Today, the Trump government has raised a new united commander in the army who will focus entirely on space. Pleasant the US Space Command, the organization will be led by a four-star general and in the coming years will be responsible for drawing up the US military agenda and doctrine for space.
"Because the newest combatant commander SPACECOM will defend America's vital interests in space – the next warfare domain," President Donald Trump said today during a ceremony that the Space Command arose. "And I think that's pretty clear to everyone. It's all about space." After Trump's speech on the merits of Space Command, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper signed documents that had formally established the organization. also a new flag for the command revealed.
In reality, it is not actually US Space Command new ones. The army once had a Space Command, founded in 1985 after a push to focus on space battles. It worked for almost 20 years, but after the September 11 terrorist attacks, the US wanted to focus more on warfare in North America. As a result, Space Command became entangled in US Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM), which focuses on nuclear deterrence. Since then, the space strategy of the army has emerged from that commander of the Armed Forces of the Joint Force Space Component Command (JFSCC). But from today, the agenda for the national security area will be determined by an independent group.
Space Command is an entity other than Trump & # 39; s proposed Space Force. When the Space Force becomes something, it is focused on organizing, training and resting, or OTE. That means figuring out what kind of space assets need to be created – such as satellites for surveillance, communication, navigation and more – that satellites build and then train people to operate. A commander of the warrior, on the other hand, focuses on warfare at a higher level. For space this means that we have to figure out how we can integrate the use of these satellites in the missions of the Ministry of Defense. "All commanders of the warrior all have their own war plans," says Brian Weeden, director of program planning for the Secure World Foundation, an organization that promotes sustainable space solutions. The edge. “How does the space fit in? Space Command is now going to help with that. "
The other major responsibility of the Space Command is to devise the army playbook for space-related scenarios. "The biggest thing a warrior commander does is that he thinks of all the bad things that can happen in his control area," says Weeden. "And then they drew up a plan for responding to all the bad things that could happen." For example, if a foreign opponent hacked into an American surveillance satellite, the Space Command would have a detailed checklist for how to respond to such an event. And they would invent a protocol for those in charge of the situation.
However, little is changing, except for some bureaucratic rearrangements. The organization is still led by the same person – General John Raymond – except that he does not have to report to the USSTRATCOM leader. Many of the same personnel who were engaged in space combat within USSTRATCOM will do the same for US Space Command. And although the location of the command headquarters has yet to be determined, the two most important components of Space Command organizations will be those in use: the Combined Space Operation Center (CSpOC) at Vandenberg Air Force Base and the National Space Defense Center (NSDC), in Colorado Springs. CSpOC is in charge of improving the country's space capabilities and coordinating the space agenda between the US, international partners and commercial companies. The NSDC is responsible for identifying and warning of threats to US space assets.
For now it is unclear how this resurrection of a separate space command will change things. But the fact that space battles are decided by a completely independent organization can mean a sharper focus on space issues in national security, says Weeden. "It's not that different," he says. "I would say what it does is that it creates the conditions for things to change in the future."
In the meantime, the future of the Space Force has yet to be determined. Ultimately, the decision is now in the hands of Congress, which will decide whether the new military branch will rise and how much money it will receive if it does. That decision can come as soon as Congress makes a decision on the next National Defense Authorization Act for 2020.
The newly minted Space Command is in full swing from today. "Just as we have recognized land, air, sea and cyber as vital areas of warfare, we will now treat space as an independent region, under the supervision of a new united geographic combat command," Trump said.