Elizabethan Londoners who lived near William Shakespeare could have been the inspiration behind classic plays such as As You Like It, Macbeth and King Lear.
Until now it was never exactly known where the literary miracle Shakespeare lived when he first surprised the audience with his plays in the late 16th century.
Born in Stratford-upon-Avon, he moved from the medieval market town to the capital, where he transformed from the son of a glove maker into one of the world's most famous playwrights.
After a decade of research, a dedicated historian has now discovered the variety of neighbors that Shakespeare had been exposed to during his stay in London, and how slowly but surely they found their way into some of the most famous plays in history.
William Shakespeare (photo above) is said to have been inspired by his neighbors and even included in some of his plays
The locations of Shakespeare and its famous neighbors including Lord Mayor of that time, Sir John Spencer (map shows where the addresses would have been in today's London)
Theater historian and director of the theater and performance department of the V & A, Geoffrey Marsh, managed to identify exactly the house where Shakespeare lived in the fifties, where he enumerated plays such as Rome and Juliet, A Midsummer Night & # 39; s Dream, Richard III and The Merchant of Venice.
The house, north of the cemetery in St. Helen's parish in London, was demolished a long time ago, but Mr. Marsh was able to determine the location, as well as the difficult time that Shakespeare would move in after searching of historical data from the Leathersellers company.
This new discovery has been greeted by some scholars as filling some of the & # 39; gaping holes in this jigsaw puzzle, as well as being able to provide clues to characters in his most famous works.
The theater historian's revelations can explain various details of his plays, including why there are witches in Macbeth and why many of the plays determine Italy.
A map of London in Shakespeare times (pictured above) that describes the location of Shakespeare
Shakespeare had founded the original Globe Theater in 1599. The new rebuilt globe on the original site was opened to the public in 1997.
The pickle is now one of the landmarks of London that is close to Shakespeare
In the telegraph, Mr. Marsh said that it was not so much the discovery of the location of Shakespeare's house, but rather what it revealed about his neighbor's circle, which could provide insight into both his plays and his social life.
He said: & # 39; I have found all the information on a map and now we can view all the different connections, & # 39; he said. & # 39; It's about trying to look at his house in the context of who else lived at the time.
& # 39; Within a few years of moving to London from Stratford, he lived in one of the richest parishes in the city, alongside powerful public figures, wealthy international merchants, society doctors, and expert musicians. & # 39;
& # 39; The traders had connections throughout Europe and the doctors were linked to the latest progressive thinking at universities in Italy and Germany. & # 39;
The church of St. Helen (see photo above) is now in the shadow of the pickle
Today's streets seem far away from what they would have been like during Shakespeare's time north of the River Thames
The church (on the photo on the right) is the largest remaining parish in the City of London
Mr. Marsh indicated that the parish was one of the & # 39; power places of London & # 39; was and said the neighbors of Shakespearea would be related to the current & # 39; Notting Hill series & # 39 ;.
& # 39; He lived in a parish with MPs, doctors and international financiers. It is the equivalent of today's Notting Hill businessmen who live alongside artists, especially musicians & # 39 ;.
& # 39; He lived among rich, self-conscious, high-status people who controlled the world as he knew it, and I think that's why he went there. He was a provincial in the making in a very competitive environment. Mixing with people like this had a profound effect on him. & # 39;
Mr. Marsh claims that Shakespeare's most influential neighbors were Peter Turner and Edward Jorden, two wealthy doctors who probably lived within 50 yards of Shakespeare.
Like the pickle, the Leadenhall building (right) is now also located in the area
Google Street View is able to show the surroundings of St Helen & # 39; s Churchyard near Bishopsgate Street
Dr. Turner both lived and trained in Germany and inherited a collection of books from his father, who had also been a doctor, and wrote the first herbs in English history.
Mr. Marsh said that Shakespeare may have gathered a lot of information about the word from Mr. Turner's impressive book collection.
& # 39; How the hell would William Shakespeare know about Italy? & # 39; Mr. Marsh said.
& # 39; We cannot prove that they have sat together at the table, but that conversations have taken place between them.
It is said that books about the wider world had inspired Shakespeare scenes to Italy (depicted above the Romeo and Juliet balcony in Verona)
& # 39; Shakespeare was obsessed with people and how they interacted, and that is why his plays were so powerful. & # 39;
Dr. Jorden was also reportedly fascinated by women's health and during the 16th century it was common to attribute something of menstruation to the movement of the womb, in the body the & # 39; mother & # 39; called.
This specific expression & # 39; O! how this mother swells up to my heart! & # 39 ;, makes a prominent appearance in King Lear.
At the beginning of the 16th century Dr. Jorden also involved in a famous witch case, known as the & # 39; Mary Glover affair & # 39 ;.
It was here that a 14-year-old girl claimed that she had suffered attacks caused by the black magic of an older woman.
Games such as Macbeth, as said, to be inspired by events that the neighbors of Shakespeare had told him about (a performance of Macbeth in 2018, pictured)
Dr. Jorden appeared before the older woman's court and gave evidence to the young girl, saying that the alleged spell was caused by her psychological problems.
The nature of the trail could have been the inspiration behind the three witches featured in Shakespeare & # 39; s darkest play, Macbeth.
& # 39; There is also that scene when Lady Macbeth obsessively tries to wash her hands, which may have been influenced by it. & # 39;
Lady Macbeth & # 39; s famous lines, damn it! & # 39; could represent her attempt to eradicate psychological demons through physical actions.
Mr. Marsh also added that it is very likely that Shakespeare moved to the parish before 1594 when Sir John Spencer became Lord Mayor.
Sir John was known as an & # 39; unpleasant man & # 39; who had a passionate hatred of the theater.
One of his neighbors had an enormous book collection that may have inspired his plays. (Still image of Much Ado About Nothing)
His hatred was so deep that he promised to close all the theater, making it highly unlikely that Shakespeare would have been withdrawn while he was working.
The anti-theater campaign was then followed by a major outbreak of the plague, killing five percent of the St. Helen parish.
From 1592-1594 all playhouses in London were closed after it was determined that they were a source of infection.
This was crucial to Shakespeare's career, and the drought of the theater prompted the playwright to engage in his poetry. It was at that time that he wrote The Rape of Lucrece and Venus, to earn himself extra income in the absence of the theater.
Also speaking at Telegraph, English professor at Columbia University, James Shapiro, who wrote the award-winning 1599: A Year in the Life by William Shakespeare, scholars said less about the arrival of every day playwright from his late twenties and early thirties .
He said that his life in London during this period was a & # 39; cipher & # 39; remained and added that Mr. Marsh has now been able to fill the gaps in the puzzle.
He said: & # 39; I have always been curious about how Shakespeare knew the musician with whom he collaborated: & # 39; It was a lover and his Lass & # 39; in As You Like It. Thanks to Marsh's work, I now know that they lived in St. Helen & # 39; s cheek. You learn a lot about someone from the company they love, the neighborhood they choose.
& # 39; The wheels of science grind slowly, but grind well; others will now follow in Marsh's footsteps and work out more details so that we can see how Shakespeare, a writer whom we consider universal, like the rest of us, is a product of his time and place. & # 39;
The guild that the Elizabethan leather trade organized, the company of leathersellers, owned a large part of the parish in which Shakespeare was staying.
Mr. Marsh delved into their extensive archives, where almost 500 years later the Leathersellers had kept a record of their tenants dating from the 1550s.
The records were hard to decipher and had many spelling errors. Nevertheless, in 1598, Mr. Marsh could have identified himself among the tenants & tenants, including John Prymme / Pryn and John Robinson the Younger, who appear immediately above Shakespeare's name in the 1598 tax file.
M. then found that people were listed in order of location of their homes by linking different types of records.
He then discovered that both John & # 39; s had lived alongside the Leatherseller Clark, John Hatton.
He continued to notice that all the surrounding evidence pointed to Shakespeare who occupied an adjacent building.
It could also have been that he accommodated rooms in the hive of buildings that had overlooked the graveyard of St Helena Church.
Professor of Shakespeare Studies at Oxford University, Professor Emma Smith emphasized to the Telegraph that the findings of Mr. Marsh & # 39; very significant & # 39; goods.
She said: & # 39; The archives have been looted for 150 years for information about Shakespeare, so to discover that something really new is really something. & # 39;