Robert Mueller, Special Counselor, outlined President Donald Trump's investigation into obstruction of the law in the second part of his report, with 11 specific examples that his team examined in their 22-month investigation.
Many of them have been reported in the media for the past two years and the followers of the research saga will appear familiar.
But the report contains some new details about the president's actions around firing former FBI director James Comey, the president's efforts to keep Attorney General Jeff Sessions from recapturing himself in the investigation and his defense of former national safety adviser Mike Flynn.
In the second part of his report, Robert Mueller outlined President Donald Trump's investigation into obstruction of the law
Mueller & # 39; s 448 pages & # 39; s report was released on Thursday morning
President Donald Trump has given Americans the past few days & no collusion, no obstacle & # 39; recalled, referring to the summary of Attorney General William Barr's Mueller report
President Donald Trump has given Americans the past few days & no collusion, no obstacle & # 39; recalled, with reference to the summary of Attorney General William Barr's Mueller report.
Before he understands the details, Mueller gives the reasoning behind the obstruction probe.
He starts by acknowledging the policy of Justice that a sitting president cannot be charged. But, he notes, a president & # 39; has no immunity after leaving office & # 39 ;.
He also points out that if people other than the president obstruct law, & # 39; they can be prosecuted right now & # 39 ;.
Mueller argues that the & # 39; strong public interest in ensuring the integrity of the criminal justice system & # 39; led his team to conduct a & # 39; thorough factual investigation to preserve evidence when reminders were fresh and documentary materials were available. & # 39;
And, he notes, Congress can still prosecute Trump for obstruction.
& # 39; The conclusion that Congress may apply the obstruction laws to the corrupt exercise of office powers by the president is consistent with our constitutional system of checks and balances and the principle that no one is above the law & he says.
Mueller concludes by explaining that they have not offered a recommendation for an obstruction because his team & # 39; was determined not to make a traditional judgment about the prosecution, we have not drawn any final conclusions about the behavior of the president. & # 39;
He said that the evidence about the actions and intentions of the president suggests "difficult issues to be resolved if we were to make a traditional judgment about the persecution."
But he adds: & # 39; At the same time, if we were confident after a thorough investigation of the facts that the President clearly did not commit any obstacle to justice, we would put it that way. Based on the facts and the applicable legal standards, we cannot reach that judgment. Although this report does not conclude that the president has committed a crime, it does not relieve him either. & # 39;
These are the 11 episodes that Mueller describes in his report:
The campaign's response to reports on Russian support for Trump
First, the Special Adviser outlined the Trump campaign's response to reports on Russian support for the then presidential candidate.
In particular, the Mueller team investigated the campaign's response after WikiLeaks had released a treasure chest of hacked emails from the Democratic National Committee and campaign leader John Podesta of Hillary Clinton.
& # 39; After WikiLeaks released politically damaging emails from the Democratic Party allegedly hacked by Russia, Trump publicly expressed skepticism that Russia was responsible for the hacks at the same time that he and other campaign officials were looking for private information , & # 39; Mueller remarked.
Details of the requested information were strongly edited, citing & # 39; damage to an ongoing case & # 39; – a likely indication that the situation is still being investigated by prosecutors.
Donald Trump & # 39; s personal lawyer Michael Cohen stands behind Trump as a group of supporters, plus vice presidential candidate Mike Pence, surrounds the then presidential candidate in September 2016
The report also cited the Trump organization's efforts to build a Trump Tower Moscow, a project on which former personal Trump lawyer Michael Cohen worked.
& # 39; Trump also denied business or ties with Russia, although the Trump organization had already signed a license agreement in June 2016 for a skyscraper to be built in Russia, called Trump Tower Moscow, & # 39; notes it.
After the dump of Wikileaks email in early July 2016, the Trump campaign reversed suggestions to help the candidate.
Then, at a press conference on July 27, 2016, Trump denied having business contacts with Russia, but Cohen told the Mueller team that he had subsequently spoken with the then-candidate.
& # 39; Cohen recalled talking to Trump after the press conference about Trump's denial of business transactions in Russia, which Cohen considered untrue, said the report, and & # 39; Trump told Cohen that Trump Tower Moscow was not yet a deal and said: & # 39; Why say it if it's not a deal? & # 39; & # 39;
At that time, the Trump organization was just a failed hunt for the Trump Tower Moscow project.
& # 39; However, the Trump organization had carried out a construction project in Moscow, the Trump Tower Moscow project from about September 2015 to June 2016, and the candidate was regularly informed of developments, including possible journeys by Michael Cohen to Moscow to promote the deal and by Trump himself to finalize it. & # 39 ;, according to the report.
Behavior with regard to FBI director Comey and Michael Flynn
The Mueller team also looked at president behavior around former FBI director James Comey and the investigation by Michael Flynn, the former national security adviser.
The controversy began when Flynn made two phone calls during the President's transition process with Sergey Kislyak, the Russian ambassador to the United States, about sanctions imposed by the Obama administration in response to US intelligence services reporting that Moscow was involved in the 2016 elections .
& # 39; After the press reported on Flynn's contacts with the Russian ambassador, Flynn lied to incoming government officials by saying that he had not discussed any sanctions on the calls & # 39 ;, the report reports, adding that he also lied to FBI agents about the calls.
On January 26, 2017, Deputy Attorney General Sally Yates informed the administration that Flynn had lied to officials about his calls – including Vice President Mike Pence, who in return repeated that lie in public. She also revealed that Flynn was interviewed in the White House by FBI agents.
The Mueller team also looked at president behavior around former FBI director James Comey (left) and the investigation by former national security adviser Michael Flynn (right)
On January 27, the president invited Comey to dinner.
Then the White House chief of staff, Reince Priebus, told Mueller's team that he & # 39; before dinner & # 39; said something like the president & # 39 ;, don't talk about Russia, whatever you do, & # 39; and the president promised he would not talk about Russia dinner. & # 39;
Moreover, the then White House adviser, Don McGahn, had previously advised Trump that he should not communicate directly with the Department of Justice to avoid the perception or reality of political law enforcement interference.
And then White House adviser, Steve Bannon, suggested that he or Priebus also attended Trump's dinner with Comey, & # 39; but the president said he only wanted to dine with Comey. & # 39;
According to Corney & # 39; s statement, the president said at some point during dinner: "I need loyalty, I expect loyalty."
Corney replied: "You always get honesty from me."
As media reports about Flynn's calls with Russia increased, he was eventually asked to leave.
& # 39; On February 13, 2017, Priebus told Flynn that he should resign. Flynn said he wanted to say goodbye to the president, so Priebus brought him to the Oval Office. Priebus recalled that President Flynn hugged, shook his hand, and said, "We'll give you a good recommendation, you're a good guy, we'll take care of you." & # 39;
Michael Flynn resigned from the White House after it was revealed that he had lied about appeals to the Russian ambassador during the president's transition process
On 14 February 2017, Trump met in the Oval Office with Comey, Attorney General Jeff Sessions, and other officials for a home security briefing. When it was over, Trump asked to talk to Comey alone.
According to the Comey story, Trump said to him: & I hope you can see your way free to let this go, to let Flynn go. He's a good guy. I hope you can let this go. & # 39;
& # 39; Comey testified under oath that he was declaring the President's statement & # 39; as a direction & # 39; had taken because of the president's position and the circumstances of the one-to-one meeting & # 39 ;, the report said.
The president later tried to make a statement that he had not asked Flynn to talk to Russia about sanctions.
On February 22, 2017, Priebus and Bannon told Deputy National Security Advisor KT McFarland that Trump wanted her to resign, but that she could make her the ambassador to Singapore.
The next day, Trump asked Priebus to have McFarland prepare an internal e-mail that would confirm that he had not appointed Flynn to call the Russian ambassador for sanctions.
Priebus told the Mueller & # 39 team, telling the president he would only recommend McFarland to write such a letter if she was comfortable with it. Priebus called McFarland in his office to convey the President's request that she write to commemorate that President Flynn had not encouraged him to talk to Kislyak. McFarland told Priebus that she did not know whether the President had urged Flynn to talk to Kislyak about sanctions & # 39; and & # 39; that evening, Priebus stopped at McFarland & # 39; s office and told her not to write the email and forgetting that he even mentioned it. & # 39;
Trump also instructed Priebus to check in on Flynn and see how he was doing. & # 39; Priebus called Flynn and said that he was checking in and that Flynn was an American hero. Priebus thought the president did not want Flynn to say bad things about him, & the report concluded.
Then director Reince Priebus of the White House checked in with Flynn after his resignation
Also revealed in this part of the report was the origin of Trump's claim that Comey told him that he was not personally under FBI investigation.
On January 6, 2017, Comey informed the incoming president of the unverified allegations in the & # 39; Golden Showers & # 39; file – the unverified allegation in the report of the former British spy Christopher Steele & # 39; that the Russians had uncompromising links with the president who was conducting when he was a private citizen during a trip to Moscow in 2013 for the Miss Universe pageant. & # 39;
Comey told Muller's team that Trump & # 39; defensive & # 39; was when he brought it up, so he wanted to assure him that the FBI was not investigating him personally. Comey remembered that he did not want the president-elect to see the conversation as a "J. Edgar Hoover movement."
The President's response to the ongoing investigation in Russia
This part of Mueller's report has to do with Attorney General Jeff Sessions' decision to withdraw from the investigation, a move that later brought Trump's wrath on.
& # 39; Early March President White House Counsel told Donald McGahn to prevent sessions from being reused. And after Sessions announced his disapproval on March 2, the president expressed anger about the decision and told advisors that he should have an attorney general who would protect him, & the report states.
Sessions reproached himself for not revealing in his January confirmation meeting two meetings he had with Russian Ambassador Kislyak before the presidential election. & # 39;
McGahn reached for Sessions who told him that he intended to follow the rules for recidivism.
Trump was furious when Attorney General Jeff Sessions condemned himself from the Mueller probe
Trump told White House Counsel Donald McGahn (above) to stop Sessions from reprinting themselves
& McGahn continued to try to avert the Sessions & # 39; s recusal by speaking with Sessions & # 39; s personal counsel, Sessions & # 39; s chief of staff, and Senator Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, and by contacting Sessions & # 39; twice more, the report reveals.
Sessions told the Mueller team that other White House advisers also called him that day to argue against his disapproval.
The day after Sessions had wounded himself, White House advisor Steve Bannon recalled that the president was as crazy as Bannon had ever seen him and yelled at McGahn about how weak Sessions was. Trump also questioned the relationship between the previous president and his attorney general: & # 39; Are you telling me that Bobby and Jack were not talking about investigations? Or did Obama not tell Eric Holder who to investigate? & # 39;
Sessions traveled to Mar-a-Lago the following weekend, where he said Trump pulled him aside and asked him to & # 39; remember & # 39 ;.
The termination by the president of Comey
The Mueller team also investigated President Trump & # 39; s resignation of the then FBI director James Comey on May 9, 2017.
On May 3, 2017, Corney was scheduled to testify at an FBI oversight session for the Senate Committee.
Then White House Counsel Don McGahn told Mueller's team that in the week prior to the hearing, Trump said it would be a drop if Comey didn't take the opportunity to set the record straight by publicly announcing that the president did not undergo investigation. & # 39;
Comey refused to answer questions about the investigation in Russia during the hearing because it was an ongoing issue.
The following weekend, Trump went to his golf course in Bedminister, N.J., where he told assistants that he wanted to fire Comey. He & # 39; dictated arguments and specific language for the letter & # 39; to fire him, while White House adviser Stephen Miller took notes.
Mueller & # 39; s team also investigated President Trump's resignation from then-FBI director James Comey (above)
After the President informed his associates of his decision, assistants later held a meeting of Oval Office with Sessions and Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein later in the week. It was agreed that Rosenstein would write a memo recommending that Comey be fired.
On May 9, Trump received a letter from Sessions recommending Corney & # 39; s move and a memorandum from Rosenstein, addressed to the Attorney General, entitled & # 39; Restoring public confidence in the FBI & # 39 ;.
Trump loved what he read and agreed that they should lay the foundation for a new cover letter from the president who accepted the recommendation to end Comey. & # 39;
But he insisted that the letter state that Comey & # 39; had told the president three times that he was not being investigated. & # 39;
After Comey was fired, Trump was not happy with the press coverage and directed assistants to go out and defend him. He also called Rosenstein and asked him to hold a press conference on the issue.
& # 39; Rosenstein replied that this was not a good idea, because if the press were to ask him, he would tell the truth that the firing of Comey was not his idea, & # 39; noted the report.
The White House tried to argue that it was the memo of Attorney General Rod Rosenstein who caused Comey to be fired
& # 39; The White House claimed that the termination of Corney was the result of independent recommendations from the Attorney General and Deputy Attorney General that Corney should be fired for misuse of the email investigation by Hillary Clinton. But the president had decided to fire Corney before hearing from the Justice Department, & the report said.
The report then also revealed – the White House vice secretary, Sarah Sanders, lied to the media when she said they had heard & # 39; the higher and lower levels of the FBI had lost faith in their director & # 39 ;.
Sanders later told the office of the Special Counselor & # 39; her reference to hearing & # 39; countless members of the FBI & # 39; was a & # 39; slip of the tongue. & # 39; & # 39;
The appointment of a special adviser and efforts to remove him
Mueller also investigated his own appointment in the special counsel job and Trump's attempt to remove him from his position, including the President's demand that Attorney General Jeff Sessions, who had withdrawn from the case, resign.
& # 39; The president responded to the news that a special lawyer had been appointed by telling advisers that it & # 39; the end of his presidency & # 39; and that Sessions had to resign. Sessions submitted his resignation, but the president eventually did not accept it, according to the report.
When Sessions told Trump that a special counselor had been appointed, the president fell back in his chair and said, "Oh my God, this is terrible, this is the end of my presidency, I am numb." The president got angry and complained to the Attorney General for his decision to recapture the investigation and said, "How could you make this happen, Jeff?"
Trump told Sessions that he would resign and the attorney general at the time submitted his resignation letter. The president ultimately did not accept his resignation.
Robert Mueller's team investigated Trump's efforts to have the special lawyer removed
Trump looked for other ways to get rid of Mueller: & # 39; The President quoted as conflicts that Mueller had interviewed for the position of the FBI director shortly before he was appointed as Special Counsel that he had worked for a law firm that people representative associated with the president, and that Mueller had contested certain fees related to his membership of a Trump golf course in Northern Virginia, & # 39; said the report. & # 39;
Finally, Mueller & # 39; s appointment got up.
But on Saturday, June 17, 2017, Trump then called the White House adviser, Don McGahn, and had him remove the Special Counsel.
McGahn told Mueller's team that he & # 39; was amazed by the call and did not intend to respond to the & # 39; request.
McGahn decided to resign over the fear that Trump would exert pressure to have Mueller removed. He decided & # 39; he would resign instead of triggering what he considered a potential Saturday night massacre. & # 39;
Then the White House advised Don McGahn that he would resign instead of removing Mueller
He called both the then Chief of Staff Reince Priebus and Steve Bannon, White House adviser, and told them he was stopping.
McGahn told Priebus that Trump asked him to do & # 39; crazy *** & # 39;
Both urged him to stay. And while McGahnn didn't immediately tell the president he was about to resign, & the next time they saw each other, Trump didn't ask him if he could continue.
Efforts to restrict the Special Counsel investigation
Mueller also investigated the President's attempts to limit his investigation, including an Oval Office meeting on 19 June 2017 with former campaign leader Corey Lewandowski, where Trump Lewandowski ordered a message to be delivered to Sessions.
"The message said that Sessions should publicly announce that, despite his disapproval of the Russia investigation, the investigation was" very unfair "to the President, the President had done nothing wrong and Sessions was planning to meet the Special Counsel and "please [him] continue to investigate election interfering with future elections, "according to the report.
Trump asked former campaign leader Corey Lewandowski (above) to deliver a message to then Attorney General Jeff Sessions
The report also reveals how Trump's advisers and staff simply refused to implement his guidelines.
& # 39; Lewandowski did not want to deliver the President's message in person, so he asked the White House official Rick Dearborn to bring it to Sessions. Dearborn felt uncomfortable with the task and did not follow it, & notes the report.
Trump then also told – Chief of Staff Reince Priebus Sessions had to resign and wanted a letter of resignation from him.
But Priebus told the investigators that he was worried about the President's request, so he called the White House adviser, Don McGahn, to talk about it. Both men decided that they would rather resign than perform it.
Trump finally admitted that he directly asked for Sessions to be fired, but spent the following days criticizing him on Twitter.
Attempts to prevent disclosure of evidence
The report also covers the now infamous 9-Jun meeting in Trump Tower during the 2016 campaign, in which Donald Trump Jr., then campaign leader Paul Manafort and Trum's son-in-law Jared Kushner met a Russian official who claimed to have filth on Clinton.
Mueller reveals the President's efforts to disguise the real purpose of the meeting after hearing the media investigate it.
The report examined President Trump's attempt to hide the real purpose of the June 9, 2016 Trump Tower meeting, where Donald Trump Jr. (center) and Jared Kushner (right) met with a Russian who claimed to be dirty on Hillary Clinton
& # 39; On several occasions, the President advised the adjutants not to disclose the emails in which the June 9 meeting was held, suggesting that the emails would not leak and that the number of lawyers that had access to them was limited must be. Before the emails became public, the president edited a press statement for Trump Jr. by removing a rule confirming that the meeting was with "a person who [Trump Jr.] It was said that information might be useful for the & # 39; campaign and instead said only that the meeting was about adoptions of Russian children & # 39 ;, the report said.
In response to written questions, Trump told investigators that he & # 39; did not remember learning from the meeting or the emails it drafted at the time the meeting took place or at any other time before the election. & # 39 ;
Ivanka Trump and Kushner were all brought in as part of Trump's efforts to hide the origin of the encounter
Hope Hicks consulted with the first daughter and her husband about the issue
The report also reveals that White House communications director Hope Hicks, Ivanka Trump and Kushner have all come in as part of Trump's efforts to hide the origins of the encounter.
Communication advisors Hope Hicks and Josh Raffel recalled researchers discussing with Jared Kushner and Ivanka Trump that Donald Trump Jr.'s emails. who set up the meeting & # 39; were harmful and would inevitably be leaked & # 39 ;.
Further efforts to lead the Attorney General in charge of the investigation
Mueller investigated President Trump's attempts to then – Attorney General Jeff Sessions – abstain from himself & # 39; and to see the examination of the special council.
In December 2017, shortly after former National Security Adviser Michael Flynn pleaded guilty to a collaboration agreement, Trump met with Sessions in the Oval Office and suggested that if Sessions would not be taken over and supervision of research in Russia would take he & # 39; would be a hero & # 39; . & # 39; & # 39;
Trump then tried to get Attorney General Jeff Sessions to withdraw himself from the Special Counsel's probe and tell him that he was a & # 39; hero & # 39; would be
Sessions did not run away and left the Justice Department after the 2018 elections.
Efforts to have McGahn deny that the President had ordered him to remove the Special Counsel
Het rapport onderzocht ook de pogingen van Trump om toenmalig adviseur van het Witte Huis Don McGahn rapporten te ontzeggen die de president hem had opgedragen om vervolgens procureur-generaal Jeff Sessions te ontslaan, wat McGahn weigerde te doen.
Trump noemde het verhaal 'nepnieuws' toen de New York Times het brak en vroeg McGahn om het te ontkennen, wat hij weigerde te doen.
De president zei ook toen aan stafssecretaris Rob Porter om McGahn te vertellen 'om een record te maken om duidelijk te maken dat de president McGahn nooit opdracht gaf de Special Counsel te ontslaan.'
Trump verwees ook McGahn als een 'leugenachtige klootzak' en zei dat hij een record van hem wilde hebben. & # 39;
Trump's wilde toen de Witte Huis raad Don McGahn ontkende berichten dat de president hem had bevolen te ontslaan dan procureur-generaal Jeff Sessions
Porter citeerde Trump over McGahn: "Als hij geen brief schrijft, moet ik misschien van hem af."
Porter stuurde het verzoek van Trump door aan McGahn, die het weigerde.
Trump ontmoette later McGahn in het Oval Office om hem op de kwestie te drukken, maar de advocaat vertelde hem dat het verhaal niet gecorrigeerd hoefde te worden omdat het waar was.
De president vroeg McGahn ook waarom hij aantekeningen maakte.
McGahn antwoordde dat hij aantekeningen maakt omdat hij een 'echte advocaat' is en legde uit dat aantekeningen een record creëren en geen slechte zaak zijn. & # 39; De president zei: 'Ik heb veel goede advocaten gehad, zoals Roy Cohn. Hij maakte geen aantekeningen. & # 39;
Gedrag tegenover Flynn, Manafort en (geredigeerd)
Mueller onderzocht het gedrag van Trump tegenover Michael Flynn, voormalig nationaal veiligheidsadviseur en voormalig campagneleider Paul Manafort, nadat beide mannen hadden afgesproken om samen te werken met het team van de speciale counsel.
Nadat Flynn zich terugtrok uit een gezamenlijke defensieovereenkomst met de president en begon samen te werken met de regering, liet de persoonlijke raadsman van de president een bericht achter voor de advocaten van Flynn die hen herinnerden aan de warme gevoelens van de president jegens Flynn, die hij zei "nog steeds blijft", en vragen om een "heads-up" als Flynn "informatie die de president impliceert" kende, "merkt het rapport op.
Trump prees zijn voormalige campagneleider Paul Manafort
Een groot deel van deze sectie is geredigeerd
En Trump prees Manafort in het openbaar toen de jury in zijn zaak beraadslaagde en zei dat 'Manafort oneerlijk werd behandeld en weigerde om gratie uit te sluiten.'
De rest is geredigeerd met vermelding van 'schade aan de lopende materie'.
Gedrag waarbij Michael Cohen betrokken is
Mueller onderzocht ook het gedrag van Trump tegenover zijn voormalige fixer, Michael Cohen.
Het rapport onderzocht de houding van Trump tegenover zijn voormalige persoonlijke advocaat Michael Cohen
'Het gedrag van de president ten opzichte van Michael Cohen, een voormalig lid van de Trump Organization, veranderde van lof voor Cohen toen hij ten onrechte de betrokkenheid van de president in het project Trump Tower Moskou minimaliseerde, tot het horen van Cohen toen hij een meewerkende getuige werd', aldus het rapport.