In honor of the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall riots that galvanized the modern LGBT movement, Zed Books has re-released a volume entitled Pride: Photographs after Stonewall. The collection of photos was taken by legendary photographer Fred McDarrah during the five decades he spent covering the nascent counterculture movement and beatnik scene for the independent newspaper New York City – The Village Voice. From AIDS demonstrations to Pride Parades, the beautiful pictures show the most important moments in the years after Stonewall before his death at the age of 81 in 2007.
Winner As Als, winner of the Pulitzer prize, McDarrah proposes on the book, he writes: & Fred saw the artists who helped define the time – Jack Kerouac and Bob Dylan – poets who scratch texts and stories out the sky of New York. & # 39; Over the course of his fruitful career, McDarrah provided the front row of tickets for a fascinated audience during breakthrough points in American history. & # 39; Fred saw it all and recorded it all: the young, strange people who had had enough of hearing that their way of being was obscene, that the families they made were distorted, all those people that year after years and their entire lives they were told they were wrong, & said If.
In the early morning hours of June 28, 1969, seven police officers and Seymour Pine, deputy inspector of the NYPD Morals Division, entered the Stonewall Inn at 53 Christopher Street in New York City. The gay bar that has been in the Bohemian heart of Greenwich Village for a long time served as a refuge for the LGBT community during the endless winter of oppression and discrimination, years before the struggle and triumph of the gay rights movement.
An unidentified group of young people are celebrating at a building near the boarded up Stonewall Inn after riots on the weekend of June 27, 1969
The Stonewall Inn was originally a restaurant before & # 39; Fat Tony & # 39; of the notorious family of Genovese crime turned it into a gay bar in 1966. It closed shortly after the riots in 1969 and was leased over the years to various tenants and companies. This photo was taken in 1987 when the sign was removed. Eventually the bar was reopened and the building, together with the surrounding area, became a National Historic Landmark in 2000
The rhythm poet, Allen Ginsberg (left) and his long-term partner, Peter Orlovsky, are in their apartment in East Village on November 1, 1964. Ginsberg's poem & # 39; Howl & # 39; was brought to justice in 1957 for obscenity with references to homosexual relationships. He is responsible for leading the counterculture movement in New York City in response to the social oppression of America in the 1950s. In the photo album Ginsberg wrote: & # 39; Remember the historical importance of coming out! The Stonewall cry echoed around the world! & # 39;
A photo of the 1971 Gay Pride Parade kick-off from outside a former fire station, became a community center for the Gay Activist Alliance (GAA) in New York City
Restrictive sodomy laws have existed since the earliest history of the United States as a collective of colonies; the enforcement and punishment of those statutes in the course of the following centuries was waxed and taken down. A countercultural revolution that responded to the social oppression of the 1950s began to flourish in Greenwich Village, led by Beat poets such as Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, and Frank O & Hara. New York mayor Robert Wagner Jr. was in the 1960s. concerned about the & # 39; immoral & # 39; reputation of the city and started a crusade to chase the streets of gay bars in preparation for the 1964 World Exhibition.
The New York State Liquor Authority was given the discretion in approving and / or revoking beverage licenses for the companies that were known as meeting points of the gay community. Raids were common and happened almost every month for every bar. Organized crime, especially the Italian mafia, saw this as an opportunity to make money and they operated almost all New York City branches that were aimed at the gay community. Taking advantage of the population's need to get together freely without bullying, she carried out a side-by-side bootleg operation that involved health and fire codes, drinking too much for drinks, and extorting money from wealthy customers while police had paid off.
& # 39; Fat Tony & # 39; of the notorious Genoese crime family invested $ 3500 in the original restaurant Stonewall Inn to turn it into a gay bar. Without a permit to legally shop open, no running water and a glass of soda were washed by just immersing them in buckets of water. Because police raids were frequent, most of the drink was stored in a car parked on the street and Fat Tony paid angry agents $ 1,200 a month to keep Stonewall open.
A month after the demonstrations and conflict at the Stonewall Inn, a group of about 200 people march along West 4th Street in New York as the first massive demonstration in support of gay rights
Warhol Superstar and transsexual icon, Candy Darling poses for a photo in December 1970. As writes: & # 39; His portrait of Candy Darling, the trans-performer, is one of the biggest comments we have not only about transformation, but also about silence – a moment of reflection in an era where silence was not the point, but change was & # 39;
Police officers arrest and drag a demonstrator away at an ACT UP (AIDS coalition to release power) protest in New York City Town Hall in March 1989. The demonstrator is wearing a t-shirt with two men kissing along with the sentence & # 39; Reading & # 39; My Lips & # 39; and he has a poster that says: & # 39; The government has blood on its hands; One AIDS death every half hour. & # 39; The AIDS epidemic tore through New York City in the 1980s; there was little government support or intervention for people with the virus – & # 39; a symptom of the age's discrimination against minorities, intravenous drug users and homosexuals & # 39 ;, said the New York Times
Marsha P. Johnson, self-identified drag queen and Andy Warhol model became a trans-activist and co-founder of the Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries (STAR). In his final history of Stonewall, Martin Duberman tells an anecdote in which Johnson climbed a lamppost during the riots and dropped a weighted bag onto the hood of a police car that shattered the windshield
Graffiti on the boarded-up window after the riots of 28 June 1969 refers to the payments to corrupt police officers by the owners of Mafia-operated gay bars. Organized crime owned almost all underground gay bars in Manhattan; exploiting the need of the LGBT community to come together freely without harassment. & # 39; Fat Tony & # 39; of the Genovese crime family paid NYPD police officers $ 1,200 a month to keep his illegal operation open and overpaying for drinks while blackmailing his richer customers for his money
Seymour Pine, deputy inspector of the Moral Division of NYPD, was looking for political favor with law and order politicians and wanted to permanently close the Stonewall Inn. He caught the wind on Fat Tony & # 39; s extortion plan that blackmailed Stonewall & # 39; s richer patrons by threatening to uncover their homosexual secret. Pine made sure that four undercover officers entered the bar earlier in the evening and gather evidence while waiting outside with a detective and two uniformed police officers for a signal.
At 1:20 the skylights turned on on the dance floor and everyone was ordered to stand in line and show identification. This was a standard protocol for a police raid, except that this time nobody met their demands. NYPD had to wait 15 minutes for back-up patrol cars to collect the bottles of liquor and beer, and during this period the tension between police party-goers in the bar started to rise. Within a few minutes a crowd of people had gathered in front of the bar and it was not long before the police were in the minority of 500 to 600 people. The scene quickly descended into chaos. Trash cans were set on fire, bottles, stones and stones were thrown in front of the windows and patrol cars were smashed. A tactical unit was called in to dispel the pandemonium where they handled their clubs against protesters who mocked the police in Broadway-like choir line routines while singing: & We are the Stonewall girls / we wear our hair in curls / we don't wear underwear / We show our pubic hair. & # 39; Miraculously, nobody was hurt and only 13 people were arrested that night.
Drag artists line up on stage as they compete at the All-American Beauty Camp Pageant in New York on February 20, 1967. Among the pictured are Miss Manhattan, Miss New York, Miss Delaware County, Miss Brooklyn and Miss Fire Island but Miss Philadelphia took first place with Andy Warhol as one of the jury members
The Gay Urban Truth Squad of Dallas at the Democratic National Convention, July 17, 1988 in Atlanta. During the Second World War, Nazis ensured that homosexuals wore inverted pink triangles as identification; years later, gay activists adopted the pink triangle (seen in the center of the banner) as a way to commemorate the many people of the LGBT community who were being persecuted
View along the dark sidewalk for The Ramrod, one of the most popular waterfront bars on West Street in 1972
The American lawyer Dick Ashworth marches in the fifth annual Gay Pride Day parade in New York on 3 June 1974; he became a founding member of Parents and Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG) and years later his sons Tucker and Eric later died of AIDS
Guy Baldwin, writer and psychotherapist from Los Angeles won the title & # 39; International Mister Leather & # 39; in 1989 – the competition is an annual event that celebrates the leather subculture and the BDSM community
The riots continued for the next six days. In the aftermath of the protests, the community organized the Gay Liberation Front in nearby Sheridan Square Park. They were now united and galvanized to fight against police violence and for equality. Peter Tatchell, human rights activist, also contributes Proud: photos & # 39; s after Stonewall. He writes: & # 39; What was of great importance to those riots was what became inflamed: the formation of the Gay Liberation Front and a year later the first Gay Pride marches marched. & # 39;
Tatchell continues: & # 39; Our idealistic vision was to create a new sexual democracy, without homophobia, hatred of women, racism or class privilege. In our gay population, erotic shame and guilt would be banned, along with mandatory monogamy, the nuclear family, and rigid male and female gender roles. & # 39;
The locks opened in the early morning of June 28, 1969 – unleashing years of pent-up resentment from systematic oppression. The date was officially known as Christopher Street Liberation Day and exactly one year after the riots, the LGBT community celebrated by marching through the streets of Greenwich Village with side marches in Los Angeles and Chicago. These marches were the first Gay Pride parades that now take place all over the world.
Two women love the New York City Pride Parade on June 28, 1970. The LGBT community gathered immediately after the riots in 1969 in a park near Sheridan Square and formed the Gay Liberation Front; this group became the driving force behind the modern LBGT rights movement
Elevated view of the NAMES Project AIDS Memorial Quilt on the Washington Monument site during March on Washington DC for gay, lesbian and bisexual rights and liberation in April 1993. The quilt consists of a large number of panels built to commemorate victims in the AIDS crises
Police officer drags an unidentified AIDS coalition demonstrator to Unleash Power (ACT UP) through his arms while arresting him during a demonstration in 1989 in City Hall Park in New York City. Together with another man in the area, the man wore t-shirts with the text & # 39; Silence = Death & # 39 ;. The protest attracted 3,000 participants and resulted in 200 arrests
Photo of parade visitors, both dressed in matching t-shirts that depict women hand in hand while standing together at the Gay Pride Day March in New York in 1975
Two women on a motorcycle celebrate the Pride Parade in New York City in 1989. June 28 became officially known as & # 39; Christopher Street Liberation Day & # 39; and has since been celebrated in marches around the world
Carlin Jeffrey performed on a private party in an after-hours club on April 4, 1970. He became a living sculpture on the cross as a tribute to the homosexuals who died in American wars
Sitting on a curb, the leaves applauded during the Gay Pride Parade in New York in 1991
A man with close-fitting, low-flared white jeans is celebrating Pride Day on 29 June 1975
Eric von Schmetterling in a t-shirt with the title & # 39; Disability Pride & # 39; while he is the basic activist organization & # 39; ADAPT & # 39; represents, on the Gay Liberation March in Washington DC in April 1993
A member of STAR, the Street Travestites Action Revolutionaries, poses in an elaborate costume and headdress covered in fruit and feathers at New York City in 1973 Gay Pride Day March held every year on the anniversary of the Stonewall Riots
New York City Pride Parade, June 30, 1991. & # 39; Our idealistic vision was to create new sexual democracy without homophobia, hatred of women, racism or class privilege. In our homopropopy erotic shame and guilt would be banned, along with mandatory monogamy, the nuclear family and rigid male and female gender roles, & Peter Tatchell wrote in his
. (TagsToTranslate) Dailymail (t) news (t) new-york