The long history of discrimination caused African Americans to feel more pain than whites.
A long history of discrimination and slavery has resulted in African Americans feeling MORE pain than whites and Hispanics, according to a study
- The researchers examined the brains of 88 participants subjected to painful heat.
- They discovered that African Americans were more sensitive to the pain inflicted
- The area of their brains linked to discrimination also saw increased activity
A long history of discrimination and slavery has resulted in the African Americas feeling more pain than whites and Hispanics, according to a new study.
Researchers at Victoria University in Wellington, New Zealand, examined the brains of 88 Americans while subjecting them to painful levels of heat.
During the study, scientists found higher levels of activity in a section of the brain related to discrimination and trust in African-American participants.
The authors say that this means they are more sensitive to pain, and the discrimination link points to a greater need for doctors to gain the trust of their patients.
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The history of discrimination and slavery has resulted in the African Americas feeling more pain than whites and Hispanics, according to a new study (stock image)
The team examined the brains of 28 African American participants, 30 American whites and 30 Hispanic Americans using a functional MRI machine.
In addition to studying the brains, they analyzed 19 sociocultural factors to understand the differences of the ethnic group in pain sensitivity.
According to the authors of the study, since the time of slavery in the USA. UU. African Americans are believed to feel less pain than white Americans.
“This has led to insufficient pain treatment for African Americans and has contributed to widespread racial and ethnic health disparities.”
Of the three groups they studied, they found that the ‘Neurological Pain Firm’, a measure of the brain that tracks the intensity of physical pain, was largely similar.
However, African-American participants reported more intense pain than others in the cohort, and that pain was related to discrimination.
The authors also found greater responses to physically painful stimuli in the frontostriatal brain circuit of African Americans, but not in the other groups.
African-American participants reported more intense pain than others in the cohort, which was related to discrimination (stock image)
The activity in this circuit was related to discrimination and trust. Previous studies have linked the activity in this circuit with non-physical aspects of pain.
This suggests that the higher levels of pain that African Americans feel may be related, in part, to differences in non-physical pain systems in the brain.
“This in turn may be the result of the long-term effects of negative social treatment,” says the study.
The authors recommend interventions aimed at reducing discrimination and increasing the confidence of doctors that can help mitigate ethnic disparities in pain.
The research has been published in the magazine. Nature Human Behavior.
WHAT IS A FUNCTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE (FMRI) IMAGE SCAN?
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is one of the most recently developed forms of neuroimaging.
It measures the metabolic changes that occur within the brain, such as changes in blood flow.
Medical professionals can use fMRI to detect abnormalities within the brain that cannot be found with other imaging techniques, measure the effects of a stroke or disease, or guide the treatment of the brain.
It can also be used to examine the anatomy of the brain and determine which parts of the brain handle critical functions.
An MRI scan uses a magnetic field instead of x-rays to take pictures of the body.
The MRI scanner is a hollow machine with a tube that extends horizontally through its center.
You lie on a bed that slides into the scanner tube.
The equipment used in fMRI scans uses the same technology, but it is more compact and lightweight.
The main difference between a normal MRI scan and an fMRI scan are the results that can be obtained.
While a normal MRI provides images of the structure of the brain, a functional MRI shows which parts of the brain are activated when certain tasks are performed.
This includes language, memory and movement.