Look at a map of the world today and you probably think that North America and Russia are bigger than Africa. This strange distortion has been revealed by a climatic data scientist who has created a two-dimensional representation of how the world really looks (in the image)

Take a look at a map of the world and you probably think that North America and Russia are bigger than Africa.

But in reality, Africa is three times larger than North America and also significantly larger than Russia.

This strange distortion has been explored by a climate data scientist from the Met Office who has created a two-dimensional representation of how the world really looks.

His incredible map that shows that many countries, including Russia, Canada and Greenland, are not as big as we think.

The distortion of the world map is the result of the Mercator projection, the map that is most frequently seen in classrooms and in textbooks, which was created in 1596 to help navigators navigate the world.

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Look at a map of the world today and you probably think that North America and Russia are bigger than Africa. This strange distortion has been revealed by a climatic data scientist who has created a two-dimensional representation of how the world really looks (in the image)

Look at a map of the world today and you probably think that North America and Russia are bigger than Africa. This strange distortion has been revealed by a climatic data scientist who has created a two-dimensional representation of how the world really looks (in the image)

WHAT IS INCORRECT WITH THE MERCATOR MAP?

Africa is approximately 14 times larger than Greenland, and yet, on the map, both are about the same size.

Brazil is more than five times larger than Alaska, but Alaska is bigger than Brazil on the map.

The map suggests that the Scandinavian countries are larger than India, while in reality India is three times larger than all the Scandinavian countries combined.

While it seems that Europe is bigger than North America on this map, in reality the opposite is true.

Russia is not as big as it is, with Africa actually bigger than Russia.

The biggest challenge in creating a precise map is that it is impossible to portray the reality of the spherical world on a flat map, a problem that has preoccupied cartographers for centuries.

As a result, the shapes of the world maps have typically been diverse, from hearts to cones.

But the diversity gradually faded away with a model, invented by Gerardus Mercator in 1596, which outperformed the others.

The family screening of & # 39; Mercator & # 39; it gives the correct forms of land masses, but at the cost of distorting their sizes in favor of the rich lands of the north.

Mr. Neil Kaye, a climate data scientist at Met Office, created a precise world map that shows that countries near the northern hemisphere are much smaller than people usually think.

He did this by entering the Met Office data on the sizes of each country in Ggplot, which is a data visualization package for statistical programming.

Then he created the final map using a stereographic projection. This is a mapping function that projects a sphere onto a plane.

"Then there were some manual adjustments of the countries that are closer to the poles," Kaye wrote on Reddit.

"This shows that you can not rejoin the shapes in a sphere once you put them on the floor."

The map was created by entering data on the sizes of each country (right) and entering them into Ggplot, which is a data visualization package for statistical programming.

The map was created by entering data on the sizes of each country (right) and entering them into Ggplot, which is a data visualization package for statistical programming.

The map was created by entering data on the sizes of each country (right) and entering them into Ggplot, which is a data visualization package for statistical programming.

The family projection & # 39; Mercator & # 39; (in the photo) gives the correct forms of land masses, but at the cost of distorting their sizes in favor of the rich lands of the north

The family projection & # 39; Mercator & # 39; (in the photo) gives the correct forms of land masses, but at the cost of distorting their sizes in favor of the rich lands of the north

The family projection & # 39; Mercator & # 39; (in the photo) gives the correct forms of land masses, but at the cost of distorting their sizes in favor of the rich lands of the north

WHO WAS GERARDO MERCATOR?

Gerardus Mercator (March 5, 1512 – December 2, 1594) was a Flemish cartographer famous for creating a world map based on a projection that showed courses of straight lines navigation.

Invented in the sixteenth century, the projection & # 39; Mercator & # 39; it gives the correct forms of land masses, but at the cost of distorting their sizes in favor of the rich lands of the north.

Although it is for what is more famous, Mercator was not only a geographer. He immersed his fingers in theology, philosophy, history, mathematics and magnetism.

Not content with those skills, Mercator was also a printmaker, calligrapher and even made balloons and scientific instruments.

Unlike other geography scholars of the same period as him, he did not travel much. Instead, his knowledge of geography came from his library of more than a thousand books and maps.

In the 1580s, he began publishing his atlas, which he named for the giant who held the world on his shoulders in Greek mythology.

He suffered a series of strokes in the early 1590s, which left him partially paralyzed and almost blind, until a final attack caused his death in 1594 at the age of 82.

Mercator (March 5, 1512 – December 2, 1594) was a Flemish cartographer famous for creating a world map based on a projection that showed courses of navigation in a straight line.

Unlike other geography scholars of the same period as him, he did not travel much.

Instead, his knowledge of geography came from his library of more than a thousand books and maps.

In the 1580s, he began publishing his atlas, which he named for the giant who held the world on his shoulders in Greek mythology.

In the Mercator projection, North America seems at least as large, if not a little larger, than Africa.

And Greenland also looks comparable in size.

But in reality Africa is bigger than both.

In fact, you can adapt North America to Africa and still have space for India, Argentina, Tunisia and some more.

Meanwhile, Greenland is 1/14 the size of the continent, as can be seen in the Gall-Peters projection on the same projection, which provides the correct proportion of land mass to the continents.

The map suggests that the Scandinavian countries are larger than India, while in reality India is three times larger than all the Scandinavian countries combined.

Also, it seems that the fact that our maps are normally located north at the top is a mere convention, but has been accepted as correct in most of the world.

Gerardus Mercator (March 5, 1512 - December 2, 1594) was a Flemish cartographer famous for creating a world map based on a projection that showed courses of straight lines navigation.

Gerardus Mercator (March 5, 1512 - December 2, 1594) was a Flemish cartographer famous for creating a world map based on a projection that showed courses of straight lines navigation.

Gerardus Mercator (March 5, 1512 – December 2, 1594) was a Flemish cartographer famous for creating a world map based on a projection that showed courses of straight lines navigation.

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