The Ebola outbreak that has killed 75 people in the Democratic Republic of the Congo since it began four weeks ago has the potential to be the worst seen & # 39;
An agency responding to humanitarian crises fears that it will overcome the 2014 pandemic, which killed 11,000 and decimated West Africa.
The International Rescue Committee said: "Without a quick, concerted and efficient response, this outbreak has the potential to be the worst seen."
Humanitarian workers are fighting 24 hours to contain the outbreak, and are feared to have struck 111 people in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, on the border with Uganda.
Experimental drugs have been sent to the area to control the virus, considered one of the most lethal pathogens that exist.
A map of the World Health Organization shows the spread of Ebola throughout the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with cases of dark orange highlighting those that have been confirmed and those that are light orange that are still being tested.
Virologists have repeatedly warned that the situation is "difficult to control" because the cases are in a zone of conflict, roamed by armed militias.
And yesterday, Dr. Tedros Adhanom, head of the World Health Organization, intensified warnings about its possible rapid spread.
Several areas near the epicenter of the outbreak in the city of Mangina are forbidden to health workers for safety reasons.
Dr. Tedros Adhanom told the Reuters news agency: "If a case is hidden in the red zone or in an inaccessible area, it is dangerous. It can cause a fire, just one case. "
He admitted that there has been a steady decline in new cases, but cautioned that it was too early to say that the outbreak is stabilizing.
No new cases have been diagnosed since Sunday and two infected patients have recovered after receiving an experimental drug.
Health authorities are testing five anti-Ebola drugs to try to stop the highly contagious virus.
Ebola virus disease, caused by the virus with its namesake, kills about 50 percent of the people it attacks, but there is no proven treatment available.
Congolese health workers take the temperature of a civilian before administering the experimental vaccine against Ebola in the village of Mangina
Dr. Tom Frieden, director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention UU., It is decontaminated by Doctors Without Borders staff after visiting their Ebola treatment unit in the province of North Kivu.
HAS THE DRC HAD AN EBOLA OUTBREAK BEFORE?
The Democratic Republic of the Congo escaped the brutal Ebola pandemic that began in 2014, which was finally declared final in January 2016, but was hit by a smaller outbreak last year.
Four residents of the DRC died from the virus in 2017. The outbreak lasted only 42 days and international aid teams were praised for their prompt responses.
The new outbreak is the tenth in the Democratic Republic of the Congo since the discovery of Ebola in the country in 1976, named for the river. The outbreak earlier this summer was his ninth.
Health experts recognize the awareness of the disease among the population and the experience of the local medical staff that deals with the successes of the past that contain its dissemination.
The remote and extensive geography of DRC also gives it an advantage, since outbreaks are usually located and are relatively easy to isolate.
The WHO figures published earlier this week show that there have been 111 suspected cases of Ebola in the DRC region, of which 83 have been confirmed.
So far, 47 deaths have been confirmed, but the remaining deaths are being investigated in a laboratory to see if the Ebola is at fault.
A total of 15 health workers have been killed by the outbreak in the province of North Kivu, of which 14 have been confirmed and one has died.
The majority of confirmed cases have been registered in Mabalako, 18 miles (30 km) west of the Beni shopping center, where 230,000 people live.
But since then it has spread to Oicha, an area almost completely surrounded by militants.
Michelle Gayer of the IRC said: "With more than fifty armed groups operating in North Kivu, many areas are inaccessible to aid groups due to insecurity.
Beni was the deadliest territory in the Kivus this month with 33 violent deaths of registered civilians.
"If someone contracts Ebola in one of these areas, there is almost no way to know and, therefore, there is no way to cut the chain of transmission.
Health workers carry the body of a presumed victim last Wednesday, August 22, in Mangina, a town near Beni
"The news of two confirmed cases in Oicha is extremely distressing, because the area is almost completely surrounded by armed militants."
In a desperate attempt to curb the cases, Dr. Adhanom called last week for the end of the brutal struggle in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The unsafe burial of a 65-year-old Ebola patient triggered the latest outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
After she was buried, members of her family began to show the symptoms of the virus and seven of them died. "
The genetic analysis has confirmed that the strain of the virus in this last outbreak is the Zaire strain, the same as that of this summer.
However, Peter Salama, WHO's deputy director of emergency preparedness and response, earlier this month revealed that it is genetically different.
The vaccinations began two weeks ago, after the success of the coups in the province of Equateur.
It was feared that some 33 people would die in the previous outbreak this summer, which began in the poorly connected region of Ikoko-Impenge and Bikoro.
He traveled 80 miles (130 km) north to Mbandaka, a port city on the Congo River, an essential waterway with around 1.2 million inhabitants.
There was concern that it would extend to Kinshasa, 364 miles (586 km) to the south, which has an international airport and 12 million residents.
Dr. Derek Gatherer, a virologist at the University of Lancaster, warned that the outbreak earlier this summer was "reminiscent" of the 2014 Ebola pandemic.
All neighboring countries were alerted about the Ebola outbreak before it was declared out of fear that it would spread easily.
Officials praised the use of an experimental vaccine, called rVSV-ZEBOV, to stop the Ebola outbreak in the northwest Democratic Republic of the Congo in July.
Barthe Ndjoloko, who oversees the Ebola response to the health ministry, said authorities are working to identify people who might be infected.
He revealed that the vaccination campaign would focus on health workers and those who have been in contact with confirmed cases.
The 2014 international response to the Ebola pandemic generated criticism for moving too slowly and prompted an apology from WHO.
But the international aid teams have moved much faster in response this time, with vaccination campaigns already underway in several regions.
WHAT IS EBOLA AND HOW MORTAL IS IT?
Ebola, a hemorrhagic fever, killed at least 11,000 worldwide after it decimated West Africa and expanded rapidly within two years.
That pandemic was officially declared in January 2016, when Liberia was announced as free of Ebola by WHO.
The country, shaken by consecutive civil wars that ended in 2003, was the most affected by the fever, with 40 percent of the deaths occurring there.
Sierra Leone reported the largest number of cases of Ebola, and almost all those infected were residents of the nation.
WHERE DID IT BEGIN?
An analysis, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, found that the outbreak began in Guinea, which is near Liberia and Sierra Leone.
A team of international researchers managed to track the pandemic until it reached a two-year-old boy in Meliandou, about 400 miles (650 km) from the capital, Conakry.
Emile Ouamouno, better known as Patient Zero, may have contracted the deadly virus by playing with bats in a hollow tree, a study suggested.
How many people were demolished?
|COUNTRY||CASES||DEATHS||DEATH RATE (%)|
|SENEGAL||1||0||N / A|
|SPAIN||1||0||N / A|
|United Kingdom||1||0||N / A|
|ITALY||1||0||N / A|
The figures show that almost 29,000 people were infected with Ebola, which means that the virus killed around 40 percent of those affected.
Cases and deaths were also reported in Nigeria, Mali and the United States, but on a much smaller scale, with 15 deaths among the three nations.
Health officials in Guinea reported a mysterious error in the southeastern regions of the country before the WHO confirmed that it was Ebola.
Ebola was first identified by scientists in 1976, but the most recent outbreak eclipsed all others recorded in history, according to the figures.
HOW HUMANS COULD HAVE THE VIRUS?
Scientists believe that Ebola is most often transmitted to humans by frugivorous bats, but you can also blame antelopes, porcupines, gorillas and chimpanzees.
It can be transmitted between humans through the blood, secretions and other bodily fluids of people and surfaces that have become infected.
IS THERE A TREATMENT?
The WHO warns that "there is no proven treatment" for Ebola, but dozens of drugs and punctures are being tested in the case of a similarly devastating outbreak.
However, there is hope, after an experimental vaccine, called rVSV-ZEBOV, which protected almost 6,000 people. The results were published in The Lancet magazine.