Syphilis cases have risen by 70 percent in Europe since 2010, data show.
A report reveals that the sexually transmitted disease (STD) reached a record high in 2017, with 33,189 confirmed cases in 28 countries across the continent.
This is an increase of more than 13,000 compared to the 19,797 reported incidents in 2007.
Although it is an issue across Europe, between 2010 and 2017 the STI cases more than doubled in five countries, including Great Britain.
Once considered a & # 39; Victorian disease & # 39 ;, some countries saw even more new cases of syphilis than HIV, the report said.
Researchers from Sweden blame unprotected sex, & # 39; riskier behavior among gay men & # 39; and a & # 39; reduced fear of HIV & # 39; for the increase in syphilis, which can be fatal if not treated.
A report reveals that syphilis reached a record high in 2017, with 33,189 confirmed cases in 28 countries in Europe. This is an increase of more than 13,000 of the 19,797 cases in 2007
The report has been compiled by the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) in Stockholm and led by Dr. Andrew Amato-Gauci, head of the HIV, STI and hepatitis program.
& # 39; The increase in syphilis infections that we see everywhere in Europe is due to various factors, & # 39; said Dr. Amato-Gauci.
& # 39; Like people having sex without condoms and multiple sexual partners, in combination with a reduced fear of getting HIV & # 39 ;, Reuters reported.
The ECDC analyzed the data for 2017 from The European Surveillance System, which records the frequency of infectious diseases throughout the continent.
This was compared with an earlier report from those who already took syphilis into account in 2010.
WHAT IS SYPHILIS?
Syphilis is a bacterial infection that is usually caused by sex with an infected person.
It spreads through close contact with an infected ulcer, which usually occurs during vaginal, oral or anal sex.
Infected pregnant women can pass the STD to their unborn babies, which can lead to miscarriages or stillbirths.
Syphilis can also be spread by sharing needles with an infected person.
Symptoms are not always obvious and may eventually disappear.
These can be:
- Small, painless sores or sores on the penis, vagina, anus or around the mouth
- Smudged red rash on the palms or soles of the feet
- Small skin growth on women's vulva or on the anus
- White spots in the mouth
- Tiredness, headache, joint pain, fever, and swollen lymph nodes
If left untreated, syphilis can spread to the brain or elsewhere in the body and cause disability or death.
Treatment is usually an antibiotic injection in the buttocks or a cure with tablets.
People can reduce their risk by using condoms during sex, a tooth decay (plastic square) in oral sex and avoiding sharing sex toys.
Source: NHS Choices
The report found more than 260,000 cases of syphilis were diagnosed in Europe between 2007 and 2017.
The rates of the STD started to rise in 2011 and reached a peak of more than 33,000 in 2017.
For the first time since the early 2000s, Europe had more reports of Victorian STD than HIV.
The problem varied from country to country, with the United Kingdom, Belgium, France, Germany, Malta and the Netherlands, causing cases to more than double between 2010 and 2017.
The largest increase was in Iceland, where business went from just five in 2010 to 52 in 2017.
Iceland even ended with the highest syphilis rate in Europe, with 15.4 people with STDs per 100,000 members of the population.
This was followed by Malta on 13.5 cases of syphilis per 100,000 people and then the UK at 11.8 per 100,000 British.
But in Estonia and Romania things have more than halved.
Estonia was one of the countries with the lowest syphilis rates at three per 100,000 people.
Two-thirds (67 percent) of the cases that occurred between 2007 and 2017, where the sexual preferences of the infected person were known, were among gay men.
This also varied from country to country, with more than 80 percent of cases in France, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, Sweden and Great Britain in homosexual men.
However, gays represented less than 20% of diagnoses in Latvia, Lithuania and Romania.
In general, 23 percent of cases in Europe applied to straight men and 15 percent to women.
Sexuality aside, men between 25 and 34 were most likely infected.
The researchers are concerned about complacency towards HIV, especially among homosexual men, who may fuel syphilis cases.
& # 39; The introduction of pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV (PrEP) is also likely to have a negative impact on future trends due to both risk reimbursements & # 39 ;, they wrote.
PrEP is a combination of two anti-retroviral drugs, tenofovir and FTC, in a fixed-dose pill.
These drugs work together to interfere with an enzyme that uses HIV to infect new cells, delaying or completely preventing the attack of the virus.
The drug is intended for people who have not yet been exposed to the virus to protect themselves against it.
Men who have anal sex with men are more at risk for HIV. This is because the walls of the anus are thin and can be torn more easily, allowing the virus to enter the bloodstream.
Speaking about the syphilis problem in Europe, Amato-Gauci said: & # 39; To reverse this trend, we need to encourage people to use condoms consistently with new and separate partners. & # 39;
ARE VICTORIA-ERA DISEASES INCREASING?
A poor lifestyle caused a wave of diseases related to the Victorian era in the UK, experts warned in March 2017.
A fall in living standards and growing financial inequality are supposed to be behind an increase in rickets, gout, syphilis and scarlet fever.
Rickets was made famous by Tiny Tim in Charles Dickens & A Christmas Carol
Rickets, made famous by Tiny Tim in & # 39; A Christmas Carol & # 39; by Charles Dickens, increased by 39 percent between 2009 and 2010.
The disease, which can be caused by a vitamin D deficiency, leaves people with brittle bones and skeletal malformations.
Although it is widespread in 19th-century Britain, it has been by no means offset by sustained improvements in nutrition.
It is thought that a fear of contracting skin cancer can cause parents to be overly cautious regarding sun exposure, putting young people at risk for the condition.
In addition to sun exposure, vitamin D can be obtained by eating foods such as fatty fish, egg yolk and liver.
In January 2017, a think tank for rising inflation warned that poor families cannot afford nutritious food to prevent the attack of the disease.
Gout cases increased by 41% between 2009 and 10, from 6,908 to 9,708, The sun reports.
The form of arthritis caused by a build-up of uric acid, a waste product of the body, famously boasts Henry VIII and was widespread in the Victorian era.
An & # 39; obesity epidemic & # 39; and aging population has recently been behind the rise of gout, according to the UK Gout Society.
The increasing number of people with unprotected sex has been blamed for an increase in syphilis.
After the death penalty, the vast majority of people infected today can be cured with penicillin injections.
Figures for the sexually transmitted infection have almost doubled in the last eight years, from 2646 to 5,217, according to Public Health England.
Scarlet fever, which causes skin rashes, jumped by 198 percent per year (stock)
Cases of scarlet fever have risen by 198 percent between 2009 and 2010, data show.
The highly contagious disease causes a sore throat, fever and rash, which can occasionally lead to pneumonia if it is not treated quickly.
Although deadly in the Victorian era, the disease is limited to no more than nasty symptoms if they are treated early.
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