The bunker from the Second World War, used by ‘Churchill’s secret army’ to sabotage Nazis, is discovered in Scotland
The exciting speeches of Winston Churchill inspired a nation and played a key role in Britain’s morale during the dark early days of World War II.
It was a time when the country was almost on its knees, with men dying and morale falling.
But Churchill’s challenging and powerful words made hope for ordinary Britons, soldiers, sailors and pilots.
He replaced Neville Chamberlain as prime minister on May 10, 1940.
Days before, the ‘fake war’, the period of relative peace after the declaration of war on 3 September 1939, ended with the German invasion of France, Belgium and the Netherlands.
Churchill’s first speech as prime minister at the lower house, three days later, would go down in history as one of his most famous.
Winston Churchill gives an exciting speech during the dark days of World War II
He said, “I would say to the House, as I said to those who joined this government,” I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat. “
“We have a test of the toughest nature ahead of us. We have many, many long months of struggle and suffering in front of us.
‘You ask, what is our policy? I can say: It is to wage war, over sea, land and air, with all our power and with all the power that God can give us; to wage war against monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark, regrettable catalog of human crime. That is our policy.
‘You ask, what is our purpose? I can answer in one word: it is victory, victory at all costs, victory despite all terror, victory, no matter how long and how difficult the road is; because without victory there is no survival.
‘Let that be realized; no survival for the British empire, no survival for everything the British empire has stood for, no survival for the urge and impulse of all times, that humanity will achieve its goal.
“But I take on my task with buoyancy and hope. I am convinced that our cause will not suffer from the people. Right now I feel entitled to claim the help of everyone and I say, “Come on, let’s move forward with our united strength.” “
Extract from his first broadcast as a PM to the country on May 19, 1940.
“I speak for the first time as prime minister at a solemn hour for the life of our country, our empire, our allies and especially the cause of freedom. . .
“It would be foolish. . . to hide the gravity of the hour. It would be even more silly to lose heart and courage or to assume that well-trained, well-equipped armies of three or four million men can be overcome within a few weeks or even months …
“Side by side, without help except by their friends and relatives in the great dominions and by the broad empires resting under their shield – side by side, the British and French peoples have advanced to save not only Europe but also humanity of the worst and most soul-destroying tyranny that has ever obscured and stained the pages of history.
‘Behind them – behind us, behind the armies and fleets of Great Britain and France – a group of shattered states and bludgeoned races are gathering: the Czechs, the Poles, the Norwegians, the Danes, the Dutch, the Belgians – on whom the long night of barbarism will descend, unbroken even by a star of hope, unless we overcome, as we must overcome; as a victor we will.
“Today is Trinity Sunday. Centuries ago, words were written as an appeal and exhortation to the faithful servants of truth and justice: “Arm yourself, and be brave men and be ready for the conflict; for it is better for us to perish than to look at the indignation of our nation and our altar. As the will of God is in heaven, let it be. “”
Extract from his Commons speech on 4 June 1940, after the evacuation of 338,000 allied troops from Dunkirk.
“I am confident that if all do their duty, if nothing is neglected, and if the best arrangements are made while they are being made, we will once again be able to defend our island home, to to ride the storm of war, and to survive the threat of tyranny, if necessary for years, if necessary alone.
‘We will certainly try that. That is the decision of the government of His Majesty – each of them. That is the will of the Parliament and the nation. The British Empire and the French Republic, united in their cause and need, will defend their native land to death, helping each other as good comrades to the limit of their power.
“Although large parts of Europe and many old and famous states have fallen or will fall into the grip of the Gestapo and all the horrible devices of Nazi rule, we will not fail or fail.
“We will continue to the end, we will fight in France, we will fight on the seas and oceans, we will fight with growing confidence and growing power in the air, we will defend our island, whatever the costs may be, we we will fight on the beaches, we will fight on the landing grounds, we will fight in the fields and on the streets, we will fight in the hills; we will never surrender, and even if, or I do not believe for a moment, this island or a large part of it was subdued and starved, then our empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by the British fleet, would fight until, in God’s good time, the New World, with all its power and might, comes forward to save and deliver the old. “
Extract from his Commons speech on June 18, 1940.
“What General Weygand [the French Allied commander] called the Battle of France is over. I expect the Battle of Britain to begin.
“The survival of Christian civilization depends on this struggle. It depends on our own British life, and the long continuity of our institutions and our empire. The entire anger and power of the enemy must turn us very quickly.
‘Hitler knows that he must break us on this island or lose the war. If we can resist him, the whole of Europe can be free and the life of the world can progress in wide, sun-drenched highlands.
“But if we fail, the whole world, including the United States, including everything we have known and cared for, will sink into the abyss of a new Dark Age, more sinister and perhaps longer, through the lights of perverse science.
“Therefore, let’s keep our duties and behave in such a way that, when the British Empire and its Commonwealth last a thousand years, people will still say,” This was their best hour. “”