Emotional family members today ruled the police and MI5 for & # 39; missing opportunities & # 39; to stop the London Bridge terrorist attacks when a coroner ruled that eight victims were unlawfully killed.
Mark Lucraft QC said he would not criticize MI5 and the police in his conclusions, but he saw the lack of barriers on the bridge, a particularly vulnerable & # 39; site.
However, the families of the victims said today that the authorities were guilty of & # 39; shocking & # 39; shortcomings in the run-up to the tragedy and stressed that it was & # 39; preventable & # 39; used to be.
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Philippe Pigeard, father of Alexandre Pigeard, 26, responded today to the comments from the coroners by saying that there are & # 39; many opportunities & # 39; to prevent the attack
Nurse Helen Kennett (left) responds when family members of victims make a statement at the end of the investigation in the Old Bailey. She was involved in the attack and helped the victims
The London Bridge terrorists, from left to right: Khuram Shazad Butt, Rachid Redouane and Youssef Zaghba
Philippe Pigeard, the father of Alexandre Pigeard, 26, said: & We know that there were many opportunities to neutralize at least one of the attackers.
& # 39; Despite the Westminster Attack, London Bridge had no barriers, so I think this attack was preventable. I hope this process will improve things. & # 39;
Christine Delcros, whose friend Xavier Thomas was murdered after being hit by the terrorist company, blamed the authorities for a catalog of & # 39; stunning & # 39; shortcomings in the run-up to the attack.
A statement was issued on behalf of the family of the 38-year-old victim Sebastien Belanger by his father.
& # 39; Many opportunities were missed to prevent this tragedy, including the earlier arrest of Khuram Butt and the lack of protection on the bridge, & # 39; he said.
& # 39; The slow response from the ambulance service was too slow to protect Sebastian. The emergency services have missed several attempts to save lives. & # 39;
Helen Boniface of Hogan Lovells, acting for the families of six of the eight victims, criticized the coroner's findings and said the attack could have been prevented.
& # 39; The cumulative weight of intelligence known to MI5 and the police prior to the attack concerns the families we represent, & # 39; she said.
The death of Mr. Pigeard, a waiter, was described as a & # 39; great loss to humanity & # 39;
& # 39; Despite the opposite conclusion from the coroner, the families believe that many search opportunities were lost that could have identified the planning of this attack. & # 39;
Meanwhile, the parents of a Canadian woman who had been mowed by the van called for stricter measures to stop terrorists from hiring vehicles as deadly weapons.
In his findings today, the coroner criticized the lack of barriers on the bridge and the failure of the family of the leader of the plot to contact the authorities.
However he deleted the MI5 from failing to place sufficient resources in a two-year investigation that did not identify the plan for an attack that killed eight people.
Lucraft said there had been several warnings about the extremist behavior of one of the attackers in the months and years before the attack, but in general they were not reported to the authorities.
He said that Khuram Butt was a & # 39; topic of interest in an active investigation
and the subject of surveillance to varying degrees, but he was not the subject of live monitoring in the days before the attack. & # 39;
& # 39; The other attackers were not identified before they launched their attack, & # 39; the coroner added.
But he told the research: & # 39; I don't think the narrative conclusion should criticize the thorough and rigorous investigation. Regarding all the evidence, I do not believe that research opportunities have been lost. & # 39;
The coroner said: “There was no form of protective protection on the bridge at the time of the attacks, despite the fact that it was particularly vulnerable to attacks and there were weaknesses in the system to introduce such measures. Otherwise hostile vehicle mitigation may have been present. & # 39;
Butt after being shot by police in Borough Market. Butt and his co-attacker have attached empty barrels to their waist to look like explosive means to further scare the public and the police.
Philippe Pigeard said today: “Despite the Westminster Attack, London Bridge had no barriers, so I think this attack could be prevented. I hope this process will improve things & # 39;
Butt's widow, Zahrah Rehman, brother-in-law Usman Darr, brother Saad Butt and sister Butt Haleema, all provided evidence during the Old Bailey investigation.
Butt's brother, Saad, had attended a barbecue three weeks before the attack, with a man putting a skewer into some meat and saying, "This is how to get an unbeliever to extinguish", said the coroner.
Mr. Lucraft added that his brother, a youth worker associated with the government's Prevent anti-radicalization project, had promised to see him but actually had & # 39; little or nothing & # 39; done to stop his brother.
Assistant Commissioner Neil Basu speaks after the conclusion of the investigation
The youth worker said he had not contacted the authorities about his brother – who appeared on the Channel 4 documentary The Jihadis Next Door – because he thought they were already investigating him.
Listing the evidence on Friday, Mr. Lucraft said his entire family had accepted that they should have done more at that time.
He added: & # 39; The entire family knew something of his extreme views. I must say that I did not find any of them convincing witnesses. They all accepted that they should have done more now. & # 39;
Butt, 27, Rachid Redouane, 30, and Youssef Zaghba, 22, killed eight people and wounded another 48 in a van and knife attack on June 3, 2017.
They mowed pedestrians on the London Bridge before stabbing random innocent bystanders at nearby Borough Market before being shot by armed police.
Xavier Thomas, 45, Christine Archibald, 30, Sara Zelenak, 21, Sebastien Belanger, 36, James McMullan, 32, Kirsty Boden, 28, Alexandre Pigeard, 26, and Ignacio Echeverria, 39, were all killed.
His brother Saad's claim to monitor & # 39; Khuram Butt & # 39; was & # 39; extremely disturbing & # 39; and the coroner said he believed he & # 39; little or nothing & # 39; had done.
How the London Bridge killers were known to MI5 for up to three years, but spies claim they could not be stopped
Here is a timeline of when the police and the security service came in contact with the trio:
Khuram Butt is the first to come to the attention of MI5 in an investigation into possible terrorist attacks in the UK.
End is assessed as a threat to national security because it & # 39; ambitious & # 39; to carry out a terror attack, but does not have the capacity to do so.
It later turned out that before the investigation was officially launched, MI5 received an anonymous tip saying that a man named Khuram Butt was an extremist.
They only realized after the outrage of 2017 that it was about the attacker.
– Summer and fall of 2015
Butt associates with followers of the forbidden group al-Muhajiroun (ALM), including Siddhartha Dhar, who fought for the Islamic State, and ALM leader Anjem Choudary.
MI5 said it reinforced the belief that he was an active extremist, but did not show an attack plan.
– September 30, 2015
Butt's father-in-law, Usman Darr, contacts the counter-terrorism hotline for & # 39; a radical change & # 39; to report in Butt's personality, saying he is spreading jihadi texts and & # 39; increasingly extreme & # 39; has become in his views. The police decide not to charge him.
– End of 2015 / beginning of 2016
There are indications that Butt might want to travel abroad to Syria, possibly to fight Isis. MI5 took steps to stop his travels if he tried.
– Early 2016
Butt appears in a Channel 4 documentary called The Jihadis Next Door, although high-ranking police officer Witness M said he did not personally watch the program at that time.
– End of February to March 2016
The Butt investigation has been temporarily suspended due to pressure on resources in the aftermath of Paris terrorist attacks.
– March 2016
– Youssef Zaghba has stopped trying to fly from Bologna to Istanbul when he tells airport officials that he is traveling & to be a terrorist & # 39; before adapting to & # 39; tourist & # 39 ;. Italian officials post a serious crime warning on Zaghba and the following month MI5 will contact for more information, but will not receive a reply.
– July 2016
Butt gets into a fight with a member of the anti-extremist group Quillam in a park.
– September 2016
Butt is downgraded by MI5, someone who is engaged in activities with an average risk extremism.
– October 2016
Butt is arrested with three others on suspicion of falsely reporting fraudulent activities on three bank accounts.
– Fall 2016
Butt goes to the Ummah Fitness Center in Ilford, which is owned by supposed extremist and ALM member Sajeel Shahid.
– Early 2017
The intelligence is that Butt Quran gives lessons to primary school students. The security service also receives information linking Butt to a Moroccan man named Rachid.
– March 7, 2017
Butt and Redouane are depicted in front of his apartment door, but MI5 does not identify Redouane at that time.
– Spring 2017
Butt, Redouane and Zaghba are all regularly present at the Ummah Fitness Center during this phase. Both the police and MI5 cannot regard the gym as a & # 39; important & # 39; identify location.
Butt and Redouane travel together to Leeds to buy a car. The police are not aware of this trip, while MI5 does not consider it suspicious.
After the Butt investigation is not suspended, Butt's assessment of becoming a lone actor terrorist remains unresolved due to a lack of information, but his ability is increased to moderate.
– May 29
The three attackers meet at night near the gym and with the help of an anti-surveillance technique, Redouane drops his phone before the trio runs away to talk.
The police and MI5 are not aware of this meeting.
– 1 June
Prosecutors advise that there is insufficient evidence to cheat Butt with fraud.
– June 3
Eight are killed by the three terrorists on the London Bridge and in Borough Market
Lucraft said that Saad is in a & slightly different position & # 39; because of his previous involvement with the Young Muslims Advisory Group, who did work for the Prevent project of the government.
Despite Saad Butt's claim to follow his brother after his plans to travel to Turkey, the coroner said: “An extremely worrying question is that it seems to me that he did very little in terms of monitoring, was limited to what he saw on social media.
& # 39; He tried to transfer the burden of proof of himself to those to whom the reports were directed and seemed to accept everything his brother told him.
& # 39; Although he can understand the death of his daughter, it seems troubling that despite his brother's views, he did very little whether there was anything to follow his brother. & # 39;
Khuram was arrested by the police in October 2015 as part of a fraud investigation intended to disrupt his activities and told Saad that he had been interviewed by the counter-terrorism police.
Mr. Butt said: & There were alarm bells in my head and I thought: should I report it? But I felt reassured that they were involved and that at least someone was doing something. & # 39;
Mr. Butt said he had a dream about Khuram in April 2017, just after Mr. Butt started a new job at the Damilola Taylor Center in South London.
& # 39; I had a dream that I am in a youth center to guide young people and he comes in with a shaved face, a suicide belt on, and his lips are blue and just as he is going to make it explode, I hug him around save others, & # 39; he said. & # 39; The dream, I can't describe the feeling that it was very unnatural. & # 39;
He blamed MI5 for not letting his brother stop launching an attack and saying: “There was a live investigation going on, the loss of these lives could have been prevented. Those who had the intelligence and the information that they should have done more. & # 39;
He was asked if he should have reported his brother himself when he tried to travel to Syria and said: & on closer inspection yes, it would have been a harmless thing to do, but at that moment he was trying to convince us of it convince that his views have changed. & # 39;
But he added, "I felt able to control him, keep in touch with him, and make sure he was heading in the right direction," Mr. Butt said. & # 39; My training made me feel competent. I never thought about calling the counter-terrorism hotline. & # 39;
Once a week he went over and discussed the politics, religion and culture he said.
When asked if he believed his brother had stopped dealing with extremists, Mr. Butt said: “I doubted, I continued to follow his views and which direction he was going. The decision to go to Syria was a shock to me, so I was determined to do my bit. & # 39;
But he admitted: “I was married with two children and we would meet every week, but I didn't know what he was doing during the day, I'm not a pastor, I'm not an MI5, I'm not the law enforcement. & # 39;
The court investigation revealed that Butt delivered a ring for his wife and then watched cartoons with their children before she went out to kill eight people.
Zahrah Rehman described how her husband would tell that he had & # 39; four or five boys who came for dinner & # 39; and that he & # 39; very strict on segregation & # 39; and even a curtain in progress in their one-bedroom apartment in Barking.
Her brother-in-law called the Anti-Terrorism Hotline to report Butt after a conversation in which he advised ISIS to burn a prisoner alive.
& # 39; In my face, he would never talk like that, & # 39; she said. & # 39; He would get angry. Anyone who wanted to talk to him about these kinds of topics would just get angry and eventually he would no longer talk about them. & # 39;
At one point, she called on her family to intervene when he said he wanted to take her and their young son on vacation to Turkey and she feared he would bring them across the border to Syria.
& # 39; He did not admit that he wanted to go to Syria. Everyone was very doubtful about his intentions. It ended with everyone in my family and his family took my son's passport and passport with him and his passport. & # 39;
When he appeared in a film about radicals called the Jihadi Next Door, her family confronted him, she said: “I was really mad at him, ashamed and ashamed of him. The next time he came to my parents' house, my father and his brothers confronted him.
Hij He said he was in that mosque to pray, he did not say he was intentionally there with that group. He had the wrong place, wrong time. & # 39;
The night before the attack, she gave him a massage and he kissed his wife, she said.
& # 39; Of course now in retrospect, but at the time all these things seemed to be just everyday things. I didn't think he gave me an arm, he gave me a ring, maybe he says goodbye to me. & # 39;
She told the investigation that her children did not go to his funeral and will never know where her husband buries it.
& # 39; I'm not going to grieve him, what he did was disgusting, & # 39; she added. & # 39; I don't think he deserves my mourning.
The Isis fanatics plowed in a rented Renault van (above) on 3 June 2017 in crowds crossing the River Thames before launching a knife disaster in nearby Borough Market killing eight people
The van was weighted with sand and stones were rented in the back and used in the London Bridge attacks to mow pedestrians before they bumped into the railing for the Barrowboy and the Banker-pub
The coroner criticized the family of chief plotter Khuram Butt for not warning the authorities of his increased radicalization. Pictured is Butt & # 39; s brother-in-law
& # 39; I am not convinced that investigative opportunities have been lost & # 39 ;: Coroner's conclusions as to whether the attack could have been prevented
Coroner Mark Lucraft QC found & # 39; a disputable case & # 39; of the & # 39; general duty & # 39; with regard to protective protection on the bridge under Article 2 of the Human Rights Act, the right to life.
He said: & # 39; I think it is appropriate to register the lack of hostile vehicle measures on the London Bridge. It is also appropriate to recognize that the systems failed to assess the necessity of such measures and to apply them immediately and that, without such shortcomings, my (realistic) vehicle mitigation measures were realistically present.
& # 39; At the time of the described attack, there was no form of physical protection at London Bridge despite the fact that it was a location that was particularly vulnerable to a terrorist attack with a vehicle as a weapon.
& # 39; There were shortcomings in systems to assess the need for such measures on the bridge and to apply them immediately. In the absence of such weaknesses, suitable enemy vehicle mitigation measures may have been in place.
He said there was also a & # 39; disputable case & # 39; of the violation of the operational task with regard to the pre-attack investigation.
But in that case he added: & # 39; One of the attackers was the subject of interest that was actively investigated by the security service at the time of the attack and about two years before. He was the subject of surveillance to varying degrees, but not the subject of live monitoring in the days just before the attack. The other attackers were not identified before they carried out the attack together.
& # 39; I do not think the narrative conclusion should criticize MI5 and the police investigations before the attack or say that opportunities were missed that could have prevented the attack realistically.
& # 39; My finding is that the pre-attack investigations of MI5 and SO15 were generally thorough and rigorous. Based on all the evidence and in the final analysis, I am not convinced that chances of research were lost that could realistically save the lives of deceased people. & # 39;
However, the coroner added: "In my opinion, it is also appropriate to record that the family of Khuram Butt was aware of his extremist views and behavior, but did not report these matters to the authorities.
& # 39; Multiple warnings about extremist beliefs and the behavior of one attacker were known to some of his close relatives in the months and years prior to the attack. In general, these were not reported to the authorities. & # 39;
The investigation has heard that Christine Archibald, 30, and Xavier Thomas, 45, were mowed on London Bridge before the van hired by the terrorists ended up in railings.
Three men emerged with 12 in knives and sat down on Sara Zelenak, 21, who fell over on her high heels.
Then they called in James McMullan, 32, to help her.
Nurse Kirsty Boden (28) was stabbed after calling in the help of the Frenchman Alexandre Pigeard, 26.
The murderers also started with Sebastien Belanger, 36, and Ignacio Echeverria, 39, who was fatally wounded while shutting off the attackers with his skateboard.
Khuram Butt, 27, Rachid Redouane, 30, and Youssef Zaghba, 22, were shot by police gunmen less than 10 minutes after the disaster began
The court in Old Bailey has heard of extraordinary courageous acts in which police officers, doctors and members of the public seek help despite the danger.
The families of the victims have expressed concern about & # 39; disturbing & # 39; gaps in intelligence by MI5 and the counter-terrorism police.
Before the attack, leader Butt had close ties with the Islamic supporter Anjem Choudary and appeared on documentary The Jihadi Next Door.
He trained in a gym with the failed asylum seeker Redouane and Zaghba, who had previously informed the Italian police that he was traveling to Turkey to be a terrorist.
Chief coroner Mark Lucraft, pictured outside the Old Bailey, where he shot the family of the British terrorist behind the terror attack today
For months, MI5 was unaware that Butt spent most afternoons at Ad Deen Primary School, teaching the Koran to children, and most evenings at the Ummah gym, the survey heard.
After the judicial investigation, the police and the emergency services said the coroner's findings had confirmed their approach.
Met's assistant commissioner, Neil Basu, paid tribute to the victims before the & # 39; courage & # 39; of his officers.
& # 39; The level of professionalism, dedication and dedication was astounding by those involved in the fight against terrorism before, during and after 2017, & # 39; he said.
& # 39; But we are not complacent, the police and our security service partners subjected us to the most difficult and sometimes painful investigation to determine which lessons we could learn.
& # 39; We have already identified and implemented many improvements and that work continues.
& # 39; During these investigations there has been a thorough investigation, including whether we could have prevented the attack and whether the relevant authorities could have provided better physical protection to the public.
& # 39; Protective security is a collective responsibility and a continuous work in progress.
& # 39; With regard to the research itself and with the benefit of retrospective, we know that certain things could have been done differently.
& # 39; But after careful consideration, the main coroner has discovered that the investigation prior to the attack was nevertheless thorough and rigorous. He was not convinced that investigative possibilities had been lost, so that the lives of people who died so tragically could be saved in a realistic way. & # 39;
Interior Minister Sajid Javid said: “The London Bridge attack was an act of pure evil carried out by a group of terrorists who tried to strike fear as the core of our tolerant and inclusive society.
& # 39; Over the past two months, we've heard the deeply moving and shocking stories of people trapped in the horrors of that tragic evening.
& # 39; We have also heard stories of compassion, courage and pure courage. My thoughts remain with the victims and all those affected and I acknowledge the pain they have felt while reliving events. & # 39;
The eight victims killed in the London Bridge terrorist attacks
Spaniard Ignacio Echeverria was stabbed to death when he tried to fend off the terrorist attackers with his skateboard.
The 39-year-old was in the UK for over a year and worked as a financial crime analyst at HSBC.
Mr. Echeverria joined the unarmed police commissioners Wayne Marques and Charlie Guenigault in fighting off the three attackers while training on Marie Bondeville, hitting at least one terrorist with his skateboard.
& # 39; His courageous attempts were to stop the attack & # 39 ;, said main compactor Mark Lucraft.
Mr. Echeverria was the youngest of five brothers and sisters and was a Catholic who went to mass every week. He was able to speak English, German and French fluently.
Nurse Kirsty Boden was stabbed to death when she tried to care for the wounded and the dying.
Miss Boden, 28, moved in 2013 from the town of Loxton in South Australia to London.
She was a senior nurse at the Guy & St Thomas & Hospital and lived with her British friend James Hodder in a flat in Hampstead.
Hodder said: & She loved people and loved her life by helping others. For Kirsty, her actions that night had been an extension of how she lived her life. & # 39;
Alexandre Pigeard worked as a waiter at Boro Bistro when he was attacked.
The 26-year-old Frenchman had moved to London to improve his ambitions as a DJ for dance music.
Minutes before he was stabbed to death, he called his father Philippe video during a break from his work in the French restaurant.
Mr. Pigeard planned to return to France in the fall of 2017 to open a restaurant in Nantes and record an EP with his father.
Pigeard senior told the investigation: & I am here as a destroyed father who has lost a child in such circumstances – an inconsolable father. & # 39;
James McMullan was stabbed in the chest at the Barrowboy and Banker pub while he was celebrating to get financial support for his online education company.
The British-Filipino entrepreneur watched the Champions League final with friends in the pub.
The 32-year-old from Hackney in East London was attacked when he stepped outside to take a cigarette.
He had dreamed of helping children without access to education through his e-learning company.
Mr. McMullan Simon's father described his son as & # 39; funny, charming and smart & # 39; and said & # 39; his fearlessness can never be underestimated & # 39 ;.
Chef's mother Sebastien Belanger zei dat ze de terroristen die hem verminkt en vermoord niet vergeven.
Haar 36-jarige zoon dronk in de Boro Bistro toen hij herhaaldelijk in de borst werd gestoken.
Zijn moeder Josiane Belanger zei: 'We missen hem zo erg, zijn glimlach, zijn levensvreugde. Ik vergeef niet wat ze hem hebben aangedaan. & # 39;
Oorspronkelijk afkomstig uit Angers in het westen van Frankrijk, begon de heer Belanger aan de Coq d'Argent in de stad en werd hij gepromoveerd tot de chef-kok.
Australische au pair Sara Zelenak was op de 'trip van je leven' toen ze werd doodgestoken tijdens een avondje stappen met een vriend.
Miss Zelenak's moeder, Julie Wallace, zei dat 'elke schuifdeur' haar dochter op 'harm's way' zette.
'Ze moest werken en op het laatste moment kreeg ze vrij,' zei mevrouw Wallace.
'Om 22.00 uur ging Sara's telefoon over en haar vriendin zei:' Ik ben klaar met de rugby 'en dus verliet ze haar veilige haven en liep ze naar een terroristische aanslag en werd ze neergestoken.'
Voordat ze in maart 2017 naar Groot-Brittannië vertrok, werkte Miss Zelenak samen met haar stiefvader Mark als kraanmachinist in Brisbane om te sparen voor haar reis.
Haar ouders hebben sindsdien Sarz Sanctuary opgezet om andere families te helpen met het omgaan met verdriet.
Xavier Thomas liep over London Bridge met zijn vriendin Christine Delcros toen ze door het busje werden geraakt.
De 45-jarige vader-van-twee werd in de Theems gekatapulteerd en zijn vriendin kreeg levensbedreigende verwondingen. Zijn lichaam werd stroomafwaarts drie dagen later teruggevonden.
De heer Thomas, die op de dag van de aanslag in Londen was aangekomen, woonde in de buurt van Parijs en werkte voor American Express.
Miss Delcros zei: 'Sinds Xavier verdween in zulke tragische en traumatische omstandigheden is onze hele wereld uit elkaar gevallen.'
Canadese toerist Christine Archibald vertelde haar verloofde Tyler Ferguson dat ze van hem hield, seconden voordat ze werd gemaaid.
Mevrouw Archibald en meneer Ferguson liepen over de London Bridge na een etentje in een nabijgelegen restaurant toen de gruweldaad zich afspeelde.
Haar verloofde zei: 'Op een gegeven moment hield Chrissy me uit het niets op, greep me naar me toe en gaf me een hartstochtelijke kus nadat ze me had verteld dat ze van me hield.
'Ik herinner me dat het een warme zomeravond was en de zon was net ondergegaan. En toen vond de aanval plaats en werd Chrissy gedood.
'Geen woorden kunnen uitdrukken hoe ik me voelde toen dit gebeurde. Ik was absoluut verwoest en ontroostbaar. Sindsdien is niets meer hetzelfde geweest. & # 39;
De verlovingsring van Miss Archibald ging verloren tijdens de aanval, maar herstelde later van de brug. Mr Ferguson draagt het nu aan een ketting om zijn nek.
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