Tips for pregnant women
Pregnancy is a time for both excitement and anxiety for the mother. Her body goes through many changes and caters to the life growing inside of her.
Doctors advise many different things to expecting mothers to help them pass their pregnancy with ease. Being active is very important when you are pregnant. If you regularly work out and stop just because you are pregnant. This can have adverse effects in your body, so grab that maternity activewear and do simple movements but do them regularly.
Pregnancy is not a disease. Therefore, lying in bed all day should not be your routine, unless Doctors require this.
Pamper and care for your body. Apply body lotion or oil to the skin on the abdomen, hips and thighs. This makes the skin supple so that it is less itchy. You also prevent stretch marks.
Keep moving. If your doctor gives the OK, regular exercise during pregnancy is highly recommended. As a rule of thumb: swimming, cycling, gymnastics, walking, hiking are particularly suitable. Yoga, in particular, can help with symptoms such as back pain, constipation, nausea or sleep problems.
Your child eats with you. The healthier you eat, the better for the child. Lots of vegetables, lettuce and fruits, whole grain and milk products, fish, meat and high-quality vegetable oils ensure a balanced diet. However, restraint is the order of the day when it comes to sweets. They put a strain on the blood sugar level, and the risk of excess weight gain during pregnancy is increased.
Take care of a dentist appointment. Hormones loosen the tissues during pregnancy; it is more perfused and softer. That is why pregnant women increasingly suffer from inflamed or bleeding gums. With the right oral hygiene, you can make ends meet without losing a tooth, as was pointed out earlier.
Some women now store a lot of fluid in the tissue. Such oedema is common and usually harmless. You can do the following to prevent oedema: avoid standing for a long time, wear flat shoes and loose clothing, keep your legs up as often as possible, take a cold shower, exercise your calf muscles with a lot of movement, wear support stockings.
Pregnancy should be planned. For the structure at the early stages of the fetus itself, large reserves of folic acid and fatty acids are needed, which is very important in the process of formation of the neural tube from which the brain and the nervous system as a whole develop. An average person consumes an average of 400 micrograms of folic acid, for pregnant women this dose is increased to 4 mg. Therefore, before pregnancy, you need to start using folic acid in 3-6 months, so that it can accumulate in the body of a woman, as well as iodine preparations, which is important for our Samara region, which is an iodine-deficient zone.
Otherwise, if the pregnancy was not planned: the reserves of folic acid and fatty acids may not be enough and, therefore, excellent grades at school can be difficult or not given at all.
Also, before pregnancy, you should pass all the necessary tests prescribed by the doctor, depending on your situation. At a period of 5-6 weeks, you can already see a small person and see if everything is fine with it, which is why ultrasound is needed for short periods.
Action Plan for Pregnant Women:
- When you find out about the pregnancy, you need to register at the antenatal clinic as soon as possible so that the pregnancy is monitored. This will be around the seventh to eighth week after conception.
- If you are not sure of something or are afraid, going to an ultrasound to see if everything is fine in the baby, if the fetal egg has descended into the uterus, if the baby has a heartbeat (appears on the ultrasound most often not earlier than five weeks) is a great idea
- Before 20 weeks, visit the doctor should take once a month, from 20 to 28 weeks – 2 times a month, after 28 weeks – once a week. Experienced and attentive obstetrician-gynaecologists conduct an appointment at your ease and convenience and monitor the health of the baby and you throughout your pregnancy.
- During pregnancy, there should be an adequate drinking regimen. In the first trimester per day, 2-3 litres of water is considered the norm; in the third trimester, depending on oedema, the norm is reduced to 1.5 litres, salt intake is also limited.
- Spicy, salty, fried – all this is better to exclude from the diet. The first trimester usually accompanies nausea and vomiting, and strongly spicy fried foods can enhance these phenomena. With an increase in the term, the uterus during pregnancy grows, pushes all organs up, and progesterone relaxes the walls of the internal organs, which can cause heartburn in the second or third trimester, and it will be extremely difficult to fight this phenomenon with the use of acute, salty.
- Meals should be fractional, 5-6 times a day.
- With regard to physical activity – you can safely go for Pilates for pregnant women, yoga, even in the pool, it is better to choose a pool with a cleaning method without chlorine. A visit to the pool will have a beneficial effect on the condition of the spine since it can withstand double stress during pregnancy. Hiking up to an hour and a half without emotional bursts and adrenaline is recommended per day.
- It is important to observe the regime of work and rest – sleep at least 8 hours a day and rest properly at night. While we sleep, certain hormones are produced at night which help in cleansing the body off of harmful substances
- The smell of paint, new linoleum, adhesives and other building materials have hazardous fumes that are not recommended for breathing. Do not participate in the repair process during pregnancy.
- During pregnancy, you can swim in the river and at sea. The main thing is to put on a swimsuit with a closed belly, so as not to expose the fetus to direct sunlight. Flights after 34 weeks of pregnancy are undesirable.
- From 30 weeks you go on maternity leave. If you have dangerous working conditions – you go on maternity leave earlier.
- Sleeping on the back is not recommended. Closer to the back, we pass the inferior vena cava, leading the outflow from the pelvic organs to the heart. If you lie on your back, the uterus will press down the vein, and the blood will not circulate correctly.
Back pain, swollen feet, hair loss, pregnancy demands a lot from mothers-to-be. These tips will help you enjoy the miracle of pregnancy in a more relaxed and healthier manner.