The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD was so extreme that it turned the brain of a 25-year-old man into glass
Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD. C., burying the cities of Pompeii, Oplontis and Stabiae under ashes and rock fragments, and the city of Herculaneum under a flow of mud.
Mount Vesuvius, on the west coast of Italy, is the only active volcano in continental Europe and is believed to be one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world.
All residents died instantly when the city of southern Italy was hit by a pyroclastic heat wave of 500 ° C.
Pyroclastic flows are a dense collection of hot gas and volcanic materials that flow along the side of a volcano erupting at high speed.
They are more dangerous than lava because they travel faster, at speeds of around 450 mph (700 km / h) and at temperatures of 1,000 ° C.
An administrator and poet named Pliny the youngest saw the disaster unfold from a distance.
Letters that describe what he saw were found in the 16th century.
His writing suggests that the eruption surprised Pompeii residents.
Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD. C., burying the cities of Pompeii, Oplontis and Stabiae under ashes and rock fragments, and the city of Herculaneum under a mudflow
He said a column of smoke ‘like an umbrella pine’ rose from the volcano and made the surrounding cities as black as night.
People ran through their lives with torches, screams and some cried while the rain of ashes and pumice fell for several hours.
While the eruption lasted about 24 hours, the first pyroclastic waves began at midnight, which caused the volcano’s column to collapse.
An avalanche of hot ashes, rocks and poisonous gases rushed down the side of the volcano at 124 mph (199 km / h), burying the victims and the remains of everyday life.
Hundreds of refugees taking refuge in vaulted arcades on the coast of Herculaneum, grabbing their jewels and money, were killed instantly.
The Orto dei fuggiaschi (The garden of the fugitives) shows the 13 bodies of victims who were buried by the ashes while trying to flee from Pompeii during the eruption of Vesuvius volcano in 79 AD.
When the people fled from Pompeii or hid in their homes, their bodies were covered by the swell blankets.
While Pliny did not calculate how many people died, it was said that the event was ‘exceptional’ and the number of deaths is believed to exceed 10,000.
What have they found?
This event put an end to the life of cities, but at the same time preserved them until the rediscovery of archaeologists almost 1700 years later.
The excavation of Pompeii, the industrial center of the region and Herculaneum, a small beach resort, has given an unparalleled view of Roman life.
Archaeologists are continually discovering more of the ash-covered city.
In May, archaeologists discovered an alley of large houses, with practically intact balconies and still in their original tones.
A plaster cast of a dog, from the House of Orpheus, Pompeii, 79 d. C. It is believed that around 30,000 people died in chaos, with bodies still discovered to this day.
Some of the balconies even had amphorae, the conical-shaped terracotta vases that were used to contain wine and oil in ancient Roman times.
The discovery has been hailed as a “complete novelty,” and the Italian Ministry of Culture hopes they can be restored and open to the public.
Rarely have superior stores been found among the ruins of the ancient city, which was destroyed by an eruption of Vesuvius volcano and buried under up to six meters of ash and volcanic debris.
It is believed that around 30,000 people died in chaos, with bodies still discovered to this day.