The statue of Christopher Columbus that has stood in south Philadelphia since 1876 will be removed from the square
There has been renewed push to remove Confederate Monuments following the death of George Floyd in police custody.
In May and June 2020, a number of monuments and memorials were destroyed or removed, or commitments were announced to remove them. Some had been the subject of protracted, years of attempts to remove them. Where legal roads had nearly failed, some monuments were deliberately demolished.
Many statues of Christopher Columbus were removed because he participated in abuses against Native Americans and his arrival in America was the beginning of the Native American genocide.
Monuments to many other local figures related to racism were also removed. Some pro-union or anti-slavery monuments were also targeted, as they were seen to embody a disrespectful attitude towards Native Americans or slaves.
At least 82 monuments or plaques in cities across the country have been removed since the protests began.
General Stonewall Jackson and Confederate President Jefferson Davis, Richmond, Virginia
The mayor of Richmond, Levar Stoney, ordered the immediate removal of several associated statues.
“These images, while symbolic, have cast shadows on the dreams of our children of color,” Stoney said. “Let me be clear, the removal of these monuments is not a solution to the deep-rooted racial injustices in our city and our country, but is a down payment.”
Work began with the statues of General Stonewall Jackson, who became one of the most famous Confederate commanders, and General Robert E. Lee, sole president of the Confederate States of America.
People watch as the statue of Stonewall Jackson is removed from Monument Avenue in Richmond, Virginia on July 1, 2020
A statue of Confederate States President Jefferson Davis lies on the street after protesters demolished it in Richmond, Virginia
John C. Calhoun, Charleston, South Carolina
Charleston crews demolished a statue of politician John C. Calhoun, a former vice president of the United States, from its pedestal in Marion Square on June 24. He is remembered for his vigorous defense of slavery and for promoting the concept of minority state rights in politics.
Workers use aerial platforms to remove the statue of John C. Calhoun atop a monument in Marion Square in Charleston, South Carolina in June
The John Breckinridge Castleman Memorial, Louisville, Kentucky
John Breckinridge Castleman was a Confederate officer and later a brigadier general in the United States Army, as well as a prominent landowner and businessman in Louisville, Kentucky. The statue will eventually make its way to Cave Hill Cemetery, where Castleman is buried.
Jefferson Davis statue from Kentucky Capitol roundabout, Frankfort, Kentucky
The statue had been in the building since 1936. Five years ago, Frankfort officials voted to get rid of the statue, but in the end they only removed the bronze plaque displayed in front.
Workers hoist a statue of Jefferson Davis after removing it from the Kentucky State Capitol in Frankfort, Kentucky in early June
Charles Linn, a city founder who was with the Confederate Navy, in Birmingham, Alabama
Linn was a sailor, wholesaler, banker and industrialist. He was a captain in the Confederate Navy and later a founding member of Birmingham, Alabama.
Robert E. Lee who stood for Lee High School in Montgomery, Alabama
Robert Edward Lee was an American Confederate general best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He commanded the Army of Northern Virginia from 1862 until his surrender in 1865.
The statue of Robert E. Lee is at Lee High School in Montgomery, Alabama, pictured in June 2020. The school has a majority of black students.
Edward Carmack, a former United States Senator, Nashville, Tennessee
Carmack was a lawyer, journalist, and political figure who served as a United States Senator from Tennessee from 1901 to 1907. After his political service and an unsuccessful tenure as Governor of Tennessee, he became editor of the one-year Nashville Tennessean.
Protesters toppled Edward Carmack statue outside the Capitol after a peaceful rally turned violent in Nashville, Tennessee in late May
Confederate Admiral Raphael Semmes, Mobile, Alabama
Raphael Semmes was an officer in the Confederate Navy during the American Civil War. Until then, he was a serving officer in the US Navy from 1826 to 1860. During the American Civil War, Semmes captained the cruiser CSS Alabama, the most successful commercial raider in naval history, with 65 awards.
The pedestal where the statue of Admiral Raphael Semmes stands empty, in Mobile, Alabama. The City of Mobile removed the Confederate statue without making any public announcement
Bronze statue of the Confederate soldier called ‘Appomattox’ removed from Old Town Alexandria, Virginia
The Battle of Appomattox Court House, fought in Appomattox County, Virginia, on the morning of April 9, 1865, was one of the last battles of the American Civil War.