. Shaping and extending the skull in this way was popular on different continents between old groups such as the Sarmatians, Alans, Huns and others
Advertisements

A farmer digging a pit on his land has discovered a 2,000-year-old treasure in the ancient burial mound of the tomb of a nomads & # 39; royal & # 39; along with a & # 39; smiling & # 39; man (pictured) with an artificially distorted, egg-shaped skull. Shaping and extending the skull in this way was popular on different continents between old groups such as the Sarmatians, Alans, Huns and others

A farmer digging a pit on his land has discovered a 2,000-year-old treasure in the ancient burial mound of the tomb of a nomads & # 39; royal & # 39; along with a & # 39; smiling & # 39; man (pictured) with an artificially distorted, egg-shaped skull. Shaping and extending the skull in this way was popular on different continents between old groups such as the Sarmatians, Alans, Huns and others

The funeral is supposed to belong to a leader of a Sarmatic nomadic tribe who dominated this part of Russia until the 5th century AD.

The funeral is supposed to belong to a leader of a Sarmatic nomadic tribe who dominated this part of Russia until the 5th century AD.

The funeral is supposed to belong to a leader of a Sarmatic nomadic tribe who dominated this part of Russia until the 5th century AD.

Jewels were found in the burial cellar next to the dead people and animals and experts believe they were gifts for the dead

Jewels were found in the burial cellar next to the dead people and animals and experts believe they were gifts for the dead

Advertisements

Jewels were found in the burial cellar next to the dead people and animals and experts believe they were gifts for the dead

The dagger of the chief was buried with him and placed next to his body, between his hand and leg (pictured)

The dagger of the chief was buried with him and placed next to his body, between his hand and leg (pictured)

The dagger of the chief was buried with him and placed next to his body, between his hand and leg (pictured)

They collected a golden and turquoise belt buckle and the chief's dagger, along with a small golden horse's head buried between his legs and other intricate jewelry.

They collected a golden and turquoise belt buckle and the chief's dagger, along with a small golden horse's head buried between his legs and other intricate jewelry.

They collected a golden and turquoise belt buckle and the chief's dagger, along with a small golden horse's head buried between his legs and other intricate jewelry.

Nearby was a woman with a bronze mirror buried with a sacrifice of a whole lamb, along with various stone objects whose meaning is unclear.

Another grave was from an older man – his skeleton broke through an excavator – but buried with him was the head of his horse, his skull still dressed in a complicated armor richly decorated with silver and bronze.

Also in the burial mound was the skeleton of a young man with an artificially distorted, egg-shaped skull.

The hoe from the local farmer Rustam Mudayev made an unusual noise and it turned out that he had struck an old bronze pot near his village of Nikolskoye in the Astrakhan region.

The hoe from the local farmer Rustam Mudayev made an unusual noise and it turned out that he had struck an old bronze pot near his village of Nikolskoye in the Astrakhan region.

The hoe from the local farmer Rustam Mudayev made an unusual noise and it turned out that he had struck an old bronze pot near his village of Nikolskoye in the Astrakhan region.

The head of a horse buried on the body of the old man still wears an intricate silver and bronze armor that was also uncovered
Advertisements

The head of a horse buried on the body of the old man still wears an intricate silver and bronze armor that was also uncovered

The head of a horse buried on the body of the old man still wears an intricate silver and bronze armor that was also uncovered

The farmer took his find to the Astrakhan Museum for analysis and expert opinion on the find. & # 39; As soon as the snow melted, we organized an expedition to the village & # 39 ;, said the museum's scientific researcher, Georgy Stukalov

The farmer took his find to the Astrakhan Museum for analysis and expert opinion on the find. & # 39; As soon as the snow melted, we organized an expedition to the village & # 39 ;, said the museum's scientific researcher, Georgy Stukalov

The farmer took his find to the Astrakhan Museum for analysis and expert opinion on the find. & # 39; As soon as the snow melted, we organized an expedition to the village & # 39 ;, said the museum's scientific researcher, Georgy Stukalov

& # 39; After inspecting the cemetery we understood that it was a royal hill, one of the locations where ancient nomads buried their nobility & # 39 ;, said the archaeologist

& # 39; After inspecting the cemetery we understood that it was a royal hill, one of the locations where ancient nomads buried their nobility & # 39 ;, said the archaeologist

Advertisements

& # 39; After inspecting the cemetery we understood that it was a royal hill, one of the locations where ancient nomads buried their nobility & # 39 ;, said the archaeologist

& # 39; We have been digging for 12 days now & # 39 ;, said Mr. Stukalov. & # 39; We have found several gold jewelry decorated with turquoise and lapis lazuli and glass inserts & # 39;

& # 39; We have been digging for 12 days now & # 39 ;, said Mr. Stukalov. & # 39; We have found several gold jewelry decorated with turquoise and lapis lazuli and glass inserts & # 39;

& # 39; We have been digging for 12 days now & # 39 ;, said Mr. Stukalov. & # 39; We have found several gold jewelry decorated with turquoise and lapis lazuli and glass inserts & # 39;

A chief was buried with his head raised as on a pillow and wore a cape decorated with gold plagues

A chief was buried with his head raised as on a pillow and wore a cape decorated with gold plagues

A chief was buried with his head raised as on a pillow and wore a cape decorated with gold plagues

The most & # 39; significant & # 39; finds are seen as a male skeleton buried in a wooden box. The head of this chief was raised as if it were resting on a pillow and he wore a cape decorated with gold plagues
Advertisements

The most & # 39; significant & # 39; finds are seen as a male skeleton buried in a wooden box. The head of this chief was raised as if it were resting on a pillow and he wore a cape decorated with gold plagues

The most & # 39; significant & # 39; finds are seen as a male skeleton buried in a wooden box. The head of this chief was raised as if it were resting on a pillow and he wore a cape decorated with gold plagues

The shape is probably & # 39; formed & # 39; by multiple bandages or & # 39; ringing & # 39; of the head in childhood.

Such dressings and / or rings were worn during the first years of a child's life to bring the skull into the desired shape.

Shaping and extending the skull in this way was popular on different continents among ancient groups such as the Sarmatians, Alans, Huns and others.

Such deformed heads were seen as a sign of someone's special status and noble roots, and their privileged place in their societies, it is believed.

The funerals date back 2,000 years, a period in which the nomadic tribes in Sarmat ruled what is now southern Russia.

& # 39; These finds will help us understand what happened here at the start of civilization & # 39 ;, said Astrakhan governor Sergey Morozov.

Excavation is continuing on the site.

Nearby was a woman with a bronze mirror buried with a sacrifice of a whole lamb, along with various stone objects whose meaning is unclear

Nearby was a woman with a bronze mirror buried with a sacrifice of a whole lamb, along with various stone objects whose meaning is unclear

Nearby was a woman with a bronze mirror buried with a sacrifice of a whole lamb, along with various stone objects whose meaning is unclear

The gold jewels and the buckle (pictured) are probably signs of the nobility of the person and would only have been offered to the richest people

The gold jewels and the buckle (pictured) are probably signs of the nobility of the person and would only have been offered to the richest people

The gold jewels and the buckle (pictured) are probably signs of the nobility of the person and would only have been offered to the richest people

A golden and turquoise horse's head was buried between the chef's legs (photo). The small but valuable find is just one of the many important artifacts in the burial cellar

A golden and turquoise horse's head was buried between the chef's legs (photo). The small but valuable find is just one of the many important artifacts in the burial cellar

A golden and turquoise horse's head was buried between the chef's legs (photo). The small but valuable find is just one of the many important artifacts in the burial cellar

. (TagsToTranslate) Dailymail (t) sciencetech (t) Russia