The Queen has agreed to Boris Johnson's plan to suspend parliament, as the prime minister is trying to prevent MPs from blocking the UK from leaving the EU on October 31.
Johnson set out his proposal to the monarch this morning in a phone call while Jacob Rees-Mogg, the Commons Leader, flew to Balmoral Castle in Scotland to present it to her in person.
The Queen then formally approved the order to preach parliament this afternoon, while Mr. Johnson put the glove on to Jeremy Corbyn and the & # 39; Remain Alliance & # 39; recorded.
The Prime Minister overwhelmed his political opponents this morning and stunned Westminster this morning because he said he would send MPs home most of September and early October.
Johnson will then hold a Queen & # 39; s Speech on October 14, setting out the legislative agenda of his government, just two weeks before the UK will leave Brussels.
Prorogation will take place at some point in the week of September 9 in a movement that will dramatically reduce the amount of time available for MEPs who want to adopt a new law that would force Mr. Johnson to ask the EU to postpone Brexit. is on track for a No Deal split on Halloween.
The decision to preach parliament has greatly boosted the commitment to the fight for the Brexit and represents a big gamble for Mr. Johnson, who effectively challenges his opponents to try and put him down next week and quickly establish general elections to bring.
Senior remain MPs agreed yesterday to prioritize the passage of anti-No Deal legislation over a potential vote of no confidence because they are trying to prevent a bad breakthrough from Brussels.
But Mr. Johnson's decision to significantly reduce the amount of time available for such a law means that MPs can now be forced to cast a vote to overthrow the prime minister when they return from their summer vacation next week.
Downing Street, however, is bullish about the chances of beating a vote of no confidence, with officials deeply skeptical about Mr. Corbyn's ability to convince a majority of MPs to support the movement.
In the meantime, it is thought that Mr. Johnson could simply choose to ignore a successful vote without confidence.
The convention requires a defeated prime minister to resign, but sources said today that Mr. Johnson could refuse to stop, dissolve parliament, and then call an election himself.
His decision to prosecute Parliament for five weeks led to a political storm, because opposition MPs and Tory rebels claimed that Mr. Johnson was acting as a & # 39; tinpot dictator & # 39 ;.
Jeremy Corbyn, the Labor leader, accused the prime minister of a & # 39; collapse and seized against our democracy & # 39; and he wrote to the queen to express his concern and demand a meeting with the prince.
The prime minister, however, defended his decision because he said that MPs still have & # 39; sufficient time & # 39; would have to debate the Brexit in the run-up to the existing deadline of October 31.
The Prime Minister has asked the Queen (pictured together on the day he was appointed Prime Minister last month) for permission to parliament in September
Johnson set out his decision to preach parliament in a letter that was sent to every member of parliament this morning
The leader of the Commons, Jacob Rees-Mogg, flew to Balmoral Castle to present Boris Johnson's plan to personally present the parliament to the queen. The frost approved the plan this afternoon. Mr. Rees-Mogg is pictured as he arrives at Aberdeen Airport on the way back to London.
On a dramatic day in Westminster:
- The pound fell by more than one percent against the dollar and the euro amid growing fear in the markets of a No Deal Brexit.
- A handful of Tory Remainer rebels said they could support a vote of no confidence in Mr. Johnson's government.
- Commons speaker John Bercow said the move is a & # 39; constitutional outrage & # 39; meant.
- Opposition MPs say they will refuse to leave the House of Commons if Mr. Johnson closes the doors of Parliament.
- The Union's bosses accused the prime minister of having a & # 39; dictatorial way & # 39; behave to silence & # 39; all opposition & # 39 ;.
- More than two dozen Church of England bishops warned in an open letter that a No Deal Brexit was the & # 39; least resilient & # 39; in society.
- Guy Verhofstadt, the Brexit coordinator of the European Parliament, said that & # 39; taking back control & # 39; has never looked so sinister & # 39 ;.
- Sir Vince Cable, the former Lib Dem leader, announced his intention to resign as a member of parliament at the next election when it falls.
- The DUP supported the decision to suspend Parliament, but said the move would require it to review its & # 39; trust and offer & # 39; deal to support the Tories.
- Brexit Secretary Stephen Barclay would use a speech in Paris today to urge France to participate in discussions with the UK about minimizing No Deal disruption.
The prime minister has repeatedly promised to deliver Brexit by 31 October with or without a deal and & # 39; do or die & # 39 ;.
This morning he had the idea that he would suspend Parliament to prevent MPs from thwarting No Deal & # 39; not at all true & # 39; used to be.
He told Sky News: & # 39; As I said on the stairs of Downing Street, we will not wait until October 31 before we continue with our plans to help this country move forward and this is a new government with a very exciting agenda To make our streets safer … we have to invest in our fantastic NHS.
& # 39; We need to increase education funding across the country, we need to invest in the infrastructure that will help this country for decades and we have to deal with the cost of living on the way to a high-wage and high-productivity economy that's what I think this country should be.
& # 39; We need new legislation for that. We have to submit new and important legislative proposals and that is why we are going to hold a Queen's speech and that we will do on October 14. We must now continue with a new legislative program. & # 39;
What is happening now with the Brexit process in Parliament?
These are the most important dates in the countdown to October 31, when the UK has to leave the European Union with or without a deal.
September 3: MPs return to the Lower House for the first session after the summer break.
September 4: Chancellor Sajid Javid for Commons statement on government spending in 2020/21.
September 9: Parliament probably starts prorogation process.
10 September: Parliament is likely to be sold until 14 October.
September 14: Liberal Democratic party conference starts in Bournemouth. Jo Swinson will probably give a speech on September 17.
September 21: Labor party conference starts in Brighton. Jeremy Corbyn will probably give a speech on September 25.
September 29: Conservative party conference starts in Manchester. Boris Johnson will probably give a speech on October 2.
October 14: State Opening of Parliament, including Queen & # 39; s Speech.
17/18 October: EU summit in Brussels.
October 21/22: Parliament is likely to hold a series of votes on Queen's speech.
October 31: UK due to departure from the EU.
Johnson said that MPs still have enough opportunities to have their say on the UK's departure from the bloc.
"There will be plenty of time on both sides of that crucial October 17 summit, enough time in Parliament for MEPs to debate the EU, to debate Brexit and all other issues," he said.
The date of 17 October refers to a planned meeting of the European Council in Brussels – the last one before the Brexit deadline.
That meeting will be a making or breaking moment for Great Britain and the bloc, as this is probably the last chance to agree a new deal.
Johnson is trying to persuade the EU to remove the Irish border stop from the existing agreement to make it more pleasant for MPs.
The Prime Minister outlined his decision to suspend Parliament in a letter that was sent to MPs this morning.
In the letter he said: & # 39; This morning I spoke with Her Majesty The Queen to request a termination of the current parliamentary term in the second session in September, before the second session of this Parliament. begin with a speech from the Queen on Monday, October 14.
"A key feature of the legislative program will be the government's main legislative priority, if a new deal is to be reached in the Council of the EU, to introduce a proposal for a withdrawal agreement and act swiftly to ensure that it will proceed before 31 October. to secure."
Johnson said that the weeks prior to the European Council were vital because of my negotiations with the EU. as a sign that he does not want MPs to do anything to derail his hope of concluding an agreement.
He believes that the option of a No Deal split is an important lever for negotiation.
& # 39; Member States are watching with great interest what Parliament is doing and only by showing unity and determination do we have a chance to win a new deal that can be adopted by Parliament, & # 39; he said.
& # 39; In the meantime, the government will take a responsible approach by continuing its preparations for leaving the EU, with or without a deal. & # 39;
Johnson also emphasized in his letter that MPs are given the opportunity to vote on the Brexit government's approach after the EU Council meeting.
"If I succeed in agreeing an agreement with the EU, Parliament will have the opportunity to submit the legislative proposal necessary for the ratification of the agreement before 31 October; he said.
John Bercow labels are moving to give Parliament a & # 39; constitutional outrage & # 39; to suspend
House of Commons John Bercow has criticized Boris Johnson's decision to suspend parliament.
Bercow said the move & # 39; an insult to the democratic process & # 39; used to be.
His intervention is an important development, because he will play an important role in the coming days if and when members of parliament who are lagging behind try to seize control of the Commons to adopt an anti-No Deal law.
Bercow will probably have to agree to parliamentary rules to make such a development possible.
He said: I have not been in contact with the government, but if the reports that she wants to prorogenize Parliament are confirmed, this step is a constitutional outrage.
& # 39; No matter how dressed, it is obvious that the purpose of the prorogation now is to prevent Parliament from debating the Brexit and fulfilling its duty to set a course for the country.
& # 39; At present, one of the most challenging periods in our country's history, it is vital that our elected Parliament can have its say. After all, we live in a parliamentary democracy.
& # 39; Shutting down Parliament would violate the democratic process and the rights of parliamentarians as representatives of the people. & # 39;
Bookmakers responded to the news by reducing the chance of a No Deal Brexit. Betfair placed the odds on No Deal split at 5/4 – the shortest chance ever.
Despite Mr. Johnson's protests on the contrary, opposition members and Tory rebels responded with anger to the movement and accused him of shutting the Commons out of play.
Corbyn accused the prime minister of launching a & # 39; collapse and grabbed against our democracy & # 39 ;.
He said: “I am appalled at the recklessness of Johnson & # 39; s government, who is talking about sovereignty and yet trying to suspend parliament to prevent her plans for a reckless No Deal Brexit from being investigated. This is an outrage and a threat to our democracy.
& # 39; Therefore, Labor has worked throughout the Parliament to hold this reckless government to account and to prevent a disastrous No Deal that the Parliament has already ruled out.
& # 39; If Johnson has confidence in his plans, he must present them to the people in a general election or a public vote. & # 39;
The Labor leader has written to the queen to express his concern and to request a meeting with the prince.
Mr. Corbyn did not commit himself today to declaring a vote of no confidence in the government next week because he said he would have a & # 39; at some point & # 39; could call.
But the prospect of such a vote taking place before MPs are sent home now seems increasingly likely.
The chance that it succeeds also grows after a number of Tory Remain supporting members of parliament expressed their aversion to Mr Johnson.
Dominic Grieve, the former Attorney General of Tory, who was previously involved in trying to stop a bad break from Brussels, said: & I think (a voice without confidence) is more likely because if it is impossible to prevent prorogation, I think it will be very difficult for people like me to keep trust in the government, and I understood very well why the opposition leader might want to submit a motion for a vote of no confidence. & # 39;
Philip Hammond, the former Chancellor of Tory, reiterated a similar feeling when he said: & # 39; It would be a constitutional outrage if Parliament did not hold the government to account in a time of national crisis. Deeply undemocratic. & # 39;
Enraged members of the opposition reacted this morning to the news that Parliament would be suspended shortly before the Brexit deadline
Boris Johnson defends the decision to preach parliament
The Prime Minister explained his decision to suspend Parliament this morning in a television interview.
This is what he said completely:
& # 39; As I said on the stairs of Downing Street, we are not going to wait until October 31 before continuing with our plans to help this country move forward.
& # 39; And this is a new government with a very exciting agenda to make our streets safer – it is very important that we bring down violent crime; we have to invest in our fantastic NHS; we must increase the financing of education throughout the country; we must invest in the infrastructure that will help this country for decades to come; and we have to deal with the cost of living on the way to an economy with high wages and high productivity, which I think this country should be.
& # 39; And to do that, we need new legislation, we need to bring out new and important bills, and that's why we have a Queen & # 39; s Speech and we're going to do it on October 14 and we have must now continue with a new legislative program. & # 39;
When Mr. Johnson was told that his critics will say that proroguing parliament is an insult to democracy and a way to deny parliamentarians the time to stop a chaotic separation from the EU on October 31, the prime minister said: & # 39; That is not true at all. If you look at what we do, we come up with a new legislative program on crime, hospitals and ensure that we have the education funding that we need.
& # 39; And there will be plenty of time on both sides of that crucial October 17 summit, enough time in Parliament for MEPs to debate the EU, to debate the Brexit, and all other issues. Plenty of time. & # 39;
When asked if he is planning a general election before the end of the year, Mr. Johnson said: & # 39; No. What you need to deduce from this is that we are doing exactly what I said about the steps of Downing Street, that is that we must now continue with our national legislative agenda.
& # 39; People will expect … I have to … we must continue with the things that Parliament has to approve about tackling crime, about building the infrastructure we need, about technology, about leveling our education and reducing the cost of life.
& # 39; That's why we need a Queen & # 39; s Speech, and we continue with it. & # 39;
When asked what he would say to those who might be concerned, the prime minister said: & # 39; We must continue with our domestic agenda and therefore we are announcing a Queen & # 39; s Speech by October 14. & # 39;
Labor representative, Tom Watson, called it a & # 39; extremely shameful insult to our democracy & # 39; and said: & # 39; We should not let this happen & # 39 ;.
Scotland's Prime Minister, Nicola Sturgeon, said: & It seems that Boris Johnson may be closing Parliament to enforce a no-deal Brexit.
& # 39; Unless MPs come together to stop him next week, history goes down as a dark one indeed for British democracy. & # 39;
Angela Rayner of Labor, the secretary of shadow education, compared Johnson with King Charles I, whose tide against Parliament ended in a war and the king's execution in 1649.
& # 39; A constitutional indignation clear and simple, Charles I did this regularly, causing chaos, now an unelected prime minister trying to close parliament for his own political gain, this does not take democracy back, this destroys democracy , & # 39; she said.
Colleague MP and Chairman of the Home Affairs Committee Yvette Cooper tweeted: & Boris Johnson is trying to use the Queen to concentrate power in his own hands – this is an extremely dangerous and irresponsible way to rule. & # 39;
Green MP Caroline Lucas said on Twitter: & # 39; Wasn't this meant to & # 39; take control back & # 39 ;?
& # 39; The act of a cowardly prime minister who knows his reckless No Deal Brexit never gets the support of MPs. A constitutional outrage that Parliament and the population will oppose. & # 39;
Independent MEP Chris Leslie said: & # 39; If it is true, this undemocratic maneuver to try to close Parliament must be fought at every step.
& # 39; How totally left behind by Boris Johnson to have the queen sign this plot during a secret ceremony in Balmoral. The lower house must compile and veto this. & # 39;
Lib Dem and former Tory MP Sarah Wollaston said that Johnson behaved like a canned dictator & # 39 ;.
& # 39; Time for ministers to resign and conservative MPs to cross the floor instead of getting infected with this outrage, & # 39; she said.
Labor shadow minister Clive Lewis said MPs would refuse to leave the lower house if and when Johnson tries to close the doors of Parliament.
He said: & # 39; If Boris closes Parliament to implement its No-Deal Brexit, I and other MPs will defend democracy.
& # 39; The police will have to remove us from the room. We will call on people to take to the streets. We will convene an extraordinary session of Parliament. & # 39;
MPs promised yesterday a & # 39; People & # 39; s Parliament & # 39; to set up in a building a stone's throw from the Palace of Westminster in the case of prorogation.
However, a source of number 10 told BBC News that & # 39; this is about the NHS and violent crime, not about Brexit, and the courts have no locus to get involved in a standard Queen & # 39; s Speech process & # 39 ;
Downing Street rejected allegations of chicanery by pointing out that, according to Mr. MP's plan, there would only be a handful of days less than they would have anyway because of the planned break for party conferences to be held at the end of September.
A Whitehall source told MailOnline that a new speech from the queen was needed because the government simply no longer had national legislation to pursue.
The source said: & # 39; We went through the bottom of the barrel. We still have to put some things in it. & # 39;
Tory Party Chairman James Cleverly mocked claims that Mr. Johnson was trying to prevent MPs from blocking a No Deal split.
He tweeted: & # 39; Or to put it differently: the government to give the speech of a queen, like all new governments. & # 39;
Nigel Farage, the leader of the Brexit party, said the proroguing Parliament & # 39; is now securing a confidence movement, a general election more likely and is seen as a positive move by Brexiteers & # 39 ;.
Clive Lewis, a shadow finance minister, tweeted that MPs would refuse to leave the Lower House if the prime minister tries to close Parliament
How can MPs take control of the House of Commons and approve an anti-No Deal law?
Opposition leaders' plan to take control of the House of Commons to adopt an anti-No Deal law is likely to depend on John Bercow to get off the ground.
Convention dictates that it is the government of the day that sets the agenda in the Commons.
So if the others want to start their plan, they need the Commons Speaker to bend or break the rules.
Their plan will probably then start with a simple vote on whether there is a majority of MPs for backbenchers who take control of the order paper.
Assuming MPs will agree on a date in the diary on which they will be able to present, debate and vote on draft legislation to prevent Boris Johnson from bringing the UK out of the EU without an agreement.
The government will fiercely combat such a move, but with Mr Johnson's majority now only one, only a small rebellion from the members of Tory Europhile is needed for the plan to go ahead.
Should the bid to approve a law actually come about, the question is whether the prime minister will take note of this.
It has been suggested in the past that he could simply ignore such a move.
But if he did, he would risk an unprecedented constitutional crisis.
The current parliamentary session, which began in June 2017, is the longest in British history.
The step to end this, however, has been received by critics as nothing less than an attempt to prevent MEPs from playing a meaningful role in the Brexit process.
Talks between parties led by Mr. Corbyn ended yesterday in a commitment from the leaders of six parties to try to stop a No Deal Brexit by seizing control of the Commons and adopting new legislation that would force Mr. Johnson to renewal of the EU.
The option to vote without trust was put at a low level.
But MPs cannot pass legislation without Parliament sitting and Mr Johnson's decision means they have less time than expected to try to take control.
According to Parliament's previous timetable, Commons' business for the party conference season was said to have broken down in mid-September before being restarted in early October.
Now the time will be much shorter, not only because of the extra time that MPs are away from Westminster, but also because the Queen & # 39; s Speech will dominate the procedure when they return on October 14.
Jacob Rees-Mogg, the Commons Leader, flew to Balmoral in Scotland today to personally present the plan to the queen.
The Privy Council – actually a committee with a large number of senior MPs and colleagues who take turns – formally approved the prorogation order this afternoon.
The parliamentary session will now only be announced for a few days after MPs return from their summer recess next week.
The shortened timetable means that MEPs can now move away from the idea of adopting legislation and, instead, abandon the option of a vote of no confidence which, according to the convention, would have to be demanded by Mr Corbyn.
A successful vote of no confidence can then lead to an early election, possibly in November.
Craig Oliver, who was Director of Communications Downing Street under David Cameron, tweeted: & I guess number 10 believes it has created a win-win scenario with this explosive announcement.
The Privy Council, which met at Balmoral, today approved the order to prorogue Parliament at some point in the week starting on 9 September
Sajid Javid, the Chancellor, was seen today with his head in his hands when photographers broke him through the open door of number 11 Downing Street.
The longest parliamentary session in history is about to end
The current parliamentary term has been the longest in the history of the United Kingdom.
It started formally on June 21, 2017 with the State Opening, including the Queen & # 39; s Speech.
A total of 798 days have since passed, making it the longest uninterrupted parliamentary session since the United Kingdom was established by the Acts of Union in 1800.
The previous record holder was the 2010-12 session, which lasted 707 calendar days from the opening of the State on 25 May 2010 to prorogation on 1 May 2012.
In third place are the sessions that ran from April 1966 to October 1967 and from May 1997 to November 1998 – both followed election victories and lasted 554 days.
The parliament is usually organized once a year, shortly thereafter followed by a new state opening and the Queen's speech.
But in 2017, the government announced that the current session would take two years to pass the most important legislation needed for the UK to leave the European Union.
& # 39; Yes – and they will receive Brexit by October 31; No, and they can fight against the general elections for & # 39; people versus parliament & # 39 ;.
Under normal circumstances, a prime minister who loses his vote will resign without confidence.
But a senior official said this morning that Johnson would probably try to ignore the vote and call an election.
The official told the Financial Times: & # 39; If MPs pass a vote without confidence next week, we will not resign.
& # 39; We will not recommend another government, we will dissolve parliament, organize an election between November 1-5 and there is zero chance of Grieve legislation. & # 39;
Mr. Corbyn's plan to stop No Deal was to call a vote without confidence, to overthrow Mr. Johnson, to become prime minister, to become prime minister, to ask the EU for a Brexit delay and then hold an unexpected election.
But many opposition MPs oppose the idea of putting Mr. Corbyn at number 10, even if it is only for a limited time.
Other opposition figures had called for a compromise candidate who would rather have a cross-party Commons majority as an interim prime minister.
But Mr Corbyn has remained adamant that it is he who is trying to form a new government.
That led to yesterday's opposition leaders' commitment following a summit from Mr. Corbyn to instead follow a legislative path to stop No Deal.
The summit was attended by Lib Dem leader Jo Swinson, SNP Westminster leader Ian Blackford, Independent Group for Change leader Anna Soubry, Plaid Cymru leader Liz Saville Roberts and Green Party MP Caroline Lucas.
Last night Mr. Corbyn wrote an extraordinary plea to dozens of Tory MPs, urging him to defy Mr. Johnson.
His letter – to 116 Tory and independent MPs, including Theresa May and Philip Hammond – asked them to support efforts to block a No Deal Brexit.
The plan to take control of the lower house would probably need help from Mr. Bercow to get it going.
If MPs abide by their plan to try to pass a law that blocks No Deal, they must find a way to enforce a vote to give them control over the Commons agenda and that will probably require the Mr. Bercow deviates from the convention to make it happen.
Once a way has been found to show that there is a majority for such a move, MPs will set aside time in the diary to debate and vote on an anti-No Deal law.
To obtain such a majority, a number of Tory MPs have to break the line and vote with the opposition and Mr Corbyn wrote to them yesterday afternoon asking for their help.
MPs previously enforced the so-called Cooper-Letwin Act in April, which forced Prime Minister Theresa May to seek an extension.
That passed with just one vote.
Mr. Johnson's allies have defeated opposition leaders and claim that they would & sabotage the chances of progress with a Brexit deal & # 39 ;.
A source of number 10 said: & # 39; We are making progress now because our European partners realize that we are serious about leaving the EU on 31 October – no ifs, no buts.
& # 39; It is completely perverted that Corbyn and his allies are actively trying to sabotage the position of the UK.
The discussion of an early election was intensified after Chancellor Sajid Javid's announcement was moved to next week.
The statement of September 4 provides extra money for & # 39; priorities of people & # 39; including schools, hospitals and the police, Javid said.
Javid asked for a 12-month spending round instead of a longer-term exercise as a way to clear & cover the cover so that we can focus on Brexit & # 39 ;.
But Labor rejected the announcement as a & # 39; pre-election stunt & # 39; and claimed that the government was in a panic.
Mr Farage yesterday urged Mr Johnson to remove Great Britain from the EU without an agreement.
Mr. Farage said he would work with the Tories if they delivered a No Deal Brexit, and said: & # 39; A Johnson government committed to doing the right thing and the Brexit party working together would not be too have stopped. & # 39;
But he also unveiled a 635-strong army of MP candidates for the Brexit party, while warning Mr. Johnson not to sell voters & # 39;
& # 39; If you, Mr Johnson, insist on the withdrawal agreement, we will fight you for each seat & # 39; bij een algemene verkiezing, waarschuwde de heer Farage, het opzetten van een mogelijke confrontatie op twee fronten voor de premier.
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