Australia is prepared to quell a prolonged dry spring caused by a tropical El Niño, but not until the nation suffers a last freeze.
This spring will see drier and warmer conditions than last year, which will cause extremely high temperatures to begin in summer.
Recent gusts of rain caused mild relief for farmers struggling in brutal drought conditions, but predictions indicate that the worst may be coming.
Australians can expect warmer and drier conditions on average this spring (illustrated above), with one more week of expected cold weather before temperatures start to rise
Recent gusts of rain caused mild relief for farmers struggling in brutal drought conditions, but predictions indicate that the worst may be to come.
Steam conditions and lack of rain (illustrated) will also double the normal probability that El Niño will form at the end of spring, which causes extremely high temperatures to begin towards summer.
The maximum temperature will shoot above the average, which is generally low at 20 for most of the country, from September to November, especially in the north, Weatherzone senior meteorologist Jacob Cronje told Daily Mail Australia.
"The minimum temperature will be higher than the average, except in parts of South Australia and most of Victoria, which will probably have minimum temperatures below the average, along with some parts of New South Wales," said Cronje.
This is generally consistent with a high pressure system that brings lighter winds and fine and settled conditions.
For the southern coastal towns, such as Adelaide and Melbourne, there is likely to be much more heat if an El Niño event occurs, which according to Cronje expires in November.
Further north, in Queensland, the weather phenomenon is likely to cause more extremely hot and individual days and several warm periods.
The nights will be warmer throughout the country, excluding northern Australia and the southeastern part of the nation.
The recent gusts of rain caused a slight relief for farmers struggling in conditions of brutal drought, but predictions indicate that the worst may be to come (icy windshield in the photo)
The maximum temperature will rise above the average throughout the country consistently from September to November, but not before more icy conditions occur (icicle in the photo)
The increase will wreak havoc on farmers and intensify drought conditions in parts of eastern Australia (archive photo)
Many will welcome the warmer days after record cold temperatures on the east coast, but the increase will wreak havoc on farmers and intensify drought conditions in parts of eastern Australia.
Cronje said that although the warm days and nights were predicted for most of the spring, he did not rule out the possibility of another cold snap at some point.
The Bureau of Meteorology said there were likely to be clear skies and there was a risk that frost and cold nights would continue in the south during the spring.
El Niño during spring typically means below-average precipitation in eastern and northern Australia, while daytime temperatures are typically higher than the average in two-thirds of southern Australia.
Mr. Cronje said that although the warm days and nights had been predicted for most of the spring, he would not rule out the possibility of another cold snap at some point (dead kangaroo in the photo)
The next seven days will remain cold, and morning frosts are still expected in the southeast during the remaining winter days.
THE WEEK FORWARD IN YOUR CITY
THURSDAY: Min. 11, Max. 17
FRIDAY: Min 10, Max 21
SATURDAY: Min. 12, Max. 22
SUNDAY: Min. 11, Max. 17
MONDAY: Min. 11, Max. 17
THURSDAY: Min 1, Max 15
FRIDAY: Min. 5, Max. 13
SATURDAY: Min 5, Max 15
SUNDAY: Min 0, Max 13
MONDAY: Min -1, Max 14
THURSDAY: Min 7, Max 17
FRIDAY: Min 8, Max 17
SATURDAY: Min 7, Max 19
SUNDAY: Min 7, Max 21
MONDAY: Min 7, Max 20
THURSDAY: Min 9, Max 23
FRIDAY: Min 14, Max 26
SATURDAY: Min 15, Max 28
SUNDAY: Min. 11, Max. 28
MONDAY: Min. 12, Max. 22
THURSDAY: Min. 10, Max. 13
FRIDAY: Min 9, Max 17
SATURDAY: Min. 10, Max. 14
SUNDAY: Min 6, Max 14
MONDAY: Min 5, Max 15
THURSDAY: Min 10, Max 18
FRIDAY: Min 9, Max 17
SATURDAY: Min 10, Max 15
SUNDAY: Min 7, Max 14
MONDAY: Min 5, Max 16
THURSDAY: Min 7, Max 17
FRIDAY: Min. 5, Max. 17
SATURDAY: Min 7, Max 12
SUNDAY: Min 4, Max 13
MONDAY: Min 4, Max 14
THURSDAY: Min 21, Max 31
FRIDAY: Min 21, Max 31
SATURDAY: Min 21, Max 32
SUNDAY: Min. 21, Max. 33
MONDAY: Min 22, Max 34
Source: Bureau of Meterology
Climatic events often result in severe droughts, which cause higher temperatures, lower than average rainfall and an increased risk of forest fires, lasting between six months and two years.
This could be catastrophic for thirsty Australian farmers who have been paralyzed by a period of drought throughout the country that has been described as the worst drought in 100 years.
Australia is likely to experience reduced rainfall, warmer temperatures, increased risk of frost and greater fire danger in the southeast.
There will also be a great possibility of registering low rainfall, with El Niños generally leading to unprecedented dry conditions.
The severe droughts of 1982, 1994, 2002 and 2006 were associated with El Niño.
The Bureau of Meteorology warned that the chances of an El Niño event are double that of the usual, and it is expected to begin to develop in late spring.
WHAT IS THE CHILD?
El Niño and La Niña are the warm and cold phases (respectively) of a recurrent climate phenomenon along the tropical Pacific: El Niño-Southern Oscillation, or "ENSO" for short.
The pattern can move back and forth irregularly every two to seven years, and each phase triggers predictable interruptions in temperature, winds and precipitation.
These changes interrupt the movement of the air and affect the global climate.
ENSO has three phases:
The boy: A warming of the surface of the ocean, or temperatures of the surface of the sea (SST) above the average, in the central and eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. In Indonesia, rainfall decreases as rainfall on the tropical Pacific Ocean increases. The low-level surface winds, which normally blow from east to west along the equator, instead weaken or, in some cases, begin to blow in the other direction from west to east.
The girl: A cooling of the surface of the ocean, or temperatures of the surface of the sea (SST) below the average, in the central and eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. In Indonesia, rainfall tends to increase while rainfall decreases in the central tropical Pacific Ocean. The easterly winds along the equator become even stronger.
Neutral: Neither El Niño nor La Niña. Often, tropical Pacific SSTs are generally close to average.