Medical students are using a boy robot to better understand how young patients respond to treatment.
Called HAL, the realistic robot can cry, bleed, speak and enter anaphylactic shock. It also has a "pulse".
The device was created by Gaumard Scientific, which has been creating teaching simulators for hospitals, schools and other industries since the 1940s.
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WHAT PROCEDURES CAN BE TESTED IN HAL?
- Glucose meters
- Blood pressure cuff
- Urinary catheterization
- Blood test on the forearm
- Monitoring of oxygen level in real time
- Surgical airways
- Insertion of the thoracic tube
Hal marks an important change with respect to the test dummies, and not just in the price, since the unit starts with a whopping $ 48,000.
"Participants can perform a full range of emergency procedures that include surgical airway, needle decompression and thoracic tube thoracostomy with the highest degree of realism," John Eggers, executive vice president of Gaumard, said in a statement.
"It's the closest experience to pediatric emergency care in the real world available today."
To make it reflect a real human, Guamard engineers studied real children by observing their facial expressions, including how their muscles moved and their brows furrowed, according to Wired.
The child can shake his head from side to side, cry real tears and even call his mother when he feels distressed.
There is also an integrated voice simulator that converts your voice into that of a five-year-old child, so you can talk about custom commands or phrases.
It consists of a mechanical-pneumatic system that creates a pulse, as well as a cartridge in the leg of the robot that exhales carbon dioxide.
Hal marks an important change with respect to the test dummies, and not just in the price, since the unit starts with a whopping $ 48,000. Includes realistic blood, tears and breathing mechanisms
His eyes can follow a light in front of him, while he can even be programmed to say custom phrases. You can also cry real tears and simulate distress by calling your mother
A hydraulic system makes him cry tears and pumps blood all over his body.
This allows students to learn how to operate a glucose monitor on the robot, since pricking your finger will generate a drop of blood.
His eyes can follow a light in front of him and his pupils will shrink if a light comes on in front of them.
In addition, the robot can even urinate or suffer cardiac arrest.
"In certain situations like anaphylaxis, your tongue will swell, your throat will swell," James Archetto, vice president of Gaumard, told Wired.
Students can open an opening in Hal's throat to insert a tracheal tube, simulating the creation of another airway. They can also hook HAL up to an EKG to read their heart activity
A hydraulic system makes him cry tears. This allows the apprentices to learn how to operate a glucose monitor in the robot. Pinching your finger will generate a drop of blood
Students can open an opening in Hal's throat to insert a tracheal tube, simulating the creation of another airway.
You can connect it to an EKG to monitor your "heart" and check your pulse with a cuff, or have it regain consciousness with a defibrillator.
You can also imitate emotions of anguish, such as grimacing, crying or screaming.
Whoever controls the system can also increase the intensity of their emotions to create an even more stressful environment.
"We can increase the level of stress so high for the participants that people will cry, they essentially have to leave the stage," Marc Berg, Stanford's medical director, told Wired.
Gaumard is behind other realistic robots like Victoria, who is a robotic woman who can give birth, as well as Super Tory, a newborn baby that helps students detect signs of illness in babies
Hal is composed of a mechanical-pneumatic system that creates a pulse, as well as a cartridge in the leg of the robot that exhales carbon dioxide. You can also shake your head from side to side
"I think there is a good potential that we will see more of that emotional response when the mannequin is so realistic."
Gaumard is behind other realistic training robots like Victoria, who is a robotic woman who can give birth, as well as Super Tory, a newborn baby that helps students detect signs of illness in babies.
With Hal, the company had to be careful not to scare the medical students by making the boy look too real.
They avoided adding human touches such as facial spots or freckles, otherwise they could have distracted apprentices, Wired said.
With Hal, the company had to be careful not to scare the medical students by making the boy look too real. They avoided adding human touches like facial spots or freckles
Still, the device marks an important step in robotic training devices.
"Maybe one day the machines will be so sophisticated that they can interpret our emotions and replicate our emotions," Lillian Su, medical director of simulation at the Heart Center of the Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, told Wired.
"But until then, we humans have to control that part and know how to use the machine so that we can train people in that kind of environment.
"I think it's going to add an emotional layer, a challenge that educators should be prepared for," he added.