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The historic Mint building on Macquarie Street is one of Sydney's oldest surviving public buildings - but before it was Royal Mint's first overseas facility in London, it was a colonial hospital (pictured) that was funded by rum

Sydney has some of the most iconic and historic buildings in Australia – but many of these sights also have a dark and often horrible past that would surprise many visitors.

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From the cemeteries of downtown and town hall stations to the dark and painful history of The Mint as Sydney's first general hospital, the horrific and secret past of Sydney's most historic sights is revealed.

Let's take a look at the past and present of some of the more striking structures around Australia's oldest city, and uncover the little-known history of Sydney's greatest sights.

The Mint – formerly the & # 39; Rum Hospital & # 39;

The historic Mint building on Macquarie Street is one of Sydney's oldest surviving public buildings - but before it was Royal Mint's first overseas facility in London, it was a colonial hospital (pictured) that was funded by rum

The historic Mint building on Macquarie Street is one of Sydney's oldest surviving public buildings – but before it was the first overseas location of the London Royal Mint, it was a colonial hospital (pictured) that was funded by rum

The hospital was known for its rudimentary loss (photo & # 39; s) and the corridors were often crowded with poor ventilation, causing much dysentery, making the hospital known as the & # 39; Sidney Slaughter House & # 39;

The hospital was known for its rudimentary loss (photo & # 39; s) and the corridors were often crowded with poor ventilation, causing much dysentery, making the hospital known as the & # 39; Sidney Slaughter House & # 39;

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The hospital was known for its rudimentary loss (photo & # 39; s) and the corridors were often crowded with poor ventilation, causing much dysentery, making the hospital known as the & # 39; Sidney Slaughter House & # 39;

Governor Macquarie made a deal with rum merchants who allowed them to import 45,000 gallons of the spirit in exchange for those who have the & # 39; Rum Hospital & # 39; built that later became known as The Mint (photo) in 1854

Governor Macquarie made a deal with rum merchants who allowed them to import 45,000 gallons of the spirit in exchange for those who have the & # 39; Rum Hospital & # 39; built that later became known as The Mint (photo) in 1854

Governor Macquarie made a deal with rum merchants who allowed them to import 45,000 gallons of the spirit in exchange for those who have the & # 39; Rum Hospital & # 39; built that later became known as The Mint (photo) in 1854

When Lachlan Macquarie began his tenure as governor of New South Wales in 1810, one of his first goals was to develop a new hospital for Sydney, but the British government refused to finance important public works in the colony.

So the governor made a deal with rum merchants who allowed them to import 45,000 gallons of the ghost in exchange for those who have the & # 39; Rum Hospital & # 39; that later became known as The Mint in 1854.

The hospital was known for its rudimentary loss practices and the corridors were often crowded with poor ventilation, causing much dysentery, making the hospital known as the & # 39; Sidney Slaughter House & # 39 ;.

* Source: Living Museums of Sydney

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City Hall – the first official cemetery in Sydney

The site & # 39; Old Sydney Burial Ground & # 39; was the last resting place for people for 27 years until it later became Sydney Town Hall

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Many coffin relics (left) and tombstones have been dug up during excavation and construction of the cemetery site (right)

Newspaper headlines from July 1924 confirmed the discoveries of tombstones, wooden coffins and other & # 39; ancient time & # 39; relics

Newspaper headlines from July 1924 confirmed the discoveries of tombstones, wooden coffins and other & # 39; ancient time & # 39; relics

Newspaper headlines from July 1924 confirmed the discoveries of tombstones, wooden coffins and other & # 39; ancient time & # 39; relics

Sydney City Hall (photo) is one of the largest remaining buildings in Australia, which has hosted many civic, community and cultural celebrations, but it is also on the site of what was once the main NSW cemetery

Sydney City Hall (photo) is one of the largest remaining buildings in Australia, which has hosted many civic, community and cultural celebrations, but it is also on the site of what was once the main NSW cemetery

Sydney City Hall (photo) is one of the largest remaining buildings in Australia, which has hosted many civic, community and cultural celebrations, but it is also on the site of what was once the main NSW cemetery

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Sydney City Hall is one of the largest remaining buildings in Australia, where many civil, community and cultural celebrations have taken place, but it is also on the site of what was once the most important NSW cemetery.

The & # 39; Old Sydney Burial Ground & # 39; dates from the 1790s and closed in 1820, when it was full. Soon neglected, the graveyard became a refuge for stray animals and a target for grave robbers on the hunt for lead coffins.

Over the years, a number of coffins and tombstones have been excavated during the construction of the Sydney City Hall, the openwork excavations for Town Hall Railway Station and the excavation and formation of Sydney Square.

* Source: City of Sydney

The Adina Hotel, Sydney – formerly Crown Street Women & # 39; s Hospital

The Crown Street Women & # 39; s Hospital (photo) was the leading women's hospital in New South Wales between 1893 and 1983, which played an important role in caring for the poorest and most marginalized women in Sydney.
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The Crown Street Women & # 39; s Hospital (photo) was the leading women's hospital in New South Wales between 1893 and 1983, which played an important role in caring for the poorest and most marginalized women in Sydney.

The Crown Street Women & # 39; s Hospital (photo) was the leading women's hospital in New South Wales between 1893 and 1983, which played an important role in caring for the poorest and most marginalized women in Sydney.

When the hospital was closed in 1983, this led to public riot and demonstrations (photos & # 39; s) through the streets of Surry Hills

When the hospital was closed in 1983, this led to public riot and demonstrations (photos & # 39; s) through the streets of Surry Hills

When the hospital was closed in 1983, this led to public riot and demonstrations (photos & # 39; s) in the streets of Surry Hills

From the outset, the hospital sheltered homeless people and pregnant women, and in the later days it caused a revolution in the birth practices in Australia and it was a place where women started plundering illegal rapes.

From the outset, the hospital sheltered homeless people and pregnant women, and in the later days it caused a revolution in the birth practices in Australia and it was a place where women started plundering illegal rapes.

From the outset, the hospital sheltered homeless people and pregnant women, and in the later days it caused a revolution in the birth practices in Australia and it was a place where women started plundering illegal rapes.

On the site where the Crown Street Women & # 39; s Hospital used to be, there is now a budget hotel (pictured) and a medical center

On the site where the Crown Street Women & # 39; s Hospital used to be, there is now a budget hotel (pictured) and a medical center

On the site where the Crown Street Women & # 39; s Hospital used to be, there is now a budget hotel (pictured) and a medical center

The Crown Street Women & # 39; s Hospital was the most important women's hospital in New South Wales between 1893 and 1983, which played an important role in caring for the poorest and most marginalized women in Sydney.

From the outset, the hospital sheltered homeless people and pregnant women, and in the later days revolutionized the birth practices in Australia and was a place where women went in search of unsuccessful illegal abortions.

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Despite its rich history of medical care for women, the hospital closed in 1983, resulting in public riot and demonstrations in the neighboring streets of Surry Hills. The site now houses a budget hotel and a medical center.

* Source: Allen & Unwin

Central Station – formerly the Sandhills Cemetery

When the Old Burial Ground reached its capacity and was closed in 1820, the Sandhills Cemetery (photo) or Old Devonshire Street cemetery was used to bury the dead of Sydney until the site was redeveloped as a central station

The ascented coffins were transferred to cemeteries in Rookwood, Camperdown, South Head, Waverley and Gore Hill, while the rest were transferred via a specially developed railway line to Bunnerong Cemetery near Botany.
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The ascented coffins were transferred to cemeteries in Rookwood, Camperdown, South Head, Waverley and Gore Hill, while the rest were transferred via a specially developed railway line to Bunnerong Cemetery near Botany.

The ascented coffins were transferred to cemeteries in Rookwood, Camperdown, South Head, Waverley and Gore Hill, while the rest were transferred via a specially developed railway line to Bunnerong Cemetery near Botany.

The cemetery was the resting place for nearly 50 years, between 1819 and 1868, until the government of the state moved the burial and burial to make way for the construction of the Sydney Central Railway Station (pictured)

The cemetery was the resting place for nearly 50 years, between 1819 and 1868, until the government of the state moved the burial and burial to make way for the construction of the Sydney Central Railway Station (pictured)

The cemetery was the resting place for nearly 50 years, between 1819 and 1868, until the government of the state moved the burial and burial to make way for the construction of the Sydney Central Railway Station (pictured)

When the Old Burial Ground reached its capacity in 1820 and was closed, the Sandhills Cemetery or Old Devonshire Street cemetery was used to bury the dead of Sydney until it was later redeveloped as a central station.

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The cemetery was the resting place for nearly 50 years, between 1819 and 1868, until the government of the state raised the buried and moved to make way for the construction of the city's future transportation hub.

The ascented coffins were transferred to cemeteries in Rookwood, Camperdown, South Head, Waverley and Gore Hill, while the rest were transferred to Bunnerong Cemetery near Botany via a specially designed track.

* Source: Sydney Architect

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