Topless sunbathing goes out of fashion in France while women hide
Topless sunbathing goes out of fashion in France while women cover the fear of being suppressed by men
Once widespread in France, topless sunbathing is getting out of fashion, research has shown, with fear of bullying, body image and health seen as a trend to hide more on the beach.
Fewer than one in five French under 50 said they wore a "monokini", compared to 28 percent ten years ago and 43 percent in 1984, according to research by French pollster Ifop published Tuesday.
Young women between the ages of 18 and 25 said that intimidation, criticism of their bodies and being preached by men were their biggest hurdles to go topless.
Bridget Bardot is pictured sunbathing topless in St Tropez. Less than one in five French under 50 said they had a & # 39; monokini & # 39; compared with 28 percent ten years ago and 43 percent in 1984,
And although France may be the land of freedom, equality and brotherhood, French women are more shy than their European neighbors about stripping on the beach, compared to Spaniards (48 percent) and Germans (34).
But marketing and social media, rather than modesty, are to blame for the decline, said Camille Froidevaux-Metterie, professor of political science at Reims University and author of the French-language book "Women & # 39; s Bodies, the Battle of Intimacy ".
"Women don't think their breasts look good enough, so they hide them," she told AFP.
"It is even worse today with social media and influencers. They participate in this commercial system that creates standards to prevent women from enjoying their bodies."
And while social movements can encourage body positivity, we "still have a long way to go," she said.
Kimberley Garner wears a bikini in St Tropez. Young women between the ages of 18 and 25 said that intimidation, criticism of their bodies and being preached by men were their biggest hurdles to go topless.
The poll for the French site VieHealthy.com asked 5,026 women from France, Italy, Spain, Germany and the UK about their sun habits in an online survey in April.
While women between the ages of 18-25 were most concerned about body image and bullying, French women as a whole gave the risk of sun damage as their greatest incentive to stay covered.
"This can be explained by the success of public health messages about the risk of sun," Franco & # 39; s Kraus van Ifop, who led the study, told the French daily Le Parisien.
Women's beachwear is a controversial issue in France, with the heat wave currently suppressing the country over the use of Islamic burkini swimwear for the entire body.
The burkini has divided France, that is the country with Europe & # 39; s largest Muslim population but also has strict secular laws.
Increasing sharpness has its limits, the survey suggests.
In answer to the question: "Do you find it annoying to see a woman in a burkini on the beach?", 68 percent of the French said "yes".
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