There is renewed momentum to incorporate gender quotas into Australian politics, amid ongoing criticism of the treatment of women in Canberra.
A world ranking of 193 countries analyzes the percentage of women represented in the lower house.
Australia reaches 50, far behind neighboring New Zealand, ranked 19th.
Rwanda ranks first, while the United Kingdom is ranked 41 and the United States 102.
Associate Professor at the University of Sydney, Anika Gauja, investigates political institutions in modern democracies.
She told SBS News that the countries that occupy the first places have gender quotas.
"Places like Scandinavia do a lot better than us because they have dating for some time," he said.
Seventy-five percent of the Liberal Party are men, and for some, that is unacceptable.
Malcolm Turnbull's daughter, Daisy, has intervened in the debate, tweeting quotas "may be the only way to recover the women they support."
Last month, Australia reached two parliamentary milestones for women.
Seventy-five years of women in the Commonwealth Parliament and Australia's 100th Senator, Dr. Mehreen Faruqi was sworn in.
But at a time when they are supposed to be inspired, young political students are disappointed.
Isabella Skelton told SBS News that the toxic culture in Canberra is alienating young women.
"It's incredibly discouraging and I would not be surprised if a large group of young people, particularly young women, are deprived of the political sphere because of that."
Madeline Lucre, who is very committed to student politics at the University of Technology in Sydney, agrees.
"The internal structures that occur within the main political parties are really hurting young women."
The research of associate professor Gauja supports that claim.
"The understanding or assumption that anyone can raise their hand and run for politics and be elected is a total myth." When we think about how people, male or female, are recruited to run in parliament, it is through political networks interpersonal
"And these networks have always privileged men," he said.
Ella Longhurt, who specializes in politics and is part of the women's committee at her university, says the turmoil in Canberra has an advantage.
"I think there is more conversation about how women are treated and why there is more female representation."
Mrs. Lucre agrees.
"We are beginning to demand accountability from the apolitical people in power, but I think that much more needs to be done to air those closed-door political talks."