The 75-foot shipwreck was found complete with its mast, rudders and rowing banks after more than 2,400 years.

The oldest intact shipwreck ever found has been discovered at the bottom of the Black Sea.

The 75-foot Greek trading ship was found complete with its mast, rudders and rowing benches after more than 2,400 years.

It was found in an old & # 39; cemetery of shipwrecks & # 39; which has already revealed more than 60 vessels.

reDuring the most recent exploration at the end of 2017, the team discovered what has now been confirmed as the "oldest intact shipwreck" in the world: a design of a Greek trade ship that previously only looked on the side of the old pottery Greek, like the "Siren Vase" British Museum.

The 75-foot shipwreck was found complete with its mast, rudders and rowing banks after more than 2,400 years.

The 75-foot shipwreck was found complete with its mast, rudders and rowing banks after more than 2,400 years.

A remote-controlled submarine piloted by British scientists saw the ship lying on its side about 50 miles off the coast of Bulgaria.

The ship is in more than 1.3 miles of water, in the depths of the Black Sea, where the water is anoxic (free of oxygen) that can conserve organic material for thousands of years.

A small part of the vessel has been dated to carbon and it is confirmed that it comes from 400 BC, which makes the ship the oldest intact shipwreck known to mankind.

Jon Adams, chief scientist of the project, said the accident was very well preserved, with the rudder and the wheelhouse still in place.

"A ship, surviving intact, of the classic world, in more than 2 km of water, is something I would never have thought possible," he said.

"This will change our understanding of shipbuilding and navigation in the ancient world."

SHIPWRECK FINDS A NEW LIGHT IN THE SIREN Vase

The mermaid vase on display in the old Siren, shows a ship with a mast identical to the one that is now on the seabed.

The mermaid vase on display in the old Siren, shows a ship with a mast identical to the one that is now on the seabed.

The mermaid vase on display in the old Siren, shows a ship with a mast identical to the one that is now on the seabed.

The ship, which is 1.3 miles below the surface, could also shed new light on the ancient Greek tale of Ulysses by attaching himself to a mast to avoid being tempted by the sirens.

The image, most famous in the siren vase on display in the old Siren, shows a ship with a mast identical to the one that is now on the seabed.

"The painter of mermaids", as it is known, has his most famous work exhibited in the British Museum.

His real name is unknown, as is the date of his birth and death.

The vase shows Odysseus, the hero of Homer's epic poem, tied to the mast of a similar ship while resisting the calls of the Siren.

In the Odyssey, Odysseus orders his men to cover their ears with beeswax.

He himself, curious to know how the sirens sounded, asked to be tied tightly to the mast and left tied regardless of how much he pleaded and begged to be released.

Before this discovery, the ancient ships had only been found in fragments with the oldest ones more than 3,000 years old.

The team from the Black Sea Maritime Archaeological Project said the finding also revealed how far from the coast the ancient Greek merchants could travel.

Adams told The Times that the ship probably sank in a storm, and that the crew could not rescue the water in time to save it.

The archaeologist believes that he probably had 15 to 25 men at the time the remains may be hidden in the surrounding sediment or be ingested by bacteria.

Ulysses and the mermaids in another work of Greek art

Ulysses and the mermaids in another work of Greek art

Ulysses and the mermaids in another work of Greek art

He said he plans to leave the ship at the bottom of the sea because raising it would be enormously expensive and would require dismantling the paintings.

The ship had both paddle and sail.

It was used mainly for trade, but the professor believes that he may have been involved in "a bit of an assault" on coastal cities.

It was probably based on one of the ancient Greek settlements on what is now the Bulgarian coast.

He said: "The ancient sailors were not timidly embracing the coast going from port to port, but navigating in blue waters."

The finding is one of the 67 remains found in the area.

Previous finds dating back 2,500 years were discovered, including the galleys of the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires.

THE DEATH ZONE & # 39;

Without light or oxygen in the lowest anoxic layer of the Black Sea, no life can survive.

This means that the environment can not support organisms that normally feed on organic materials, such as wood and meat.

As a result, there is an extraordinary opportunity for conservation, including shipwrecks and the loads they carried.

The scientists met with the cemetery while using underwater robots to study the effects of climate change along the Bulgarian coast.

Because the Black Sea contains almost no light or oxygen, little life can survive, which means that the remains are in excellent condition.

The researchers say their discovery is "truly incomparable."

Many of the boats have characteristics that are only known from drawings or written descriptions, but have never been seen before.

The wood carvings of some ships have remained intact for centuries, while a well-preserved rope was found aboard a 2,000-year-old Roman vessel.

The project, known as the Black Sea Maritime Archeology Project, involves an international team led by the Maritime Archeology Center of the University of Southampton.

Ed Parker, general manager of Black Sea MAP, said: & # 39; Some of the boats we discovered had only been seen in murals and mosaics until now.

The boat is in more than 2 km of water, in the depths of the Black Sea, where the water is anoxic (free of oxygen) that can conserve organic material for thousands of years.

The boat is in more than 2 km of water, in the depths of the Black Sea, where the water is anoxic (free of oxygen) that can conserve organic material for thousands of years.

The boat is in more than 2 km of water, in the depths of the Black Sea, where the water is anoxic (free of oxygen) that can conserve organic material for thousands of years.

& # 39; There is a medieval trading boat where the towers in bow and stern are practically there.

It's like you're watching a boat in a movie, with strings still on the deck and carvings in the woods.

"When I saw that ship, the emotion really started to grow, what we found is unrivaled."

Most of the boats found are about 1,300 years old, but the oldest ones date back to the 4th century BC.

Many of the details and locations of shipwrecks are being kept secret by the team to ensure they remain intact.

Black Sea water less than 150 meters (490 feet) is anoxic, which means that the environment can not support organisms that normally feed on organic materials, such as wood and meat.

Shipwrecks, like this one from the medieval period, are surprisingly well preserved due to the anoxic conditions (lack of oxygen) of the Black Sea at less than 150 meters (490 feet). This commercial ship was found with the towers in bow and stern still mostly in place

Shipwrecks, like this one from the medieval period, are surprisingly well preserved due to the anoxic conditions (lack of oxygen) of the Black Sea at less than 150 meters (490 feet). This commercial ship was found with the towers in bow and stern still mostly in place

Shipwrecks, like this one from the medieval period, are surprisingly well preserved due to the anoxic conditions (lack of oxygen) of the Black Sea at less than 150 meters (490 feet). This commercial ship was found with the towers in bow and stern still mostly in place

Here is a shipwreck of the Ottoman period discovered 300 meters below the Black Sea. Many of the details and locations of shipwrecks are being kept secret by the team to ensure they remain calm.

Here is a shipwreck of the Ottoman period discovered 300 meters below the Black Sea. Many of the details and locations of shipwrecks are being kept secret by the team to ensure they remain calm.

Here is a shipwreck of the Ottoman period discovered 300 meters below the Black Sea. Many of the details and locations of shipwrecks are being kept secret by the team to ensure they remain calm.

The researchers used two vehicles operated remotely (pictured) to inspect the seabed. These have discovered several shipwrecks in a series of expeditions spanning three years, including that shown in the Byzantine period, which was found in October last year.

The researchers used two vehicles operated remotely (pictured) to inspect the seabed. These have discovered several shipwrecks in a series of expeditions spanning three years, including that shown in the Byzantine period, which was found in October last year.

The researchers used two vehicles operated remotely (pictured) to inspect the seabed. These have discovered several shipwrecks in a series of expeditions spanning three years, including that shown in the Byzantine period, which was found in October last year.

HISTORY OF THE BLACK SEA

Many of the colonial and commercial activities of ancient Greece and Rome, and of the Byzantine Empire, centered on the Black Sea.

After 1453, when the Ottoman Turks occupied Constantinople (and changed their name to Istanbul), the Black Sea was practically closed to foreign trade.

Almost 400 years later, in 1856, the Treaty of Paris reopened the sea to the trade of all nations.

As a result, there is an extraordinary opportunity for conservation, including shipwrecks and the loads they carried.

The ships are hundreds or thousands of meters deep with their masts still standing, the rudders in place, the loads of amphoras and the accessories of the ships that are on deck.

Many of the boats show structural characteristics, accessories and equipment that are only known from drawings or written descriptions, but have never been seen before.

The project leader, Professor Jon Adams of the University of Southampton, said: "This ensemble should comprise one of the best submarine museums of ships and sailors in the world."

The expedition has been traveling the waters 1,800 meters (5,900 feet) below the surface of the Black Sea since 2015 using an off-shore ship equipped with some of the most advanced underwater equipment in the world.

The ship is on an expedition that maps ancient submerged landscapes that were flooded with water after the last Ice Age.

Although the main objective of the project is to carry out geophysical studies, the shipwrecks, including this one from the Ottoman period, have provided new perspectives on how communities live on the shores of the Black Sea.

Although the main objective of the project is to carry out geophysical studies, the shipwrecks, including this one from the Ottoman period, have provided new perspectives on how communities live on the shores of the Black Sea.

Although the main objective of the project is to carry out geophysical studies, the shipwrecks, including this one from the Ottoman period, have provided new perspectives on how communities live on the shores of the Black Sea.

The researchers discovered more than 40 shipwrecks in two previous expeditions, but during their last trip, which spanned several weeks and came back this month, they discovered more than 20 new sites.

Upon returning to the port of Burgas in Bulgaria, Professor Jon Adams said: & # 39; The MAP of the Black Sea is now approaching the end of its third season, acquiring more than 1300 km [800 miles] of the survey so far, recovering another 100 m (330 ft) of samples of sediment cores and discovering more than 20 new shipwreck sites, some of which date from the Byzantine, Roman and Hellenistic periods ".

Researchers are using two remote-controlled vehicles (ROVs) to inspect the seabed.

SCANNING THE BLACK SEA BED

Researchers are using two remote-controlled vehicles (ROVs) to inspect the seabed.

One is optimized for high-resolution 3D photography, while the other, called Surveyor Interceptor, "flies" at four times the speed of conventional ROVs and carries a full set of geophysical instrumentation, as well as lights, cameras of high definition and a laser scanner.

Since the project began, Surveyor Interceptor has set new records for depth (1,800 meters) and sustained speed at six knots (seven miles / hour), and has covered 1,250 kilometers (776 miles).

A collection of more than 60 shipwrecks has been discovered and inspected, many of which provide the first views of ship types never seen before.

Among the shipwrecks are boats from the Roman, Ottoman and Byzantine empires, which provide new information about the communities on the Black Sea coast.

One is optimized for high-resolution 3D photography, while the other, called Surveyor Interceptor, "flies" at four times the speed of conventional ROVs.

The Interceptor carries a complete set of geophysical instrumentation, as well as lights, high definition cameras and a laser scanner.

Since the project began, Surveyor Interceptor has set new depth records at 5,900 feet (1,800 meters) and sustained speed of more than six knots (7 mph), and has covered 1,250 kilometers (776 miles).

Among the shipwrecks are boats from the Roman, Ottoman and Byzantine empires, which provide new information about the communities on the Black Sea coast.

Many of the colonial and commercial activities of ancient Greece and Rome, and of the Byzantine Empire, centered on the Black Sea.

After 1453, when the Ottoman Turks occupied Constantinople and changed their name to Istanbul, the Black Sea was practically closed to foreign trade.

Almost 400 years later, in 1856, the Treaty of Paris reopened the sea to the trade of all nations.

The scientists were followed by Bafta's winning filmmakers for much of the three-year project and a documentary is expected in the coming years.

Producer Andy Byatt, who worked on David Attenborough's BBC series, & # 39; Blue Planet & # 39 ;, said: & # 39; I think we've all been impressed by the remarkable findings that Professor Adams and his team have made.

"The quality of the images that reveal this hidden world is absolutely unique."

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