Switch off the AC! Women's cognitive performance is better with HIGHER room temperature, but not with men
- Researchers gave tests for men and women in rooms where temperatures were set between 61F (16C) and 90F (32C)
- Women did better on the tests when the room temperature was warmer
- They answered more questions correctly as well as more questions in general
- However, men performed better on the tests when the temperature was cooler
Switching off the air conditioner can improve the cognitive performance of female office workers, a new study finds.
Researchers say that women performed better on math and verbal testing at higher room temperatures.
But this was not the case for men. In fact, they performed best in the same test when the room temperature was lower.
Previous studies have shown that women prefer a higher indoor temperature than men.
But the team, from the USC Marshall School of Business in California and the WZB Berlin Social Science Center in Germany, says the study is the first to compare the sexes and the effect of temperature on cognitive performance.
A new study led by the USC Marshall School of Business found that women performed better on math and verbal testing when the room temperature was warmer (file image)
Research has shown that there are scientific reasons why there is a constant battle over the thermostat between the sexes.
A study from the University of Utah found that the extremities of women – namely their hands and feet – are a few degrees colder than those of men, which women are more sensitive to cold.
And another from the University of Maryland found that the metabolism for men is about 23 percent higher than for women, which means that female bodies heat more slowly than male bodies.
For the new study, published in PLOS One, the team recruited more than 500 students between September 2017 and December 2017.
The participants took logic, mathematics and verbal tests in a room that varied between approximately 61F (16C) and approximately 90F (32C).
The results showed that women did better on the math and verbal tests when the room temperature was warmer.
Not only have they answered more questions correctly, but they have also submitted more answers in general.
On the other hand, men perform better in colder temperatures. When the thermostat was set higher, they answered fewer questions in general and less correctly.
However, it did not seem that temperature had an effect on the performance of the logical test for both men and women.
Participants for the study were German university students, so the authors noted the results can vary between other demographic groups.
But they suggested setting the temperatures higher than they are at the moment.
In fact, a 2015 study discovered that most office buildings determined temperatures with a formula from the 60s that calculates the metabolic rates of men.
This is probably because in that period it was mainly men who worked in offices. However, according to the US Department of Labor, women now make up 47 percent of the US workforce.
& # 39; Our findings suggest that gender-based workplaces may increase productivity by setting the thermostat higher than current standards, & # 39 ;, wrote the authors.
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