Australia is fond of its iconic local creatures but a list of nineteenth-century rewards has revealed that this was not always the case.
In the years after the European settlement in Australia, farmers tried to clear the land of any animal that stood in the way of the expansion of agriculture throughout the country.
"Most of the new settlers did not really value Australian wildlife, they just looked like pests at any merchandise that those settlers were trying to grow," conservation biologist John Woinarski of Charles Darwin University told National Geographic.
Perhaps the most infamous in the list of rewards was thylacine, more commonly known as the Tasmanian Tiger (pictured)
"It was all about short-term profits and profits, I'm sure most people did not think that a reward for thylacine could result in their extinction, and even if they did, I do not think it would have been an undesirable outcome for them. "
Perhaps the most infamous in the list of rewards was thylacine, more commonly known as the Tasmanian Tiger.
The list of rewards was first legitimized by the Queensland government in 1877 when it introduced the Marsupial Destruction Act, which remained active until 1930.
Dr. Brandon Menzies, a zoologist at the University of Melbourne, said the act was one of the main contributors to the extinction of the Tasmanian Tiger.
The list of rewards was first legitimized by the Queensland government in 1877 when it introduced the Marsupial Destruction Act, which remained active until 1930 and at the time included the tailed eagle wedge (pictured)
"It is important to note that it suggests that the impact of government reward and competition from introduced herbivores had the greatest influence on the number of thylacids and would have been sufficient to eliminate the population in this simulated metamodel," he told National Geographic.
From 1888 to 1909, the Tasmanian government will offer one pound per head of Tasmanian tiger and ten shillings for subadults and two shillings and sixpence for the Tasmanian Demons male and three shillings and six pennies for the females from 1830 to 1941.
The wombat was also on the Victorian government victories list with one dollar per head offered between 1926 and 1966.
Perhaps the most emblematic of Australia's native animals, the koala, could not escape from the list of rewards.
The wombat was also on the list of victories of the Victorian government with one dollar per head offered between 1926 and 1966
In 1927, the Queensland government declared the koala a plague and, although a reward was not offered, a sacrifice was instituted.
As a result, it is estimated that 800,000 koalas died.
For two years, from 1940 to 1042, the Wedgetail Eagle was also on a list of rewards with the government of Western Australia offering five shillings per head.
According to the Australian Wildlife Conservancy, Australia has the highest extinction rate of mammals in the world.
Of our native species, 87% of our mammal species, 93% of reptiles, 94% of frogs and 45% of our bird species are native to the country.
Of our native species, 87% of our mammal species, 93% of reptiles, 94% of frogs and 45% of our bird species are native to the country
Of them, 30 species have been extinct since the European settlement and, as of 2018, 1,700 species of animals and plants remain on the list in danger of extinction.
The origins of the Marsupial Destruction Law date back to the Legislative Assembly in November 1876 by Mr. J. Scott, where he was quoted as saying that the marsupials were a plague.
"That in the opinion of this House, the Marsupial Plague has become an evil of such magnitude, in several Districts of the Colony, as to demand the immediate and serious attention of the Government," he said at that time.
In all its calculation, the act was also responsible for the deaths of more than 27 million kangaroos, wallaroos, bandicoots and other marsupials & # 39 ;.
NATIVE AUSTRALIAN ANIMAL LAUNCH LIST
Tailed Eagle Wedge: Five shillings per head from 1940 to 1942 (Western Australia).
Demon of Tasmania: two shillings and sixpence for men and three shillings and sixpence for women from 1830 to 1941.
Wombat: One dollar per head 1926 to 1966 (Victoria).
Thylacine (Tiger of Tasmania): One pound per head and ten shillings for subadults between 1888 and 1909 (Government of Tasmania).
Koala: Cull of the 1927 species that leads to the death of an unknown number.
Source: National Geographic