The mystery of Jupiter's color bands finally resolves!

The mystery underlying the characteristic color bands of Jupiter has been resolved thanks to the data from the NASA probe to the gas giant. Several strong jet streams flow from west to east in the atmosphere of Jupiter, which are similar to the jet streams of the Earth (artist impression)

The mystery that underlies Jupiter's characteristic color bands has been solved thanks to data from the NASA probe that orbits the gas giant.

Several strong jet streams flow from west to east in Jupiter's atmosphere, which are similar to the jet streams of Earth.

However, unlike Earth, where jet streams plow through the surface, Jupiter's jet streams are more even and straight.

Nor are there continents and mountains below Jupiter's atmosphere to obstruct the path of jet streams.

As a result, the Jet streams on Jupiter are much simpler than those on Earth, causing less turbulence in the upper atmosphere.

Ammonia clouds in Jupiter's outer atmosphere are swept by these jet streams to form Jupiter's regimented color bands.

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The mystery underlying the characteristic color bands of Jupiter has been resolved thanks to the data from the NASA probe to the gas giant. Several strong jet streams flow from west to east in the atmosphere of Jupiter, which are similar to the jet streams of the Earth (artist impression)

The mystery underlying the characteristic color bands of Jupiter has been resolved thanks to the data from the NASA probe to the gas giant. Several strong jet streams flow from west to east in the atmosphere of Jupiter, which are similar to the jet streams of the Earth (artist impression)

Unlike Earth, the largest planet in our Solar System has no solid surface: it is a totally gaseous planet, composed mainly of hydrogen and helium.

An international team of scientists, including the National University of Australia (ANU), studied recent evidence from NASA's Juno spacecraft that examined these gas layers.

This proved that Jupiter's jet streams reach a depth of 1,800 miles (3,000 km) below Jupiter's clouds, which are white, red, orange, brown and yellow.

Experts say that the interaction between Jupiter's atmosphere and its magnetic fields is responsible for the bright layers visible on the planet's surface.

However, unlike Earth, where meander streams, Jupiter's jet streams are more even and straight (original image)

However, unlike Earth, where meander streams, Jupiter's jet streams are more even and straight (original image)

However, unlike Earth, where meander streams, Jupiter's jet streams are more even and straight (original image)

WHAT CAUSES THE JUPITER CHARACTERISTIC BANDS?

Experts have studied recent evidence obtained from NASA's Juno spacecraft to reveal the reason why gases form bands on Jupiter.

The ammonia clouds in Jupiter's outer atmosphere are transported by jet streams to form the regressed color bands of Jupiter.

Jet streams of Jupiter reach a depth of 1,800 miles (3,000 km) below Jupiter's clouds, which are white, red, orange, brown, and yellow.

The gas inside Jupiter is magnetized, which researchers believe explains why jet streams go as deep as they do but do not go deeper.

Nor are there continents and mountains below the atmosphere of Jupiter to obstruct the path of the jet stream.

This makes jet streams on Jupiter simpler than those on Earth and causes less turbulence in its upper atmosphere.

Dr. Navid Constantinou of the ANU Earth Sciences research school, one of the researchers of the study, said that until recently little was known about what happened under the clouds of Jupiter.

"We know a lot about jet streams in the Earth's atmosphere and the key role they play in weather and climate, but we still have a lot to learn about Jupiter's atmosphere," he said.

"The jet streams from Earth have a great impact on climate and climate by acting as a barrier and making it more difficult for air on both sides to exchange properties such as heat, humidity and carbon.

"Scientists have long debated how deep the jet streams reach beneath the surfaces of Jupiter and other gaseous giants, and why they do not appear inside the sun."

Nor are there continents and mountains below Jupiter's atmosphere to obstruct the path of jet streams. This makes jet streams on Jupiter simpler than on Earth, causing less turbulence in its upper atmosphere (stock image)

Nor are there continents and mountains below Jupiter's atmosphere to obstruct the path of jet streams. This makes jet streams on Jupiter simpler than on Earth, causing less turbulence in its upper atmosphere (stock image)

Nor are there continents and mountains below Jupiter's atmosphere to obstruct the path of jet streams. This makes jet streams on Jupiter simpler than on Earth, causing less turbulence in its upper atmosphere (stock image)

Ammonia clouds in the outer atmosphere of Jupiter are transported by these jet streams to form the regressed color bands of Jupiter, represented in this original image.

Ammonia clouds in the outer atmosphere of Jupiter are transported by these jet streams to form the regressed color bands of Jupiter, represented in this original image.

Ammonia clouds in the outer atmosphere of Jupiter are transported by these jet streams to form the regressed color bands of Jupiter, represented in this original image.

WHAT WAS THE NASA JUNE MISSION FOR JUPITER?

The Juno probe reached Jupiter last year after a five-year trip and 1.8 billion miles from Earth

The Juno probe reached Jupiter last year after a five-year trip and 1.8 billion miles from Earth

The Juno probe reached Jupiter last year after a five-year trip and 1.8 billion miles from Earth

The Juno probe reached Jupiter on July 4, 2016, after a five-year, 1.8 billion-kilometer trip from Earth.

After a successful braking maneuver, it entered a long polar orbit that flew within 3,100 miles (5,000 km) of the tops of the planet's swirling clouds.

The probe tracked only 2,600 miles (4,200 km) of the planet's clouds once every two weeks, too close to provide global coverage in a single image.

No previous spacecraft has orbited so close to Jupiter, although two others have been sent to its destruction through its atmosphere.

To complete her risky mission, Juno survived a circuit radiation storm generated by Jupiter's powerful magnetic field.

The vortex of high-energy particles that travel at almost the speed of light is the harshest radiation environment in the Solar System.

To cope with the conditions, the spacecraft was protected with hardened wiring by special radiation and shielding the sensor.

His all-important "brain" -the spacecraft's flight computer-was housed in an armored vault made of titanium and weighing almost 400 pounds (172 kg).

Juno completed a total of 37 Jupiter orbits, in a path that carefully avoided the most intense radiation, before plunging into the planet's atmosphere.

Polar and subtropical jet streams in the Earth's atmosphere make up the climate, especially in mid-latitudes, such as in Australia, Europe and North America.

Experts say their findings suggest that Jupiter's jet streams are suppressed by a strong magnetic field.

The gas inside Jupiter is magnetized, which researchers believe explains why jet streams go as deep as they do but do not go deeper.

His research included mathematical calculations to solve the instability that leads to jet streams when there are magnetic fields present.

They also compared his theoretical predictions with the results of previous computer simulations.

"By studying Jupiter, we not only unravel the mysteries inside the gas giant, but we can also use Jupiter as a laboratory to study how atmospheric flows work in general," added Dr. Jeffrey Parker, coinvestigator of Lawrence Livermore. National Laboratory in the United States.

The full findings of the study were published in The Astrophysical Journal.

Polar and subtropical jet streams in the Earth's atmosphere make up the climate, especially in mid-latitudes, such as in Australia, Europe and North America. This show of images in stock is the characteristic storm of the Great Red Spot

Polar and subtropical jet streams in the Earth's atmosphere make up the climate, especially in mid-latitudes, such as in Australia, Europe and North America. This show of images in stock is the characteristic storm of the Great Red Spot

Polar and subtropical jet streams in the Earth's atmosphere make up the climate, especially in mid-latitudes, such as in Australia, Europe and North America. This show of images in stock is the characteristic storm of the Great Red Spot

WHAT IS THE GREAT RED POINT OF JUPITER?

The Great Red Spot of Jupiter is a giant oval of crimson clouds in the southern hemisphere of Jupiter that runs counterclockwise around the perimeter of the oval.

The largest storm in the solar system appears as a deep red orb surrounded by layers of pale yellow, orange and white.

Trapped between two jet streams, the Great Red Spot is an anticyclone rotating around a center of high atmospheric pressure that turns it in the opposite direction of hurricanes on Earth.

The Great Red Spot of Jupiter is a giant oval of crimson clouds in the southern hemisphere of Jupiter that runs counterclockwise around the perimeter of the oval.

The Great Red Spot of Jupiter is a giant oval of crimson clouds in the southern hemisphere of Jupiter that runs counterclockwise around the perimeter of the oval.

The Great Red Spot of Jupiter is a giant oval of crimson clouds in the southern hemisphere of Jupiter that runs counterclockwise around the perimeter of the oval.

The winds within the storm have been measured at several hundred miles per hour, with wind storms greater than any storm on Earth, according to NASA astronomers.

In the late 1800s, it was estimated to be about 35,000 miles (about 56,000 km) in diameter, wide enough for four Earths to fit side by side.

Measuring 10,000 miles (16,000 kilometers) wide as of April 3, 2017, the Great Red Spot is 1.3 times wider than Earth and is gradually reduced over time.

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