Theresa May today has 10 minutes to pitch a new Brexit deal in Brussels

Donald Tusk, President of the European Council, said Thursday evening at a press conference that the deal agreed earlier this year is not for renegotiation & # 39; used to be

Theresa May's hopes of renegotiating her Brexit deal got a fatal blow on Thursday night when Donald Tusk, President of the European Council, stated that the agreement was not "open for renegotiation."

EU leaders gave Theresa May the assurance tonight that they would try to reach agreement on the Brexit by 2021 – so that the contentious backstop is never activated.

The 27 national leaders, however, were resolute on the Prime Minister's resignation agreement and said: "It is not open to new negotiations."

Tusk also called for increased preparedness at all levels for all possible outcomes – including a & # 39; no deal & # 39; scenario.

That deal was closed last month, but she has since gone back to Brussels for more guarantees, so that she can help her own parliamentarians.

Donald Tusk, President of the European Council, said Thursday in Brussels that the EU underlines that the backstop is an insurance policy to prevent a hard border in Ireland.

Tusk said: "Today, Prime Minister May informed the leaders about the difficulties in ratifying the deal in London and asked for further insurance policies that would, in any case, open up the ratification process in the House of Commons.

"After discussing the intervention of the prime minister among the 27 leaders, and taking into account our full respect for the parliamentary process in the United Kingdom, we have agreed as follows: first, the European Council confirmed its conclusions of 25 November 2018 it approved the Broadcasting Agreement and approved the Political Declaration.

"The Union remains committed to this agreement and intends to continue its ratification and is not open to renegotiation."

Ms. May had attempted to set a start date for the future relationship between the EU27 instead of setting an end date for the backstop, according to Sky News. Ms. May said that there should be no expiration date for the backstop, but a target date for the free trade agreement that she wants to negotiate.

Donald Tusk, President of the European Council, said Thursday evening at a press conference that the deal agreed earlier this year is not for renegotiation & # 39; used to be

Donald Tusk, President of the European Council, said Thursday evening at a press conference that the deal agreed earlier this year is not for renegotiation & # 39; used to be

Donald Tusk (left) and Commission President Jean Claude Juncker appeared at a joint press conference on Thursday evening

Donald Tusk (left) and Commission President Jean Claude Juncker appeared at a joint press conference on Thursday evening

Donald Tusk (left) and Commission President Jean Claude Juncker appeared at a joint press conference on Thursday evening

Donald Tusk (left) and Commission President Jean Claude Juncker appeared at a joint press conference on Thursday evening

Donald Tusk (left) and Commission President Jean Claude Juncker appeared at a joint press conference on Thursday evening

Theresa May was greeted exuberantly by Jean-Claude Juncker when a trial was taking place in the Belgian capital today

Theresa May was greeted exuberantly by Jean-Claude Juncker when a trial was taking place in the Belgian capital today

Theresa May was greeted exuberantly by Jean-Claude Juncker when a trial was taking place in the Belgian capital today

French President Emmanuel Macron also had a warm greeting for the Prime Minister when she arrived in Brussels for the summit today (photo)

French President Emmanuel Macron also had a warm greeting for the Prime Minister when she arrived in Brussels for the summit today (photo)

French President Emmanuel Macron also had a warm greeting for the Prime Minister when she arrived in Brussels for the summit today (photo)

Theresa May has publicly admitted that although she is in her & # 39; heart & # 39; wants to fight, her time in power comes to an end when she arrived in Brussels for a crunch summit

Theresa May has publicly admitted that although she is in her & # 39; heart & # 39; wants to fight, her time in power comes to an end when she arrived in Brussels for a crunch summit

Theresa May has publicly admitted that although she is in her & # 39; heart & # 39; wants to fight, her time in power comes to an end when she arrived in Brussels for a crunch summit

She said: "We must change the perception that the backstop could be a trap that the UK could not escape. Until we close the deal – our deal – runs a risk. & # 39;

Mrs May said that a package of guarantees could change the momentum in Parliament.

"There is a majority in my house that wants to leave with a deal, so with the right insurance policies this deal can be adopted," she said. It is indeed the only deal that is able to pass through my house.

I do not doubt that the best result for all of us is to handle the deal in an orderly manner. It is not in our interest to allow an unintentional no-deal and all disruptions.

& # 39; Let's work intensively to get this deal over in the interests of all our people. & # 39;

It was said that she had sympathy for Mrs. May during the dinner of the leaders after her ordeal yesterday, but dinner sources said it was clear that not much would be expected from today's conversations.

The 27 leaders are expected to make a statement tonight, in the hope that they & legal; & legal guarantees & # 39; will offer, says May that she needs it.

The Prime Minister went to Brussels and insisted that she needed EU help to bring the negotiated divorce alongside the awful MPs – more than 100 of them say they will not vote for it.

While the summit began, leaders including Angela Merkel and Mark Rutte held an olive branch by discussing their admiration & # 39; for the Prime Minister when they met for a summit in Brussels with the Brexit high on the agenda.

In a glimmer of hope for Ms. May, the draft conclusion emphasized that the Irish safety net wrapping a & # 39; insurance policy & # 39; is and only intended to & # 39; temporarily & # 39; to be when it comes into effect.

And former commissioner Jose Manuel Barroso appealed to EU leaders to help Ms. May – she warned that a Brexit without resentment. had to be closed.

Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte fisted with other leaders when the Brussels summit started today, with Theresa May (center) looking for help from counterparts including Angela Merkel (second right) and Emmanuel Macron (right)

Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte fisted with other leaders when the Brussels summit started today, with Theresa May (center) looking for help from counterparts including Angela Merkel (second right) and Emmanuel Macron (right)

Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte fisted with other leaders when the Brussels summit started today, with Theresa May (center) looking for help from counterparts including Angela Merkel (second right) and Emmanuel Macron (right)

Ms. May had quickly entered into an interview with German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte after they had survived the attempted coup and brought it to Brussels.

Ms. May had quickly entered into an interview with German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte after they had survived the attempted coup and brought it to Brussels.

Ms. May had quickly entered into an interview with German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte after they had survived the attempted coup and brought it to Brussels.

Emmanuel Macron

Emmanuel Macron

Pendants including Angela Merkel (photo) and Mark Rutte from the Netherlands told about their admiration & # 39; for the premier at a meeting in Brussels with the Brexit high on the agenda

Pendants including Angela Merkel (photo) and Mark Rutte from the Netherlands told about their admiration & # 39; for the premier at a meeting in Brussels with the Brexit high on the agenda

Mrs Merkel (pictured right) and Mr Macron both again had the prospect of any changes to the legal Brexit text

But when they arrived at the top, most of the EU27 continued to hold on to a hard line by insisting that the legal text of the withdrawal agreement can not be reopened – despite the fact that Mrs May urges concessions that can help her get the package & # 39; wrote about & # 39; to get.

Ms Merkel said that Mrs May's victory in the confidential vote was "pleasant", but she added: "I do not see that this withdrawal agreement can be changed."

While he is Mrs. May praised English in English while speaking with reporters in Brussels, Rutte was less helpful when he spoke to Dutch journalists in his own language.

& # 39; If someone in the Netherlands thinks Nexit is a good idea, then look at England and see the huge damage it causes, he said.

May admit that she is NOT getting a new Brexit deal and that she is re-planning the vote before Christmas Day

Theresa Left the hope of holding a showdown about her Brexit deal before Christmas today.

The prime minister has the chances of a 'direct breakthrough & # 39; printed at the top of this week.

The Commons vote on the Brexit deal that was due to take place on Tuesday, but at one point they were put on the shelf after Ms. May had accepted that she would be defeated.

When she arrived in Brussels for an EU summit, Mrs May acknowledged that she needed new guarantees from EU leaders regarding the operation of the Northern Ireland backstop when the agreement was to come through the Commons.

A Downing Street spokeswoman confirmed that it was the Government's intention to get the Commons to be in January & # 39; to vote.

The Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz, currently holding the rotating EU Presidency, proposed to hold a special Brexit summit in January.

The idea is to provide additional guarantees & # 39; to agree on the political statement on the future relationship of the UK with the EU.

Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz suggested calling a new summit in January to try to complete more insurance, but said it was difficult to know what the EU should give in May because not all arguments from the Brexit supporters are rational & # 39 ;.

And the Lithuanian president Dalia Grybauskaite said it bluntly. & # 39; Brexit Christmas wish: finally decide what you really want and Santa will deliver & # 39 ;, she said on Twitter when posting a picture of a chocolate candy tree.

When she arrived at the summit, Ms. May admitted for the first time publicly that the Brexit crisis will shorten her stay in Downing Street while she says she is in her heart & # 39; wants to fight, but that she must stop before the next general meeting. election.

"I think it's a good thing that the party feels like they'd rather submit those elections to a new leader," she said.

Mrs. May has acknowledged that she is legally binding & # 39; must get concessions from the block in the aftermath of yesterday's extraordinary Tory coup attempt, with more than a third of her own MPs voting against her.

But Mrs Merkel has again today re-negotiated the offer to renegotiate the withdrawal agreement, while the Finnish Prime Minister warned that the best she can hope for is political & # 39; guarantees.

We can discuss whether there should be additional guarantees, but here the 27 Member States will have a lot in common and make their interests very clear.

& # 39; This is always in the spirit that we will have very good relations with the UK after it has left the European Union. & # 39;

French President Emmanuel Macron said that there is a "political discussion & # 39; could be, but ominously added: & # 39; One can not reopen a legal agreement. & # 39;

Mr. Rutte was exuberant in his praise for the & # 39; tenacity & # 39; from Mrs. May. & # 39; I feel respect. She is a competent leader. I admire her tenacity and resilience. She is a great leader. And when you see the Labor people laughing at her when she said, "I've listened," I felt that this was not very British, "he said.

& # 39; She stood there and held her calm and won this fight within her party. I have the greatest admiration for her. & # 39;

Finnish Prime Minister Juha Sipila warned: & # 39; Legally binding will be a bit difficult.

& # 39; But we all want to help her first, and then our goal is that the new relationship will be for the backstop.

So I think we can offer insurance at the political level. That is our primary goal. And let's see if we can also find something from the legal side, but it is still open. & # 39;

And the hope for an impending progress continued to decline today when Commons leader Andrea Leadsom confirmed that the crunch Brexit vote in parliament will not take place before Christmas.

Ms. May met EU Council President Donald Tusk

Ms. May met EU Council President Donald Tusk

Mrs. May with the Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar

Mrs. May with the Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar

Ms. May met EU Council President Donald Tusk (left) and Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar (right) at the summit in Brussels today

England legends Gary Lineker and Peter Shilton are bumping over the Brexit

Gary Lineker called his & # 39; hero & # 39; Peter Shilton about the Brexit

Gary Lineker called his & # 39; hero & # 39; Peter Shilton about the Brexit

Gary Lineker called his & # 39; hero & # 39; Peter Shilton about the Brexit

Gary Lineker called his & # 39; hero & # 39; Peter Shilton about the Brexit

Gary Lineker called his & # 39; hero & # 39; Peter Shilton about Brexit when he praised Jacob Rees-Mogg

Gary Lineker called his & # 39; hero & # 39; Peter Shilton on Brexit after the keeper from the former England had praised Jacob Rees-Mogg.

The Match of the Day presenter, 58, also told former teammate Chris Waddle that he ought to stay at football & # 39; when he said it would be best if Theresa left the EU without a deal.

Last month, Mr Lineker, an outspoken Remainer, appeared during a People's Vote & # 39; Attempt in which he called for a second referendum and said that stopping & # 39; frighteningly boring & # 39; Theresa May & # 39; s Brexit is more important to him than football.

When Ms. May last night survived her resistance to non-trust, the former Spurs and the Barcelona striker gave contempt for Peter Shilton's praise for Tory Brexiteer Rees-Mogg.

Shilton, who played for the beloved Leicester City of Mr. Lineker, tweeted: "I was so impressed by @Jacob_Rees_Mogg in recent days. He really knows what he is talking about and conveys it in a calm and calculated way! & # 39;

Gary Lineker responded to him and said: "What is that old saying? You should never see a tweet of your heroes? & # 39 ;.

Ms. May also quickly hoped for a possible shift and said: & # 39; I do not expect an immediate breakthrough, but I really hope that we can start the guarantees as soon as possible. & # 39;

After a conservative vote of disapproval by having heard a conservative voice, an exhausted Mrs. May gave an encouraging goodbye to her husband Philip when she was on her way to Downing Street.

She had talks this morning with Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar and EU Council President Donald Tusk, because panic efforts continue to find a breakthrough that can satisfy Parliament.

Minister of the Cabinet has warned that they will slaughter her new agreement unless there is legally binding & # 39; guarantees are that the UK can not get stuck in the backstop of the Irish border.

The Prime Minister is presenting her problem to the heads of the 27 Member States tonight, hoping they can help.

But they have now decided to take her off the invitation list for dinner. She will have to leave the room to talk privately about their Brexit approach.

Yesterday she had to admit that she would not lead the Tories in the general election in 2022 in an attempt to buy off a rebellion – but still got a bloody nose because 117 MPs joined the bid to get her out.

Philip welcomed his wife to PMQs yesterday, and the couple are expected to have their political survival roasted with a glass of wine and some chips tonight.

Former ally Iain Duncan-Smith, who voted against the prime minister last night, said today that Ms. May should tell EU leaders: "If you want a deal, you better take a step on the plate" and the British £ 39 billion Brexit warn bill is & # 39; completely in danger & # 39; unless they remove the backstop.

Last night's victory was much less emphatic than the allies had hoped, and a clearly shocked Mrs. May acknowledged in a speech outside number 10 that a significant number of colleagues' votes against me & # 39 ;.

She said she would & # 39; listen & # 39; and a & # 39; renewed mission & # 39; striving for – delivering the Brexit that people voted for, bringing the country back together and building a country that really works for everyone & # 39 ;.

Yesterday, the Prime Minister was supported by Tory MPs with confidence by 200-117 after she admitted that she would not lead the party to the general election in 2022. The number of rebels to vote against her, however, is much larger than expected and makes her politically wounded

Yesterday, the Prime Minister was supported by Tory MPs with confidence by 200-117 after she admitted that she would not lead the party to the general election in 2022. The number of rebels to vote against her, however, is much larger than expected and makes her politically wounded

Yesterday, the Prime Minister was supported by Tory MPs with confidence by 200-117 after she admitted that she would not lead the party to the general election in 2022. The number of rebels to vote against her, however, is much larger than expected and makes her politically wounded

Philip May waved off the prime minister this morning

Philip May waved off the prime minister this morning

Theresa May leaves for Brussels for more calls

Theresa May leaves for Brussels for more calls

With her waving: Philip May is waving the premier this morning after she won a party vote of distrust last night. She is on her way to Brussels for an EU summit where she will try to make more concessions on the backstop of the Irish border

The Prime Minister held talks with the Irish counterpart Leo Varadkar before the EU summit officially started today

The Prime Minister held talks with the Irish counterpart Leo Varadkar before the EU summit officially started today

The Prime Minister held talks with the Irish counterpart Leo Varadkar before the EU summit officially started today

A Commons vote on the Prime Minister's Brexit deal was delivered this week at the last moment to prevent a catastrophic defeat.

Trade secretary Liam Fox put a clear marker yesterday by warning that it will never be brought before a parliamentary vote unless changes are made.

& # 39; It is very difficult to support the deal if we do not get any changes in the backstop, he said. & # 39; I'm not even sure if the cabinet agrees to submit it to the House of Commons. & # 39;

He told the BBC: & # 39; If there is no movement on the backstop, it is very likely that one or two things will happen. One of both [we] stay in the EU without a referendum, which I think would be a democratic insult that brings a whole series of consequences, or, perhaps more likely, that we have to make our preparations to do nothing and leave the EU without an agreed agreement. & # 39;

In a sign of the simmering departments, other ministers, including Philip Hammond, Amber Rudd, David Gauke and Greg Clark, urgently call for an early vote on the package – and when it is defeated, a series of Commons votes on various options about how to proceed.

Ms. May's fate is now effectively in the hands of EU leaders who have repeatedly said that they will not reopen negotiations.

Theresa May give a brave face to her situation when she responded to the outcome of Tory's non-confidential vote

There were cheers when committee chairman Graham Brady 1922 announced the result in the Commons last night

There were cheers when committee chairman Graham Brady 1922 announced the result in the Commons last night

There were cheers when committee chairman Graham Brady 1922 announced the result in the Commons last night

The Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz insisted on a "better interpretation". of the Brexit deal.

I think there will be some willingness on our part to perhaps find a better explanation for the future relationship, & # 39; he said.

& # 39; There is also some room for a better interpretation of what we have agreed. But there is no new deal about the Broadcasting Agreement. & # 39;

The Prime Minister resumed negotiations with European leaders after winning the intense 15-hour battle to maintain her own job, with a no-confidence motion announced yesterday and closed at 9pm.

Standing on Downing Street last night, Ms. May pleaded for & # 39; to continue with the job & # 39; to deliver Brexit – by rivals both inside and outside her party.

How the lemmings of the Brexiteer led to a coup – and how it collapsed

Theresa May has been haunted by rumors of a coup by angry Brexiteers since the rapid election took over the Tory majority – but the plot exploded when her deal arose.

November 13: A design deal is closed in Brussels and starts to leak. Brexiteers react with horror at the state of the Irish border backstop.

November 14: May ensures the deal for the deal after a marathon and a difficult cabinet meeting.

November 15: Dominic Raab and Esther McVey resign from the cabinet about the deal and label it as a surrender to Brussels.

Jacob Rees-Mogg goes into action with May and summons Tory MPs to submit letters without confidence.

November 22: EU officials sign the deal after resolving last minute hitches.

Brexiteer plotters insist that they still want to remove the PM, but admit that they do not have the required 48 letters.

November 25th: At a special EU summit, the divorce agreement is stamped with a rubber stamp.

December 4: May opens a five-day debate on her Brexit deal prior to a planned vote. The opposition is increasing rapidly, with dozens of Tory MPs against it.

Tory MPs rebelled to help Labor pursue the government in contempt for parliament in the midst of three humiliating Commons defeats for May in 63 minutes.

December 10: May finishes the vote and admits that & # 39; significant & # 39; resistance is against the deal.

December 11: Rumors spread quickly over the fact that letters of mistrust are finally rising while MPs are losing patience with May's insistence that she can save her deal.

12 December: Finally, a vote of no confidence is called – and will be held within a few hours, such as May's promise to continue fighting.

Support for the Brexiteers falls flat, making May a year free from the party procedure and free to keep her deal despite anger in her party.

But her hope for harmony can be short-lived. Jeremy Corbyn insisted that her & gloomy & # 39; deal would be submitted to parliament next week while Labor MPs presented her a "lame duck & # 39; they called after promising that they would not lead the Tories to the next general election.

Rebel leader Jacob Rees-Mogg said that a third of her MPs had not supported her: & # 39; She should urgently go to the queen and resign. – Chancellor Philip Hammond hit back and called Mr. Rees-Mogg and his supporters & # 39; extremists & # 39; .

Instead, the EU will only provide & # 39; clarifications & # 39; indicate that the EU does not want to use the backstop and that it should be a last resort.

However, it may also imply a promise to consider ways of providing further guarantees which, while not binding, carry more legal weights.

In an astonishing day of political drama, conservative members of parliament voted 200 to 117 for her as Tory leader and prime minister.

Despite months of saber rattling due to her hardline opponents and impasse over the Brexit, almost two-thirds of Tory MPs supported her.

Cabinet ministers demanded immediately that her opponents give her the breathing room and support for an orderly exit & # 39; from the

EU. But the victory of Mrs. May, which means she can not be challenged again for at least 12 months, had a prize.

She had to promise her that she would stop before the next general election scheduled for 2022.

Eurosceptics and Labor stated that the numbers are shocking & # 39; and & # 39; Disastrous & # 39; while ministers of the cabinet were waiting to discuss the positive points.

Jeremy Hunt said yesterday that her "endurance, resilience and decency & # 39; again & # 39; had won the day & # 39 ;, while Treasury Secretary Liz Truss said that it is & # 39; convincing & # 39; used to be.

And the scale of yesterday's uprising – more than a third of her MPs want her to be gone – raises questions about how long she can stay in charge.

Draft conclusions to be discussed by EU leaders say: "The Union is ready to examine whether further assurance can be provided."

However, it adds: "Such insurance will not change or contradict the Withdrawal Agreement."

One paragraph in the draft summit conclusions that could help Mrs May say that the backstop would be activated "it would only apply temporarily unless and until it is replaced by a later agreement".

The text adds: "In such a case, the union would do everything it can to negotiate a next agreement that would replace the backstop, so that it would only be for a short period and only as long as it would be strictly necessary."

Mrs. May strives for guarantees that Britain will never be "caught" in the customs backstop for an indefinite period, which will enter into force if no trade agreement is concluded to prevent a border between Ireland and Northern Ireland .

Some MPs fear that the agreement could lead to Britain being bound to the customs regime of the bloc for an indefinite period of time – the opposition that led Ms. May to suspend a planned joint vote on the deal.

Tory MPs are waiting for the last night's vote of confidence that Theresa May won, but 117 of her own party voted against her

Tory MPs are waiting for the last night's vote of confidence that Theresa May won, but 117 of her own party voted against her

Tory MPs are waiting for the last night's vote of confidence that Theresa May won, but 117 of her own party voted against her

Previously, Ms. May left some politicians in tears when she told the meeting in a Commons commission chamber (photo) that she would bend gracefully once that task was completed

Previously, Ms. May left some politicians in tears when she told the meeting in a Commons commission chamber (photo) that she would bend gracefully once that task was completed

Previously, Ms. May left some politicians in tears when she told the meeting in a Commons commission chamber (photo) that she would bend gracefully once that task was completed

Some MPs twittered images of the ballots when the vote against mistrust took place in Westminster yesterday, where 200 people stated that they had confidence in the Prime Minister, including Sarah Wollaston, who proposed her own voice.

Sommige parlementsleden twitterden beelden van de stembiljetten toen de stem tegen het wantrouwen gisteren in Westminster plaatsvond, waar 200 mensen verklaarden dat ze vertrouwen hadden in de premier, onder wie Sarah Wollaston, die haar eigen stem voorstelde

Sommige parlementsleden twitterden beelden van de stembiljetten toen de stem tegen het wantrouwen gisteren in Westminster plaatsvond, waar 200 mensen verklaarden dat ze vertrouwen hadden in de premier, onder wie Sarah Wollaston, die haar eigen stem voorstelde

EU-bronnen bleken het idee uit te sluiten dat verdere garanties juridisch bindend zijn. Een hoge diplomaat zei gisteren: 'De terugtrekkingsovereenkomst en politieke verklaring zijn vastgesteld. We denken niet dat hier een juridisch instrument mogelijk is. & # 39;

Een andere hoge ambtenaar voegde toe: 'Wat niet haalbaar is, is dat opnieuw onderhandeld wordt over de terugtrekkingsovereenkomst van de deal die werd bereikt. Dit staat niet op tafel en welke geruststelling ook wordt gegeven, ze kunnen niet in tegenspraak zijn met de deal die op 25 november is overeengekomen. Ik weet niet wat mogelijk is, maar wat ik weet is onmogelijk, is opnieuw onderhandelen over de deal – dat is onmogelijk. & # 39;

Een andere oudere EU-bron stelde voor om in de politieke verklaring over de toekomstige relatie een oplossing te vinden voor het verhullen van taal – het deel van de overeenkomst dat niet juridisch bindend is.

Hoofd Donald Tusk van de EU-Raad schreef gisteren aan EU-leiders dat ze beloofde om naar mevrouw May te luisteren voordat ze enige 'conclusies' zou trekken.

Euroscepticus Jacob Rees-Mogg zei gisteravond nog steeds dat 'iemand anders' moet proberen een goede Brexit veilig te stellen en riep de PM op om af te treden

Euroscepticus Jacob Rees-Mogg zei gisteravond nog steeds dat 'iemand anders' moet proberen een goede Brexit veilig te stellen en riep de PM op om af te treden

Euroscepticus Jacob Rees-Mogg zei gisteravond nog steeds dat 'iemand anders' moet proberen een goede Brexit veilig te stellen en riep de PM op om af te treden

Mevrouw May verwelkomde het resultaat op dinsdagavond en erkende dat 'een aanzienlijk aantal collega's hun stem tegen mij uitte'.

Ze zei dat ze nu een 'hernieuwde missie' zou nastreven – het leveren van de Brexit waarop mensen hebben gestemd, het land weer bij elkaar brengen en een land opbouwen dat echt voor iedereen werkt '. Ze zei dat de situatie inhield dat 'politici van alle kanten samenkomen en handelen in het nationale belang' – een duidelijk pleidooi voor hulp van Labour.

Toen ze in Downing Street nadien sprak, gaf een duidelijk geschokte mevrouw May toe dat ze een verbeterde deal van de EU moest krijgen met 'juridisch bindende' garanties voor de terugvalstop van de Ierse grens.

'Ik ben blij dat ik de steun heb gekregen van mijn collega's bij de stemming van vanavond,' zei ze gisteravond.

'Hoewel ik dankbaar ben voor die steun, hebben een aanzienlijk aantal collega's tegen me gestemd en ik heb geluisterd naar wat ze hebben gezegd.

'We moeten nu doorgaan met leveren voor de Britse bevolking en een betere toekomst opbouwen voor dit land.'

Mevrouw May voegde hieraan toe: "Dat moet hier in Westminster beginnen, waarbij politici van alle kanten samenkomen om te handelen in het nationale belang.

'Ik heb gehoord wat het Lagerhuis zei over de terugval van Noord-Ierland. Ik ga morgen naar de Europese Raad en ik zal juridische en politieke waarborgen zoeken om die zorgen weg te nemen. & # 39;

Transportsecretaris Chris Grayling beschreef het resultaat als een 'sterke steun voor de PM'.

Minister van Justitie David Gauke zei: 'Dit was een zeer comfortabele overwinning voor Theresa May. Haar verwijderen zou zelfgenoegzaam en onverantwoordelijk zijn geweest. Ik ben blij dat een grote meerderheid ermee instemt. & # 39;

Maar Jacob Rees-Mogg, voorzitter van de hardline European Research Group die de stemming dwong, zei dat de premier een 'verschrikkelijk resultaat' had opgelopen waarin de 'overgrote meerderheid van haar backbenchers tegen haar hebben gestemd'.

'Natuurlijk accepteer ik dit resultaat, maar Theresa May moet zich realiseren dat ze onder alle grondwettelijke normen dringend naar de koningin moet gaan en ontslag nemen,' he said.

Mrs May appealed to Tory MPs not to sack her at an emotionally-charged Commons meeting just minutes before the ballot opened last night.

She pledged she would not call a snap election, and said the party's greatest duty was to prevent Jeremy Corbyn entering Downing Street.

One source at the meeting said she told MPs: 'In my heart I would have loved to have led us into the next election, but I realise that we will need a new leader with new objectives for the 2022 election.'

Some ministers were said to be close to tears as the PM acknowledged that some in her own party want her gone rather than risk a repeat of last year's disastrous election campaign.

The vote came after Tory shop steward Sir Graham Brady announced that at least 48 MPs had written letters of no confidence in Mrs May, sparking a vote under the party's leadership rules.

After the announcement yesterday morning, Mrs May pledged to fight the coup attempt with 'everything I've got'.

She ducked questions about the exact date of her departure.

Environment Secretary Michael Gove had urged Tory MPs not to trigger the no confidence vote in the Prime Minister

Environment Secretary Michael Gove had urged Tory MPs not to trigger the no confidence vote in the Prime Minister

Home Secretary Sajid Javid called the challenge 'self indulgent'

Home Secretary Sajid Javid called the challenge 'self indulgent'

Environment Secretary Michael Gove had urged Tory MPs not to trigger the no confidence vote in the Prime Minister while Home Secretary Sajid Javid called the challenge 'self indulgent' (both pictured last night)

Teflon Theresa and her ever-present 'rock': PM's husband's unwavering support has seen her through the storm again

Philip May waved his beloved wife – and Prime Minister – goodbye this morning as she embarked on the latest grueling test – another EU summit where she will plead for key changes to the Brexit deal.

Mr May, 61, has carved himself out a successful career in the City of London as an investment manager.

But it his role as Theresa May's husband, confidante and 'rock' that is perhaps his biggest contribution to the country.

Mr May's devotion to his wife was on display once again yesterday as she was forced to face her Tory rebels and a baying Labour opposition at PMQs.

Mrs May, 62, was fighting for her political life as Tory MPs had called a vote of confidence which could have seen her unceremoniously toppled by the end of the day.

As she entered the Commons Chamber, where plotting Tory rebels were sat slumped on the green benches to her back, while Labour MPs jeered and barracked her straight ahead, she glanced up and saw her husband staring loving down at her.

Theresa May and Philip (pictured together in 1980 - the year they married) have been sweethearts since  their days as undergraduates and bonded over their shared love of cricket

Theresa May and Philip (pictured together in 1980 - the year they married) have been sweethearts since  their days as undergraduates and bonded over their shared love of cricket

Theresa May and Philip (pictured together in 1980 – the year they married) have been sweethearts since  their days as undergraduates and bonded over their shared love of cricket

Theresa May (pictured with Philip in 1977) has told how her husband is her 'rock' who has supported her throughout the many political upheavals she has faced

Theresa May (pictured with Philip in 1977) has told how her husband is her 'rock' who has supported her throughout the many political upheavals she has faced

Theresa May (pictured with Philip in 1977) has told how her husband is her 'rock' who has supported her throughout the many political upheavals she has faced

He allowed himself a brief smile as the couple locked eyes, and Mrs May went on to defiantly defend herself in the onslaught of attacks hurled her way.

The couple have been together for around 40 years – meeting as undergraduates at Oxford University and marrying in 1980s.

They were introduced at a student disco – known as a 'bop' – by mutual friend Benazir Bhutto – later prime minister of Pakistan.

And while neither Philip nor Theresa particularly enjoy or seek the spotlight, they have sweetly told how it was love at first sight for them in a rare joint TV appearance.

Speaking to the BBC's One Show during the election campaign last year, they gave the country insight into their relationship – and how its strength keeps Mrs May going during her darkest moments.

Asked about how their romance blossomed, Mr May said: 'It was love at first sight, absolutely.'

And asked for his first impressions of the woman who would become his wife, he said: 'What a lovely girl!' And he gallantly added: 'And she still is.'

Who could replace Theresa May? As the PM admits she will have to quit soon, these are some of the leading contenders to take over

Theresa May won her Tory confidence vote last night after promising not to lead the party into the 2022 general election.

These are some of the leading contenders to replace her:

Boris Johnson – 7/2

How did they vote on Brexit?

Led the Vote Leave campaign alongside Michael Gove.

What is their view now?

Hard line Brexiteer demanding a clean break from Brussels. The former foreign secretary is violently opposed to Theresa May's Chequers plan and a leading voice demanding a Canada-style trade deal.

What are their chances?

Mr Johnson's biggest challenge could be navigating the Tory leadership rules.

He may be confident of winning a run-off among Tory members but must first be selected as one of the top two candidates by Conservative MPs.

Now rated as favourite by the bookies, Boris Johnson's (pictured leaving parliament last night) biggest challenge will be navigating the Tory leadership rules

Now rated as favourite by the bookies, Boris Johnson's (pictured leaving parliament last night) biggest challenge will be navigating the Tory leadership rules

Now rated as favourite by the bookies, Boris Johnson's (pictured leaving parliament last night) biggest challenge will be navigating the Tory leadership rules

Dominic Raab – 9/2

How did they vote on Brexit?

Leave, with a second tier role campaigning for Vote Leave.

What is their view now?

Mr Raab was installed as Brexit Secretary to deliver the Chequers plan but sensationally resigned last month saying the deal was not good enough.

What are their chances?

His resignation from the Cabinet put rocket boosters under Mr Raab's chances, fuelling his popularity among the hardline Brexiteers. May struggle to overcome bigger beasts and better known figures.

Newly installed as Brexit Secretary, Dominic Raab (pictured on Tuesday) is trying to negotiate Theresa May's Brexit deal

Newly installed as Brexit Secretary, Dominic Raab (pictured on Tuesday) is trying to negotiate Theresa May's Brexit deal

Newly installed as Brexit Secretary, Dominic Raab (pictured on Tuesday) is trying to negotiate Theresa May's Brexit deal

Sajid Javid – 5/1

How did they vote on Brexit?

Remain but kept a low profile in the referendum.

What is their view now?

Pro delivering Brexit and sceptical of the soft Brexit options.

What are their chances?

Probably the leading candidate from inside the Cabinet after his dramatic promotion to Home Secretary. Mr Javid has set himself apart from Mrs May on a series of policies, notably immigration.

Sajid Javid (pictured leaving the Houses of Parliament this evening) is probably the leading candidate from inside the Cabinet after his dramatic promotion to Home Secretary

Sajid Javid (pictured leaving the Houses of Parliament this evening) is probably the leading candidate from inside the Cabinet after his dramatic promotion to Home Secretary

Sajid Javid (pictured leaving the Houses of Parliament this evening) is probably the leading candidate from inside the Cabinet after his dramatic promotion to Home Secretary

Michael Gove – 7/1

How did they vote on Brexit?

Leave

What is their view now?

He has said Theresa May's Chequers blueprint for Brexit is the 'right one for now'. But he recently suggested a future prime minister could alter the UK-EU relationship if they desired.

What are their chances?

He came third in the first round of voting in 2016, trailing behind ultimate winner Theresa May and Andrea Leadsom. Mr Gove has said it is 'extremely unlikely' that he would stand again. But he popular in the party and is seen as an ideas man and a reformer by many, and he could change his mind if Theresa May is shown the door.

Michael Gove appeared to rule himself out of the race in recent days, but he ran last time and is popular among many in the party. He is pictured outside the Houses of Parliament today

Michael Gove appeared to rule himself out of the race in recent days, but he ran last time and is popular among many in the party. He is pictured outside the Houses of Parliament today

Michael Gove appeared to rule himself out of the race in recent days, but he ran last time and is popular among many in the party. He is pictured outside the Houses of Parliament today

Jeremy Hunt – 7/1

How did they vote on Brexit?

Remain.

What is their view now?

The Foreign Secretary claims the EU Commission's 'arrogance' has made him a Brexiteer.

What are their chances?

Another top contender inside Cabinet, Mr Hunt's stock rose during his record-breaking stint at the Department of Health and won a major promotion to the Foreign Office after Mr Johnson's resignation. Widely seen as a safe pair of hands which could be an advantage if the contest comes suddenly.

Jeremy Hunt's stock rose during his record-breaking stint at the Department of Health and won a major promotion to the Foreign Office after Mr Johnson's resignation

Jeremy Hunt's stock rose during his record-breaking stint at the Department of Health and won a major promotion to the Foreign Office after Mr Johnson's resignation

Jeremy Hunt's stock rose during his record-breaking stint at the Department of Health and won a major promotion to the Foreign Office after Mr Johnson's resignation

David Davis – 10/1

How did they vote on Brexit?

Leave.

What is their view now?

Leave and a supporter of scrapping Mrs May's plan and pursuing a Canada-style trade deal with the EU.

What are their chances?

The favoured choice of many hard Brexiteers. Seen as a safer pair of hands than Mr Johnson and across the detail of the current negotiation after two years as Brexit Secretary. He could be promoted a caretaker to see through Brexit before standing down.

Unlikely to be the choice of Remain supporters inside the Tory Party – and has been rejected by the Tory membership before, in the 2005 race against David Cameron.

David Davis (pictured outside the Houses of Parliament today) is seen as a safer pair of hands than Mr Johnson and across the detail of the current negotiation after two years as Brexit Secretary

David Davis (pictured outside the Houses of Parliament today) is seen as a safer pair of hands than Mr Johnson and across the detail of the current negotiation after two years as Brexit Secretary

David Davis (pictured outside the Houses of Parliament today) is seen as a safer pair of hands than Mr Johnson and across the detail of the current negotiation after two years as Brexit Secretary

Amber Rudd – 14/1

How did they vote on Brexit?

Remain. Represented Britain Stronger in Europe in the TV debates.

What is their view now?

Strongly remain and supportive of a second referendum – particularly given a choice between that and no deal.

What are their chances?

Popular among Conservative MPs as the voice of Cameron-style Toryism, Ms Rudd is still seen as a contender despite resigning amid the Windrush scandal – and she was boosted further by her return to Cabinet as Work and Pensions Secretary on Friday night. She is badly hampered by having a tiny majority in her Hastings constituency and would not be able to unite the Tory party in a sudden contest over the Brexit negotiation.

Popular among Conservative MPs as the voice of Cameron-style Toryism, Amber Rudd (pictured leaving parliament this evening) is still seen as a contender despite resigning amid the Windrush scandal

Popular among Conservative MPs as the voice of Cameron-style Toryism, Amber Rudd (pictured leaving parliament this evening) is still seen as a contender despite resigning amid the Windrush scandal

Popular among Conservative MPs as the voice of Cameron-style Toryism, Amber Rudd (pictured leaving parliament this evening) is still seen as a contender despite resigning amid the Windrush scandal

Jacob Rees-Mogg – 14/1

How did they vote on Brexit?

Leave.

What is their view now?

Leave and recently branded Theresa May's Brexit U-turn a 'humiliation' which has left her deal 'defeated'.

What are their chances?

As chair of the European Research Group (ERG) bloc of Tory Eurosceptics he has been urging MPs to replace Mrs May for weeks.

Pro-Brexit supporter, Conservative MP Jacob Rees-Mogg, walks through members of the media and anit-brexit demonstrators as he walks near to the Houses of Parliament in London yesterday

Pro-Brexit supporter, Conservative MP Jacob Rees-Mogg, walks through members of the media and anit-brexit demonstrators as he walks near to the Houses of Parliament in London yesterday

Pro-Brexit supporter, Conservative MP Jacob Rees-Mogg, walks through members of the media and anit-brexit demonstrators as he walks near to the Houses of Parliament in London yesterday

Penny Mordaunt – 14/1

How did they vote on Brexit?

Leave.

What is their view now?

Leave and subject of persistent rumour she could be the next to quit Cabinet over Mrs May's Brexit deal.

What are their chances?

Possible dark horse in the contest, Ms Mordaunt is not well known to the public but is seen as a contender in Westminster. Known to harbour deep concerns about Mrs May's Brexit deal, but has stopped short of resigning from Cabinet.

Possible dark horse in the contest, Penny Mordaunt (pictured in Downing Street) is not well known to the public but is seen as a contender in Westminster

Possible dark horse in the contest, Penny Mordaunt (pictured in Downing Street) is not well known to the public but is seen as a contender in Westminster

Possible dark horse in the contest, Penny Mordaunt (pictured in Downing Street) is not well known to the public but is seen as a contender in Westminster

Andrea Leadsom – 16/1

How did they vote on Brexit?

Leave.

What is their view now?

Ms Leadsom said in late November that she was backing the withdrawal agreement struck with Brussels because it 'delivered' on the referendum result.

What are their chances?

Leader of the Commons since June, Andrea Leadsom found herself at the centre of controversy in the 2016 leadership campaign when comments she made were interpreted as a claim that she would be a better PM than Mrs May because she was a mother. Asked recently whether Mrs May was the right person to be leading the country, she said she is 'at the moment'.

Andrea Leadsom, Leader of the House of Commons, arrives at Downing Street on Thursday last week

Andrea Leadsom, Leader of the House of Commons, arrives at Downing Street on Thursday last week

Andrea Leadsom, Leader of the House of Commons, arrives at Downing Street on Thursday last week

Gavin Williamson – 33/1

How did they vote on Brexit?

Remain.

What is their view now?

Mr Williamson tweeted today: 'The Prime Minister has my full support. She works relentlessly hard for our country and is the best person to make sure we leave the EU on 29 March and continue to deliver our domestic agenda.'

What are their chances?

He backed Remain in the referendum and pledged his support for Mrs May in the 2016 leadership contest but has since been mentioned as a potential future Tory leader.

Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson is a 33/1 outsider according to the best odds by bookies this evening

Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson is a 33/1 outsider according to the best odds by bookies this evening

Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson is a 33/1 outsider according to the best odds by bookies this evening

But the concession that she will not fight the next election will weaken her authority and spark a race to succeed. Sajid Javid, Jeremy Hunt and Amber Rudd will jostle for position against Eurosceptic former Cabinet colleagues Boris Johnson, David Davis and Dominic Raab.

Crispin Blunt, who wrote a letter of no confidence in Mrs May, urged rebels to back her, but said he still considered her Brexit plan a 'bad deal'. He said: 'The leadership question is now behind us for a year and we must get behind Theresa May in delivering Brexit.'

Nadine Dorries, another critic of the PM, said: 'It's not the way I voted, however, I will fully respect the result.'

Allies had previously insisted that Mrs May would fight on even if she only won by a single vote.

Ministers were eager to move on from the bitter struggle, even though many are known to harbour misgivings about Mrs May's Brexit deal.

International Development Secretary Penny Mordaunt posted on Twitter: 'Prime Minister wins confidence motion with 63% of the vote. Now let's crack on with getting the changes we need to the deal on offer and press on with no deal preparations. We are leaving the EU in 15 weeks.'

Jacob Rees-Mogg told Sky News last night that he still believed 'someone else' should try to secure a good Brexit.

'It's a very bad result for the Prime Minister, 163 Tory MPs are on the payroll…and therefore of the backbenchers the Prime Minster lost very heavily…Clearly the Prime Minister has lost the support of the backbenches of the Conservative Party, and that is not a good position for her to be in,' he said.

Commons Leader Andrea Leadsom (pictured) also spoke out for Mrs May despite concerns about the progress in negotiations with the EU

Commons Leader Andrea Leadsom (pictured) also spoke out for Mrs May despite concerns about the progress in negotiations with the EU

Commons Leader Andrea Leadsom (pictured) also spoke out for Mrs May despite concerns about the progress in negotiations with the EU

'Having failed in her main plank of policy, it would be constitutional normal for her to retire from the fray.'

Chancellor Philip Hammond launched a furious assault on Brexit 'extremists' trying to undermine the government

Chancellor Philip Hammond launched a furious assault on Brexit 'extremists' trying to undermine the government

Chancellor Philip Hammond launched a furious assault on Brexit 'extremists' trying to undermine the government

He added: 'Someone else ought to try to deliver Brexit.'

Other Brexiteers were keen to make clear they accepted the result even if they did not like it. Steve Double said: 'The PM has won the confidence vote 200-117. We are a democratic party and I accept the result. However the margin should send a clear message to the leadership that over 1/3 of MPs have serious concerns and need to be addressed.'

Crispin Blunt said: 'The leadership question is now behind us for a year and we must get behind Theresa May in delivering Brexit.

'The realities remain. Her proposed withdrawal deal is a bad deal. She was clear today we leave on 29 March 2019. Nothing to fear but fear itself! Get it done!'

The contest was held after hardliners finally secured the 48 letters from MPs needed to trigger the process.

More than 180 MPs had publicly declared that they would back her, indicating that she was on course to survive.

However, as it was a secret ballot there was no way of telling if they were being truthful. One senior MP privately admitted their colleagues are the 'most duplicitous electorate in the history of humankind'.

As MPs sweltered in the stifling heat of committee room 14 last nigth, Mrs May was said to have told them in her 'heart' she would like to carry on but she recognised that was not the 'will' of the party.

Home Office minister Victoria Atkins was one of those nearly overcome by the emotion of the moment. Asked for her reaction as she emerged from the room, she welled up and clutched her chest.

Tory MP Alec Shelbrooke said that some Tory MPs had tears in their eyes when the PM told the room she would not lead the party into the next election.

He said : 'She basically said it is not her intention to lead the party into the 2022 election.

'I think she's at a stage where she is 100 per cent committed to delivering Brexit. That's where her focus is.

'And her opening remarks were: 'I am not going to call a snap election. There is an impasse and we will get through it but I'm not going to call a snap election.'

Asked what the feeling was like in the room when she said she would not lead the party into the 2022 election, he said: 'Shock. There were a couple of tears in some colleagues' eyes.'

Former Brexit Secretary David Davis, who had hinted he was voting against the PM last night, left the committee room before the end of Mrs May's appearance.

Sajid Javid is grass root Tories' favourite to replace May after she vows to step down by 2022

Home Secretary Sajid Javid is favourite with the Tory faithful to succeed Theresa May, with Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt in second place – and Boris Johnson well down the field.

According to the survey of Conservative councillors, Home Secretary Mr Javid is the Party's first choice to replace Mrs May.

He is followed by Mr Hunt and former Brexit Secretary Dominic Raab.

Surprisingly, Mr Johnson, Mrs May's most prominent critic, trails in seventh place.

Home Secretary Sajid Javid is favourite with the Tory faithful to succeed Theresa May

Home Secretary Sajid Javid is favourite with the Tory faithful to succeed Theresa May

Home Secretary Sajid Javid is favourite with the Tory faithful to succeed Theresa May

A poll for the Mail found Sajid Javid is favourite to succeed Theresa May

A poll for the Mail found Sajid Javid is favourite to succeed Theresa May

A poll for the Mail found Sajid Javid is favourite to succeed Theresa May

By contrast, Environment Michael Gove, who sabotaged fellow Brexiteer Johnson's 2016 leadership challenge in 2016, but has stayed loyal to Mrs May, is one place ahead of Johnson.

The 753 Conservative councillors who took part in the poll were asked to pick from 11 leadership contenders, listing them in order of preference.

The more top picks they received, the higher they were ranked and vice versa.

The Survation poll is a key guide to the possible outcome of a Tory leadership contest.

MPs whittle the candidates down the final two, but the winner is decided by a vote of the Party's 100,000 plus members, which includes its 9,000 councillors.

Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt is second place favourite to succeed Theresa May

Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt is second place favourite to succeed Theresa May

Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt is second place favourite to succeed Theresa May

Nearly six in ten of those who took part in the survey voted in favour of Brexit in the referendum; four of ten voted Remain.

In spite of the respondents' pro Brexit views, outspoken Remainer, Work and Pensions Secretary Ms Rudd, restored to the Cabinet after losing her Home Office job over the Windrush immigration fiasco earlier this year, pipped both Johnson and Gove.

The number one ranking for Javid comes after a series of reports that he is gearing up for a challenge if Mrs May falls.

The Home Secretary, who campaigned for Remain but has since said he supports Brexit, is followed by fellow convert Hunt in second place, Raab third, David Davis, Amber Rudd, Gove, Johnson, Penny Mordaunt, Jacob Rees-Mogg, Andrea Leadsom and Esther McVey.

Nearly seven in ten Tory councillors said Conservative MPs were wrong to try to oust Mrs May

Nearly seven in ten Tory councillors said Conservative MPs were wrong to try to oust Mrs May

Nearly seven in ten Tory councillors said Conservative MPs were wrong to try to oust Mrs May

Johnson's low position is at odds with other recent polls of Tory supporters – as opposed to Tory members – which have put him in first place.

Damian Lyons-Lowe, head of Survation, said: 'It seems Conservative councillors disapprove more strongly of a fellow politician who rocks the party boat to members of the public.

They are more sympathetic to Cabinet loyalists like Sajid and Hunt. Boris' supporters will be dismayed that he is behind both Gove and Rudd in popularity terms in the Party.'

Nearly seven in ten Tory councillors said Conservative MPs were wrong to try to oust Mrs May; one in three said they were right to do so.

A total of 67 per cent said MPs should vote to keep Mrs May against 31 per cent who said they should sack her.

Johnson’s low position of seventh is at odds with other recent polls of Tory supporters – as opposed to Tory members – which have put him in first place

Johnson’s low position of seventh is at odds with other recent polls of Tory supporters – as opposed to Tory members – which have put him in first place

Johnson's low position of seventh is at odds with other recent polls of Tory supporters – as opposed to Tory members – which have put him in first place

Tory Party anger with MPs who tried to topple Mrs May is reflected in some of the comments posted by councillors who took part in the poll.

They included: 'What a mess, no deal should not even be considered, the economy is the priority'; 'We should support the PM, stabbing her in the back has undermined her all the way'; 'Conservative MPs are acting like children'; 'I am ashamed of MPs who did this.'

But some were critical of the Prime Minister. One said: 'We need a leader with real charisma.' Another observed: 'She has made a real hash of the negotiations.'

Survation interviewed 753 Conservative councillors online today.

When Theresa May promised to bow out after Brexit she fired the starting gun on the Tory leadership race. With Raab in front and Javid and Johnson behind him, ANDREW PIERCE asks who will replace her as PM?

By Andrew Pierce for The Daily Mail

Brexit Ultra

Jacob Rees-Mogg

With his double-breasted pinstripe suits and impeccable manners, the 49-year-old has been ridiculed as 'the honourable member for the 18th century'.

Chairman of the European Research Group, a cabal of ultra-Brexiteer Tories who have botched their attempts to unseat Mrs May. And his increasingly personal attacks on her have damaged his standing among fellow Tory MPs and activists.

The son of a former editor of The Times, he divides his time with his wife and their six children between a £4.5 million house in Westminster and a 400-year-old mansion at the foot of the Mendip Hills.

He used to top polls of party activists when they were asked who they wanted as next Tory leader. But his recent disloyalty to Mrs May has seen his ratings plummet.

Always says he doesn't want the top job — which is just as well. After May's comfortable victory, there's now more chance of Tony Blair coming back as Labour leader than Rees-Mogg assuming the Tory crown.

With his double-breasted pinstripe suits and impeccable manners, 49-year-old Jacob Rees-Mogg (pictured) has been ridiculed as 'the honourable member for the 18th century'

With his double-breasted pinstripe suits and impeccable manners, 49-year-old Jacob Rees-Mogg (pictured) has been ridiculed as 'the honourable member for the 18th century'

With his double-breasted pinstripe suits and impeccable manners, 49-year-old Jacob Rees-Mogg (pictured) has been ridiculed as 'the honourable member for the 18th century'

Brexiteers who stalked out

Dominic Raab

Cerebral lawyer who's the son of a Czech-born Jewish father who came to Britain in 1938 aged six as a refugee from the Nazis.

Appointed Brexit Secretary after fellow Brexiteer David Davis walked out — but quit himself last month.

'I cannot support an indefinite backstop arrangement, where the EU holds a veto over our ability to exit,' he said.

Ubiquitous on TV and radio, but not everyone is impressed. 'Dominic is his own biggest fan,' says one Tory MP. 'He's just a bit too clever.'

A black belt at karate, the 44-year-old could form a joint leadership ticket with David Davis.

Dominic Raab (pictured) is a cerebral lawyer who's the son of a Czech-born Jewish father who came to Britain in 1938 aged six as a refugee from the Nazis

Dominic Raab (pictured) is a cerebral lawyer who's the son of a Czech-born Jewish father who came to Britain in 1938 aged six as a refugee from the Nazis

Dominic Raab (pictured) is a cerebral lawyer who's the son of a Czech-born Jewish father who came to Britain in 1938 aged six as a refugee from the Nazis

Boris Johnson

Clearly on manoeuvres — the 54-year-old having just cropped his signature tousled hair and lost 12lb.

The most passionate frontline Tory advocate of Brexit — describing the PM's deal as 'diabolical' and a 'legal lobster pot'. As ever, he is long on bombast, short on content. Long on grandiosity, short on self-awareness.

As one of the most hardline Brexiteers, he is hamstrung by a lack of support among fellow Tory MPs, which means he'll struggle to make it to the final two of any contest. But a restless soul, backbench life will not suit Johnson.

Clearly on manoeuvres — 54-year-old Boris Johnson (pictured) having just cropped his signature tousled hair and lost 12lb

Clearly on manoeuvres — 54-year-old Boris Johnson (pictured) having just cropped his signature tousled hair and lost 12lb

Clearly on manoeuvres — 54-year-old Boris Johnson (pictured) having just cropped his signature tousled hair and lost 12lb

David Davies

A long-term Leave advocate brought back into government by May (before he quit in a huff) having first served as Europe minister in the Major government.

The victim of a whispering campaign about his time as Brexit Secretary when the 69-year-old was accused of being lazy, having held only five hours of meetings in Brussels in 2018.

Significantly jockeyed for position yesterday by proposing a new Brexit solution — scrapping the Irish backstop.

A serious contender, but his best hope is as a stop-gap leader before handing over to a younger deputy.

David Davis (pictured) is a long-term Leave advocate brought back into government by May (before he quit in a huff) having first served as Europe minister in the Major government

David Davis (pictured) is a long-term Leave advocate brought back into government by May (before he quit in a huff) having first served as Europe minister in the Major government

David Davis (pictured) is a long-term Leave advocate brought back into government by May (before he quit in a huff) having first served as Europe minister in the Major government

Esther McVey

A Barnardo's child whose father was variously a scrap metal merchant and an ice cream van driver. Before politics, the Liverpudlian was a breakfast TV presenter.

Resigned as Work and Pensions Secretary in protest at May's EU withdrawal document.

Asked on Sunday if she'd run, Mrs McVey, 51, said she would 'if people asked'.

Though she might have to wait a long time before anyone asks her, as she has yet to prove she has any intellectual depth.

Her political mentor is Eurosceptic Iain Duncan Smith, and Mrs McVey has been the MP for the Tatton, Cheshire seat — vacated by Europhile George Osborne — since 2017.

Esther Mcvey is a Barnardo's child whose father was variously a scrap metal merchant and an ice cream van driver. Before politics, the Liverpudlian was a breakfast TV presenter

Esther Mcvey is a Barnardo's child whose father was variously a scrap metal merchant and an ice cream van driver. Before politics, the Liverpudlian was a breakfast TV presenter

Esther Mcvey is a Barnardo's child whose father was variously a scrap metal merchant and an ice cream van driver. Before politics, the Liverpudlian was a breakfast TV presenter

The die-hard remainers

Gavin Williamson

Has enjoyed a rapid rise over recent years — thanks to his naked ambition, matinee idol good looks and a penchant for theatrical power play.

As May's Chief Whip, he was rewarded for running her leadership campaign with the job of Defence Secretary.

Best known for having kept a tarantula in a glass box on his Commons desk, seemingly to intimidate Tory MPs who stepped out of line.

Tried to soften his image by saying: 'I don't very much believe in the stick, but it's amazing what can be achieved with a sharpened carrot.'

His time at the defence ministry has been fraught — being dubbed Private Pike, after the hapless youth in Dad's Army, by some service chiefs who see the 42-year-old as a lightweight.

Early this year he confessed to having had a long-ago office romance with a colleague around the time his first son was born, admitting he 'nearly destroyed two marriages'.

A rank outsider — with critics saying only he thinks he has leadership qualities.

As May's Chief Whip, Gavin Williamson (pictured) was rewarded for running her leadership campaign with the job of Defence Secretary

As May's Chief Whip, Gavin Williamson (pictured) was rewarded for running her leadership campaign with the job of Defence Secretary

As May's Chief Whip, Gavin Williamson (pictured) was rewarded for running her leadership campaign with the job of Defence Secretary

Amber Rudd

Broke ranks with Mrs May at the weekend when she conceded the possible need for a second referendum. But generally an ally of the country's second woman PM, complaining that men at Westminster 'seem to flounce out quite a lot'.

Brought back into the Cabinet recently after being forced to resign as Home Secretary over the Windrush scandal in April. The 55-year-old's Achilles heel is the fact that she has a majority of only 346 in her Hastings and Rye constituency.

An alumna of Cheltenham Ladies' College, she was 'aristocracy coordinator' for the film Four Weddings And A Funeral and was previously married to the late restaurant critic A. A. Gill.

Her millionaire PR guru brother Roland was a leading figure in the Remain campaign and is now noisily calling for a second referendum.

Now Welfare and Pensions Secretary, Rudd is considered an unlikely successor to Mrs May because of her steadfast support for the EU — something not appreciated by the Eurosceptic Tory grassroots.

Amber Rudd (pictured) is generally an ally of the country's second woman PM, complaining that men at Westminster 'seem to flounce out quite a lot'

Amber Rudd (pictured) is generally an ally of the country's second woman PM, complaining that men at Westminster 'seem to flounce out quite a lot'

Amber Rudd (pictured) is generally an ally of the country's second woman PM, complaining that men at Westminster 'seem to flounce out quite a lot'

Brexit Loyalists

Andrea Leadsom

A leading figure in the Leave campaign and, expecting Boris Johnson to run for leader afterwards, asked him to make her Chancellor if she supported him.

The 55-year-old's own bid for the leadership foundered after allegations she'd exaggerated her City career.

She then withdrew from the 2016 leadership race after apologising to Theresa May for suggesting being a mother made her a better candidate.

Environment Secretary in May's first Cabinet, but was out of her depth.

Not even worth an outside bet.

55-year-old Andrea Leadsom's own bid for the leadership foundered after allegations she'd exaggerated her City career

55-year-old Andrea Leadsom's own bid for the leadership foundered after allegations she'd exaggerated her City career

55-year-old Andrea Leadsom's own bid for the leadership foundered after allegations she'd exaggerated her City career

Michael Gove

Despite being a die-hard Brexiteer, the Environment Secretary has taken a high-wire stance of staying in Mrs May's Cabinet.

Has toured TV and radio to defend the PM's Brexit plan, which he says is not ideal but is better than a 'calamitous' no deal.

The 51-year-old will run if enough senior party figures urge him to.

Joked this week that he might 'if Boris Johnson nominated me and Philip Hammond seconded'. More likely to back another candidate rather than stand

Despite being a die-hard Brexiteer, the Environment Secretary (pictured) has taken a high-wire stance of staying in Mrs May's Cabinet

Despite being a die-hard Brexiteer, the Environment Secretary (pictured) has taken a high-wire stance of staying in Mrs May's Cabinet

Despite being a die-hard Brexiteer, the Environment Secretary (pictured) has taken a high-wire stance of staying in Mrs May's Cabinet

Penny Mordaunt

Daughter of a former Para and named after frigate HMS Penelope.

The 45-year-old has been MP for Portsmouth North since 2010 and first came to prominence wearing a swimsuit to appear on ITV's celebrity diving show Splash!

A naval reservist, she was first female Armed Forces minister before being promoted to Cabinet as International Development Secretary.

Was the most outspoken critic at the Chequers summit on the Brexit plan, but decided not to resign.

'Not sure she's clever enough to go to the top,' said one former Cabinet minister last night.

Daughter of a former Para, Penny Mourdaunt (pictured) was named after frigate HMS Penelope

Daughter of a former Para, Penny Mourdaunt (pictured) was named after frigate HMS Penelope

Daughter of a former Para, Penny Mourdaunt (pictured) was named after frigate HMS Penelope

Converts

Sajid Javid

The Home Secretary was always regarded as a Brexiteer until he came out for Remain in the referendum.

Javid, 49, now describes himself as an enthusiastic Brexit convert, but is viewed with suspicion by hardliners.

He is also a boring speaker and is regarded as dull and unimaginative by many fellow Tory MPs, with little to offer politically.

The Home Secretary (pictured) was always regarded as a Brexiteer until he came out for Remain in the referendum

The Home Secretary (pictured) was always regarded as a Brexiteer until he came out for Remain in the referendum

The Home Secretary (pictured) was always regarded as a Brexiteer until he came out for Remain in the referendum

Jeremy Hunt

A former Remainer whose reputation has been boosted by his strong six-year record as Health Secretary, which ended when he replaced Boris Johnson as Foreign Secretary.

Affable and quietly authoritative, the 52-year-old has built a loyal following on the backbenches. A convert to Brexit, but vehemently opposed to leaving with no deal.

From allies flooding TV and Twitter to husband Philip watching over her at PMQs, JACK DOYLE looks back at an extraordinary 24 hours in Westminster for Theresa May

The Downing Street switchboard logged the call at 10.35pm on Tuesday. It was Sir Graham Brady for the Prime Minister. It was bad news.

The chairman of the 1922 committee confirmed what the Westminster rumour mill had suggested hours earlier – that 48 MPs had lodged letters of no confidence in the PM and that she would therefore face a vote by the Parliamentary party. If a majority voted against her, she was out.

Mrs May told Sir Graham she was 'keen to get on with it and settle the matter'.

Theresa May (pictured above) was backed by a margin of 200 to 117 in a no-confidence ballot

Theresa May (pictured above) was backed by a margin of 200 to 117 in a no-confidence ballot

Theresa May (pictured above) was backed by a margin of 200 to 117 in a no-confidence ballot

It was a brutal end to a gruelling day. The PM had arrived back at RAF Northolt at 9pm after visiting the Hague, where she met Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte, Berlin for a meeting with Chancellor Merkel and then Brussels to meet EU Council President Donald Tusk and Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker – as she tried to gain assurances over the Northern Ireland backstop that might persuade Tory rebels to back the Government's Withdrawal Agreement.

The whistlestop tour came after she had pulled the vote on the Brexit deal on Monday, knowing that she faced a heavy defeat. Now she was fighting for her political life.

No 10 strikes back

Yesterday the first meeting in No.10 began at 7am – an hour earlier than usual. At 7.40am Sir Graham issued a press release confirming the no confidence vote would be held.

An hour later Mrs May stood in Downing Street and vowed to fight 'with everything I've got'.

She set out several arguments to convince wavering MPs. Firstly, she warned, no new leader could be in place before January 21, the date by which the 'meaningful vote' on the Withdrawal Agreement is due to take place.

This would mean handing control of negotiations to opposition MPs – who could force an even softer Brexit, or a second referendum.

Mrs May also warned it could result in Britain's departure date under Article 50 being either delayed or put off indefinitely.

Home Secretary Sajid Javid (pictured above) was driven out the Houses of Parliament following no confidence vote to Prime Minister Theresa May

Home Secretary Sajid Javid (pictured above) was driven out the Houses of Parliament following no confidence vote to Prime Minister Theresa May

Home Secretary Sajid Javid (pictured above) was driven out the Houses of Parliament following no confidence vote to Prime Minister Theresa May

And she said a leadership contest would see the party spend 'weeks tearing ourselves apart… just as we should be standing together to serve our country.' She added: 'The only people whose interests would be served are Jeremy Corbyn and John McDonnell.'

No time to lose

The realisation that she would face a vote of no confidence was a blow, but it was not wholly unexpected. In mid-November Jacob Rees-Mogg, the chairman of the European Research Group (ERG) of hardline Brexiteers publicly called for Mrs May to go.

That coup attempt failed miserably, but by signalling his intent he handed Downing Street one crucial advantage: time to prepare.

Aides began planning how to manage a no confidence vote.

By contrast, the rebels appeared disorganised. At least one member of the ERG was reported to be 'furious' at the speed with which the vote was called – they had expected it to be next Monday, giving more time to prepare.

The rules of the 1922 committee say a vote should be held soon as practically possible, so Sir Graham was well within his rights to go quickly.

The quick vote also suited No 10. Senior aides who discussed timing on Tuesday concluded it would have been impossible to go to the EU Council on Thursday to try and extract concessions from EU leaders with the vote 'hanging over our heads'.

Michael Gove (pictured above) leaving the Houses of Parliament in Westminster

Michael Gove (pictured above) leaving the Houses of Parliament in Westminster

Michael Gove (pictured above) leaving the Houses of Parliament in Westminster

Loyalists rally

The Downing Street machine went into overdrive. Loyalist MPs took to TV and radio stations to hammer home the PM's message, following the lead of Justice Secretary David Gauke, who appeared on the all-important 8.10am interview slot on Radio 4's Today programme. No 10 hammered MPs with polling data.

It showed two-thirds of Tory councillors wanted Mrs May to stay and three-quarters of Tory voters want her to see through Brexit.

The public don't believe rivals would get a better deal, by three to one. Internal party polling also revealed three-quarters of Tory voters say it is the 'wrong time to change Prime Minister' and that Mrs May is the most popular leader among Tory voters of all potential candidates.

British Secretary for International Development Penny Mordaunt (pictured above)

British Secretary for International Development Penny Mordaunt (pictured above)

British Secretary for International Development Penny Mordaunt (pictured above)

Twitter takes off

On social media, the Cabinet swung in behind Mrs May and other ministers followed. Within minutes of Sir Graham announcing the vote, party chairman Brandon Lewis tweeted his support for Mrs May, saying the party had a 'duty to deliver for our country'.

Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt, Home Secretary Sajid Javid and Work and Pensions Secretary Amber Rudd – all seen as potential leadership candidates – followed with supportive tweets within the next 20 minutes.

Business Secretary Greg Clark tweeted to say he admired Mrs May's 'grit and determination' and Michael Gove said he was backing her '100 per cent'.

Jeremy Hunt (pictured above) had a glum expression on his face when leaving Parliament

Jeremy Hunt (pictured above) had a glum expression on his face when leaving Parliament

Jeremy Hunt (pictured above) had a glum expression on his face when leaving Parliament

At 10am Julian Smith, the chief whip, also tweeted his support. The only ministers not to tweet, including Transport Secretary Chris Grayling and Culture Secretary Jeremy Wright, do not have personal Twitter accounts.

One of last to declare his support was Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson, who was in No 10 and did not have his phone.

Meanwhile, the battle was being fought in the corridors of the House of Commons.

The whips, charged with enforcing discipline , were arm-twisting and cajoling potential rebels and also went to work on their 'flocks' of MPs, feeding back the voting numbers to Smith

There was a notable absence of new opponents declaring they would not vote for May.

Former Environment Secretary Owen Paterson announced his intention to do so on Tuesday night, and Sir Bernard Jenkin on Wednesday morning, but neither declaration was a big surprise. More worrying for No 10 were those MPs said to be 'making up their minds'.

Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, Amber Rudd (pictured above) leaves parliament on December 12

Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, Amber Rudd (pictured above) leaves parliament on December 12

Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, Amber Rudd (pictured above) leaves parliament on December 12

Xmas cancelled

Some MPs pointed to one factor in play other than high principle: Christmas. One loyalist said, voice dripping with sarcasm: 'Obviously in many ways I'd rather have a hugely acrimonious leadership contest over Christmas. But also in many ways not.'

Some interventions by ministers were unhelpful. Chancellor Philip Hammond said the vote would 'flush out the extremists' behind an agenda for Brexit which would damage Britain – a comment Mrs May later contradicted.

Plymouth MP Johnny Mercer – a critic of the Government but not a Brexiteer – called it 'woefully misjudged'.

Sir Graham Brady (centre), chairman of the 1922 Committee, and flanked by Geoffrey Clifton-Brown (left), Bob Blackman, and Cheryl Gillian (right), announced that Theresa May survived an attempt by Tory MPs to oust her as party leader with a motion of no confidence at the Houses of Parliament in London

Sir Graham Brady (centre), chairman of the 1922 Committee, and flanked by Geoffrey Clifton-Brown (left), Bob Blackman, and Cheryl Gillian (right), announced that Theresa May survived an attempt by Tory MPs to oust her as party leader with a motion of no confidence at the Houses of Parliament in London

Sir Graham Brady (centre), chairman of the 1922 Committee, and flanked by Geoffrey Clifton-Brown (left), Bob Blackman, and Cheryl Gillian (right), announced that Theresa May survived an attempt by Tory MPs to oust her as party leader with a motion of no confidence at the Houses of Parliament in London

The same Cabinet ministers who were publicly eviscerating their colleagues for not supporting the PM were, at the same time, phoning MPs to gather support for their own leadership bids, he claimed.

Arch-Remainer Anna Soubry accused Boris Johnson of being a 'great charlatan' and of 'cruising around the tea rooms' to gather support. Meanwhile, Labour MPs could barely keep the smiles off their faces.

'We're going to have a lunch then come back and put our feet up. Merry Christmas,' one Labour aide said.

'A win is a win'

The Prime Minister (left) had met with Mark Rutte (right) on Tuesday to discuss the Brexit deal

The Prime Minister (left) had met with Mark Rutte (right) on Tuesday to discuss the Brexit deal

The Prime Minister (left) had met with Mark Rutte (right) on Tuesday to discuss the Brexit deal

Just after lunch, the number of MPs who had publicly declared in Mrs May's favour was up to 172.

This gave officials hope, although they were not counting their chickens. One senior Tory said: 'This is a sophisticated electorate – some may be lying.'

There was also an elaborate game of 'managing expectations'. One senior Tory critic of Mrs May said she would have to go if 80 MPs rebelled because she had lost a majority of backbench MPs.

By contrast, one Cabinet minister said she could lose by 100 and still continue as leader. Others insisted 'a win is a win' – and she would press on regardless even if she won by one vote.

Facing PMQs

Mrs May arrived at the Commons in her ministerial car at 11.10am. Her husband, Philip, there for Prime Minister's Questions, and told the Mail he was 'very confident' of victory. Mrs May sailed through PMQs – Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn sounded angry and failed to land a blow.

Then in the post-PMQs briefing of lobby journalists a No 10 aide dropped a bombshell.

He said Mrs May 'doesn't believe the vote today is about who leads the party to the next election.

It's about whether it's sensible to change leader at this point in the negotiations'.

This was a major signal to MPs that the PM would not seek to fight the next election, due in 2022. It was seen by some as a sign that No 10 was not confident about the vote.

Rebuff from DUP

Just after 1pm, Mrs May met with DUP leader Arlene Foster and deputy leader Nigel Dodds in the PM's Commons office in an attempt to try to rebuild relations.

The Northern Irish party has all but abandoned its support for the Government over the Northern Irish backstop.

Jacob Rees Mogg (pictured above) said he ‘accepted the confidence vote’ but said the PM should resign anyway

Jacob Rees Mogg (pictured above) said he ‘accepted the confidence vote’ but said the PM should resign anyway

Jacob Rees Mogg (pictured above) said he 'accepted the confidence vote' but said the PM should resign anyway

After the meeting, Mrs Foster demanded 'fundamental changes' to the legal text of the agreement.

Several Tory MPs intending to vote against the PM pointed to the collapse of the DUP deal to support the Government – and the loss of its majority in the Commons – being key to their decision.

Shock and tears

Just after 5pm Mrs May made the earlier hint explicit, as she addressed the crunch meeting of Tory MPs in Committee Room 14 – the room where, shortly afterwards, they would vote to decide her fate.

She told them: 'In my heart I would have loved to have led us into the next election, but I realise that we will need a new leader with new objectives for the 2022 election.' Sources said the mood in the room was 'sombre' and there was 'shock and a few tears in the eyes' when she said it.

Cabinet minister Chris Grayling (pictured above) immediately insisted Mrs May would now go to Brussels to try and renegotiate the deal

Cabinet minister Chris Grayling (pictured above) immediately insisted Mrs May would now go to Brussels to try and renegotiate the deal

Cabinet minister Chris Grayling (pictured above) immediately insisted Mrs May would now go to Brussels to try and renegotiate the deal

One Tory MP described it as a 'powerful and moving moment' and the PM had 'listened, heard and respects' the will of the party.

When pressed, Mrs May refused to set a clear date for her departure –as Tony Blair was forced to following the 'Curry House plot' in 2006.

She also slapped down Mr Hammond for his earlier 'extremists' jibe, saying 'there are no extremists in this party'.

The result

Shortly before 9pm, Sir Graham entered Committee Room 14 – which was packed withMPs, minister and journalists, to announce Mrs May had won.

The announcement was greeted with the loud banging of desks by loyalists.

Then Sir Graham announced the result – 200 for and 117 against, meaning more than a third of the party voted against the PM.

Cabinet minister Chris Grayling immediately insisted Mrs May would now go to Brussels to try and renegotiate the deal.

Allies also pointed out the PM had won more votes than she did in the first round of the leadership contest in 2016. Rees Mogg said he 'accepted the confidence vote' but said the PM should resign anyway.

Half an hour later outside No 10, a chastened Mrs May accepted it had been a 'long and challenging day'.

Brexit Q&A

What is the backstop and why is it so toxic?

Under Theresa May’s Brexit agreement, the backstop comes in if no trade deal with the EU has been reached by the end of the transition period – on December 31, 2020. Until then the UK will continue to act largely as if it is an EU member state.

The backstop would, in effect, keep the UK in a customs union with the EU. It would also require Northern Ireland to sign up to EU single market rules while the rest of the UK would be largely free to set their own. The two measures are designed to ensure the Irish border remains completely open to trade. However, it means that goods coming into Northern Ireland from Britain will have to be checked to see if they meet EU single market standards.

To the Democratic Unionist Party, which props up Mrs May’s Government, this undermines the Union by creating a regulatory barrier for goods crossing the Irish Sea. At the same time, Tory Brexiteers do not like the backstop because there is no legally-binding end date – and no way for the UK to unilaterally leave it.

Britain could theoretically just walk away, but not without ripping up a major treaty and ending any chance of an EU trade deal. Inside the backstop, the UK’s ability to secure meaningful trade deals will be very limited. Mrs May has been travelling round Europe trying to get changes to the backstop to support her argument it will not last indefinitely.

What are May’s options?

HER DEAL GETS THROUGH

Theresa May has just days to persuade her European partners to agree changes to the deal.

It is thought that her Withdrawal Agreement can only get through the Commons if the EU agrees to a legal addendum committing it to negotiating a free trade deal and agreeing a mechanism to allow the UK to exit the backstop unilaterally. The PM would hope that such a change – however unlikely – would persuade the DUP to drop its opposition and back her.

It could also require a small number of Labour MPs to support the arrangement to counter-act the hardline Brexiteers determined to thwart it any cost. The deal is likely to be voted on before January 21 and the delay may help the Government by convincing MPs they have no alternative.

‘MANAGED NO DEAL’

However, if the Commons is determined not to pass Mrs May’s deal, refuses the option of a Norway-style soft Brexit and Article 50 is not extended, the only option may be No Deal. That would see Britain moving to trade on much less advantageous World Trade Organisation rules, which could lead to higher tariffs – harming British business. There are also concerns about chaos at Channel ports because of the need for customs and regulatory checks, leading to shortages of medicines and a significant short-term impact on the economy.

Some Brexiteers are in favour of this option. Others prefer a ‘managed no deal’, with various short-term agreements including cash payments to soften the impact. The question is whether the many Remainers in Parliament would find a mechanism to block it.

NORWAY-STYLE SOFT BREXIT

If Mrs May cannot secure legally-binding changes to her deal and it falls in the Commons, she has pledged to bring forward a motion by January 21 laying out what she will do next.

This will give Remainers such as Tory MP Dominic Grieve the chance to make their move and propose alternatives.

One option would be a Norway-style soft Brexit, where the UK stays in the EU single market by joining Efta, the free trade club of which Norway is a member.

We would be in the single market without having a say on the rules. The UK would also require a customs union with the EU.

But this option would mean large annual contributions and keeping free movement of people. However, some members of the Cabinet see it as a way of getting out – and it could win support from Labour MPs.

SECOND REFERENDUM

Some believe the defeat of the anti-May plot makes a softer Brexit or a second referendum more likely. If her deal is rejected by the Commons and Labour fails to force a general election by passing a no-confidence motion in the Government, MPs may try to impose a second referendum via a vote in Parliament.

However, there would be huge squabbles about the question. Would it be Remain v No Deal, Remain v May’s Deal, or No Deal v May’s Deal? This would also require the extension of Article 50 because it takes months to organise a referendum.

GENERAL ELECTION

Should Mrs May lose the meaningful vote on her Brexit deal, Labour’s position is that it wants a general election. It would put forward a no confidence motion, and all eyes would be on the DUP.

It would have to decide whether it wanted to risk the prospect of Jeremy Corbyn – a man who has campaigned all his life for a United Ireland – getting into No 10.

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